THE ALKYONIDES (or Alcyonides) were seven nymph daughters of Alkyoneus, the King of the Giants. When Herakles slew their father, they cast themselves into the sea and were transformed by Amphitrite into kingfishers.
|ALKYONEUS (Hegesande Memoirs Frag, Suidas s.v. Alkyonides)
|PHOSTHONIA, ANTHE, METHONE, ALKIPPA, PALLENE, DRIMO, ASTERIE (Hegesande Memoirs Frag, Suidas s.v. Alkyonides)
ALCYO′NIDES (Alkuonides), the daughters of the giant Alcyoneus. After their father's death, they threw themselves into the sea, and were changed into ice-birds. Their names are Phthonia, Anthe, Methone, Alcippe, Pallene, Drimo, and Asteria. (Eustath. ad Hom. p. 776 ; Suidas, s. v. Alkuonides.)
Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.
Suidas s.v. Alkyonides (trans. Suda On Line) (Byzantine Greek lexicon C10th A.D.) :
"Alkyonides emerai: Days of fine weather. People differ on their number. For Simonides [Greek poet C6th to 5th B.C.] in Pentathla says they are eleven, as does Aristotle [Greek writer C4th B.C.] in the History of Animals, but Demagoras of Samos [says] seven, and Philochorus nine. Hegesande tells the myth about them in his Memoirs as follows. They were the daughters of the giant Alkyoneus (Alcyoneus): Phosthonia, Anthe, Methone, Alkippa, Pallene, Drimo, Asterie. After the death of their father they threw themselves into the sea from Kanastraion (Canastraeum), which is the peak of Pellene, but Amphitrite made them birds, and they were called Alkyones from their father. Windless days with a calm sea are called Alkyonides [i.e. Halcyon-days]."
Suidas s.v. Alkippa :
"Alkippa: One of the Alkyonides. Look also under Alkyonides."
Suidas s.v. Anthe :
"Anthe: One of the Alkyonides. Search also under Alkyonides."
Suidas s.v. Asterie :
"Asterie (Starry): One of the Alkyonides. Look also in [the entry on] Alkyonides."
Suidas s.v. Drimo :
"Drimo: One of the Alkyonides. See under Alkyonides."
Suidas s.v. Methone :
"Methone: The city [of that name]. [Also] one of the Alkyonides. Demosthenes in [the] Philippics would seem to be speaking of the one in Thrake, during his siege of which Philip lost his right eye."
Suidas s.v. Pallene :
"Pallene: One of the Alkyonides. See under Alkyonides."
Suidas s.v. Phosthonia :
"Phosthonia: Name of one of the Alkyonides. See under Alkyonides."
Flower (anthos) *
||Of Methone (town)
||Of Pallene (penins.)
||Starry (astêr) *
* Anthê and Asteriê may have been associated with the towns Anthemous and Assera in the Thrakian Khalkidike. Their sisters Pallene and Methone were both named after places in the region.
- Suidas - Byzantine Greek Lexicon C10th A.D.
Other references not currently quoted here : Eustathius on Homer's Odyssey 776