EUBOULEUS (or Eubulus) was the demi-god or hero of the sacred swine of the Eleusinian mysteries. He was probably also a demi-god of ploughing and the planting of the grain seed. His name was probably associated with the word bôlos, a clod of earth, and bôlostropheô, to turn up clods in ploughing. A more natural reading of the name, however, is "the good-counsellor" after the Greek euboulos.
Eubouleus appears in two seperate regional myths. In the Cretan myth he is a son of the grain goddess Demeter and her consort, the harvest Daimon Karmanor. In the Eleusinian and Argive myths he was a swine-herd, and a brother of Triptolemos, the hero who first instructed man in agriculture, whose animals were swallowed up by the earth when Haides seized Persephone. Eubouleus was occassionally depicted in classical art, amongst the Eleusinian companions of the goddess Demeter, in the guise of a youth holding the Eleusinian torch.
Eubouleus was identified with various gods, including Iakkhos, the daimon leader of the Eleusinian procession, Dionysos, and Plouton (Haides). As a son of Demeter, he was perhaps identified with Bootes or Ploutos.
| TROKHILOS & ELEUSIS (Pausanias 1.14.2)
DYSAULES (Orphic Frag, Pausanias 1.14.3)
KARMANOR (Pausanias 2.30.3)
DEMETER (Diodorus Siculus 5.76.3)
| KARME (Pausanias 2.30.2, Diodorus Siculus 5.76.3)
EUBU′LEUS (Eubouleus).1. According to an Argive tradition, a son of Trochilus by an Eleusinian woman, and brother of Triptolemus; whereas, according to the Orphici, Eubuleus and Triptolemus were sons of Dysaules. (Paus. i. 14. § 2.) 2. One of the Tritopatores at Athens. (Cic. de Nat. Deor. iii. 21.) 3. Eubuleus occurs also as a surname of several divinities, and describes them as gods of good counsel, such as Hades and Dionysus. (Schol. ad Nicand. Alex. 14; Orph. Hymn. 71. 3; Macrob. Sat. i. 18; Plut. Sympos. vii. 9.)
EUBU′LUS (Euboulos), a son of Carmanor and father of Carme. (Paus. ii. 30. § 3.) This name likewise occurs as a surname of several divinities who were regarded as the authors of good counsel, or as well-disposed; though when applied to Hades, it is, like Eubuleus, a mere euphemism. (Orph. Hymn. 17. 12, 29. 6, 55. 3.)
Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.
THE ELEUSINIAN EUBOULEUS
Pausanias, Description of Greece 1. 14. 2 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"It is said, then, that when Demeter came to Argos she was received by Pelasgos into his home, and that Khrysanthis (Chrysanthis), knowing about the rape of Kore, related the story to her. Afterwards Trokhilos (Trochilus), the priest of the mysteries, fled, they say, from Argos because of the enmity of Agenor, came to Attika and married a woman of Eleusis, by whom he had two children Eubouleus (Eubulus) and Triptolemos. That is the account given by the Argives."
Pausanias, Description of Greece 1. 14. 3 :
"Those [verses] ascribed to Orpheus [i.e. the Orphic Rhapsodies] . . . say that Eubouleus (Eubulus) and Triptolemos were sons of Dysaules, and that because they gave Demeter information about her daughter the sowing of seed was her reward to them."
Orphic Hymn 42 to Misa (trans. Taylor) (Greek hymns C3rd B.C. to 2nd A.D.) :
"I call Thesmophoros [Iakkhos, Iacchus], Dionysos spermatic god, Eubouleos (Eubulus) of various names, who bears the leafy rod."
THE CRETAN EUBOULEUS
Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 5. 76. 3 (trans. Oldfather) (Greek historian C1st B.C.) :
"Britomartis, who is also called Diktynna (Dictynna), the myths relate, was born at Kaino (Caeno) in Krete (Crete) of Zeus and Karme (Carme), the daughter of Euboulos (Eubulus) who was the son of Demeter."
Pausanias, Description of Greece 2. 20. 3 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"The Kretans (Cretans) say the story of Aphaia [Britomartis] is Kretan, that Karmanor (Carmanor), who purified Apollon after he killed Pytho, was the father of Euboulos (Eubulus), and that the daughter of Zeus and of Karme (Carme), the daughter of Euboulos, was Britomartis."
- Diodorus Siculus, The Library of History - Greek History C1st B.C.
- Pausanias, Description of Greece - Greek Travelogue C2nd A.D.
- The Orphic Hymns - Greek Hymns C3rd B.C. - C2nd A.D.