HESYKHIA was the spirit (daimona) of quiet, rest, silence and stillness. She was a daughter of Dike (Lady Justice). Her Roman equivalents were Quies (Quiet) and Silentia (Silence).
|DIKE (Pindar Pythian Ode 8)
HESY′CHIA (Hêsuchia), the personification of tranquillity and peace, is called a daughter of Dice, that is, Justice. (Pind. Ol. iv. 18, Pyth. viii. 1, Fragm. 228. p. 669, ed. Boeckh.)
Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.
Pindar, Pythian Ode 8. 1 ff (trans. Conway) (Greek lyric C5th B.C.) :
"Hesykhia (Hesychia, Tranquility), goddess of friendly intent, daughter of Dike (Justice), you who make cities great, holding the supreme keys of counsel and of wars."
Statius, Thebaid 10. 90 ff (trans. Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) :
"[In] the hollow recesses of a deep and rocky cave . . . [are] set the halls of lazy Somnus [Hypnos, Sleep] and his untroubled dwelling. The threshold is guarded by shady Quies [Hesykhia, Quiet] and dull Oblivio [Lethe, Forgetfulness] and torpid Ignavia (Sloth) with ever drowsy countenance. Otia (Ease) and Silentia [Hesykhia, Silence] with folded wings sit mute in the forecourt sand drive the blustering winds from the roof-top, and forbid the branches to sway, and take away their warblings from the birds. No roar of the sea is here, though all the shores be sounding, nor yet of the sky; the very torrent that runs down the deep valley nigh the cave is silent among the rocks and boulders."
Statius, Silvae 1. 6. 90 ff (trans. Mozley) (Roman poetry C1st A.D.) :
"The sky was ablaze with fire [during the celebration of the Saturnalia at Rome], and suffered not the reign of darkness: sluggish Quies [Hesykhia, Quiet] fled, and lazy Somnus [Hypnos, Sleep] betook himself to other cities at the sight."
Apuleius, The Golden Ass 11. 15 ff (trans. Walsh) (Roman novel C2nd A.D.) :
"Lucius, you have reached [in your spirit] the harbour of Quies [Hesykhia, Quiet] and the altar of Misericordia [Eleos, Mercy]."
- Pindar, Odes - Greek Lyric C5th B.C.
- Statius, Thebaid - Latin Epic C1st A.D.
- Statius, Silvae - Latin Poetry C1st A.D.
- Apuleius, The Golden Ass - Latin Novel C2nd A.D.