Greek Name Transliteration Latin Spelling Translation
Αγρευς Agreus Agreus Of the Hunt (agreus)
Νομιος Nomios Nomius Of Pastures (nomios)
Φορβας Phorbas Phorbas Of the Grazing
AGREUS, NOMIOS and PHORBAS were a trio of Panes--goat-legged daimones (spirits) of the mountain wilds.

Agreus ("the Hunter"), Nomios ("of the Pastures") and Phorbas ("of the Grazing" or "the Frightener") were really just aspects of the god Pan. Pan Nomios, the son of Hermes and Penelope, was the god's most familiar form. The first two names were also titles of the rustic god Aristaios in northern Greece.

HERMES & PENELOPEIA (Nonnus Dionysiaca 14.67)
HERMES & SOSE (Nonnus Dionysiaca 14.67)
Presumably HERMES, though nowhere stated

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 14. 67 ff (trans. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) :
"[Rheia summons rustic spirits to the army of Dionysos for war against the Indians:]
The rockdwellers came also from their self-vaulted caves, bearing all the name of Pan . . . all armed to join the host; they have human form, and a shaggy goat's head upon it with horns. Twelve horned Panes there were, with this changeling shape and hornbearing head, who were begotten of the one ancestral Pan their mountainranging father . . . With these were two other Panes, the sons of Hermes, who divided his love between two Nymphai; for one he visited the bed of Sose, the highland prophetess, and begat a son inspired with the divine voice of prophecy, Agreus, well versed in the beast-slaying sport of the hunt; the other was Nomios, whom the pasturing sheep loved well, one practised in the shepherd's pipe, for whom Hermes sought the bed of Penelope the country Nymphe. Along with these came Phorbas (Fear) to join their march, savage and insatiate."

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 24. 77 ff :
"[When the Indian River Hydaspes tried to drown the army of Dionysos:] Hermes Longwing caught up and held his own child, the son of Penelope, hornstrong hairy Pan."

The Panes | Greek vase painting
The Panes | Greek vase painting


  • Nonnos, Dionysiaca - Greek Epic C5th A.D.