Web Theoi
ENYALIOS
 
Greek Name Transliteration Latin Spelling Translation
Ενυαλιος Enyalios Enyalius Warlike

ENYALIOS (or Enyalius) was a minor god of war and attendant of Ares. The name Enyalios, however, was usually merely a title of the god Ares.

PARENTS

[1] ARES & ENYO (Eustathius on Homer 944 / Roman Antiquities)
[2] KRONOS & RHEA (Eustathius on Homer 944 / Roman Antiq.)

ENCYCLOPEDIA

ENYA′LIUS (Enualios), the warlike, frequently occurs in the Iliad (never in the Odyssey) either as an epithet of Ares, or as a proper name instead of Ares. (xvii. 211, ii. 651, vii. 166, viii. 264, xiii. 519, xvii. 259, xviii. 309, xx. 69; comp. Pind. Ol. xiii. 102, Nem. ix. 37.) At a later time, however, Enyalius and Ares were distinguished as two different gods of war, and Enyalius was looked upon as a son of Ares and Enyo, or of Cronos and Rhea. (Aristoph. Pax, 457; Dionys. A. R. iii. 48; Eustath. ad Hom. p. 944.) The name is evidently derived from Enyo, though one tradition derived it from a Thracian Enyalius, who received into his house those only who conquered him in single combat, and for the same reason refused to receive Ares, but the latter slew him. (Eustath. ad Hom. p. 673.) The youths of Sparta sacrificed young dogs to Ares under the name of Enyalius (Paus. iii. 14. § 9), and near the temple of Hipposthenes, at Sparta, there stood the ancient fettered statue of Enyalius. (Paus. iii. 15, § 5; comp. Ares.) Dionysus, too, is said to have been surnamed Enyalius. (Macrob. Sat. i. 19.)

Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.


Aristophanes, Peace 453 ff (trans. O'Neill) (Greek comedy C5th to 4th B.C.) :
"[The heroes of this Greek comedy try to release Eirene (Peace) from the pit which the war-daimon Polemos has trapped her in:]
Trygaios: As for us, may Fortune favour us! Io! Paean, Io!
Chorus: Don't say Paian (Paean), but simply, Io.
Trygaios: Very well, then! Io! Io! I'll simply say, Io! To Hermes, the Kharites (Charites, Graces), the Horai (Seasons), Aphrodite, Eros (Love)! But, to Ares (War)?
Chorus: No! No!
Trygaios: Not to Enyalios [a reference to either another god of war or Ares]?
Chorus: No!
Trygaios: Come, all strain at the ropes to tear off the cover. Pull!"


Sources:

  • Aristophanes, Peace - Greek Comedy C5th-4th B.C.

Other references not currently quoted here: Eustathius on Homer 944; Dionysius of Halicarnassus Roman Antiquities 3.48