Greek Name Transliteration Latin Spelling Translation
Τιταρησσος Titarêssos Titaressus River Titaressus
Ευροπος Europos Europus River Europus
TITARESSOS was a River-God of Thessalia in northern Greece.

The Titaressos River was a major tributory of the Peneios. It flowed south from the foothills of Mounts Olympos and Titanos (or Titarios), through the northern half of Thessalia, to merge with the Peneios near the Lapith capital of Gyrtone. The river was also known as the Europos.

Presumably either OKEANOS or STYX

Homer, Iliad 2. 751 ff (trans. Lattimore) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) :
"Lovely Titaressos, who into Peneios casts his bright current: yet he is not mixed with the silver whirls of Peneios, but like oil is floated along the surface above him : since he is broken from the water of Styx, the fearful oath-river."

Strabo, Geography 7. 15 (trans. Jones) (Greek geographer C1st B.C. to C1st A.D.) :
"The Peneios River . . . also receives the waters of the Europos River, which Homer called Titaresios it marks the boundary between Makedonia on the north and Thessalia on the south. But the source-waters of the Europos rise in the Titarios Mountain, which is continuous with Olympos."

Seneca, Troades 846 ff (trans. Miller) (Roman tragedy C1st A.D.) :
"Those lands [Thessalia] which the Titaressos bathes, destined to flow with its sluggish waters beneath the sea [i.e. its waters return to the underworld from where it is sprung]."


  • Homer, The Iliad - Greek Epic C8th B.C.
  • Strabo, Geography - Greek Geography C1st B.C. - C1st A.D.
  • Seneca, Troades - Latin Epic C1st A.D.