Web Theoi
AKRATOS
 
Greek Name Transliteration Latin Spelling Translation
Ακρατος Akratos Acratus Unmixed-Wine
(akratos)
Ακρατοποτης Akratopotês Acratopotes Drinking of Neat
Wine (akratopoteô)
Acratus | Greco-Roman mosaic from Zeugma | Gaziantep Museum
Acratus & Euphrosyne, Greco-Roman mosaic
from Zeugma, Gaziantep Museum

AKRATOS (or Acratus) was the god or spirit (daimon) of drinking unmixed wine. The Greeks usually drank their wine mixed with water, so Akratos was probably associated with festive excess. Akratos was one of the attendants of the god Dionysos, and a companion of Euphrosyne (Good Cheer).

PARENTS
Nowhere stated

Pausanias, Description of Greece 1. 2. 5 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"[In the shrine of Dionysos at Athens:] Here there are images of . . . Apollon . . . and Akratos, a daimon attendant upon Apollon; it is only a face of him worked into the wall."

Athenaeus, Deipnosophistae 39c - 39d (trans. Gullick) (Greek rhetorician C2nd to C3rd A.D.) :
"Polemos says that in Mounykhia [in Attika] honours are paid to a hero [or Daimon] Akratopotes (Drinker of Unmixed Wine), and that among the Spartans statues of heroes [or Daimones] named Matton (Kneader) and Keraon (Mixer) have been set up by certain cooks in the public mess."


Sources:

  • Pausanias, Description of Greece - Greek Travelogue C2nd A.D.
  • Athenaeus, Deipnosophistae - Greek Rhetoric C3rd A.D.

Other references not currently quoted here: KERAON & AKRATOPOTES Polemo Historicus 40