Greek Name Transliteration Latin Spelling Translation
Κεραων Keraôn Ceraon Mixing (keraô)
Ματτων Mattôn Matton Kneading (mattô)
Δειπνευς Deipneus Deipneus Making a Meal

MATTON and KERAON (or Ceraon) were Spartan demi-gods of the meal. Keraon was the mixer of wine, and Matton the kneader of dough. DEIPNEUS was the Akhaian demi-god of the preparation of meals, or perhaps more specifically, of the cooking of bread.

Nowhere stated

Athenaeus, Deipnosophistae 1. 39c - 39d (trans. Gullick) (Greek rhetorician C2nd to C3rd A.D.) :
"Polemos says that in Mounykhia (Munychia) honours are paid to a hero Akratopotes (Drinker of Unmixed Wine), and that among the Spartans statues of heroes named Matton (Kneader) and Keraon (Ceraon) (Mixer) have been set up by certain cooks in the public mess. In Akhaia (Achaea), also, Deipneus, who got his name from deipna (Dinners), is held in honour."

Aelian, Historical Miscellany 14. 7 (trans. Wilson) (Greek rhetorician C2nd to 3rd A.D.) :
"Spartan cooks were expected to know about meat only; anyone with other skills was banished from Sparta."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 274 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Inventors and their Inventions . . . A certain man named Cerasus mixed wine with the river Achelous in Aetolia, and from this ‘to mix’ is called kerasai."


  • Athenaeus, Deipnosophistae - Greek Rhetoric C3rd A.D.
  • Aelian, Historical Miscellany - Greek Rhetoric C2nd-3rd A.D.
  • Hyginus, Fabulae - Latin Mythography C2nd A.D.

Other references to Keraon not currently quoted here: Polemo Historicus 40