Web Theoi
ASTERIONIDES
 
Greek Name Transliteration Latin Spelling Translation
Νυμφαι
Αστεριωνιδες
Nymphai
Asteriônides
Nymphae
Asterionides
Nymphs of the
River Asterion

THE ASTERIONIDES were Naiad Nymphs of the River Asterion in Argos (southern Greece). They were nurses of the goddess Hera in her infancy.

PARENTS
ASTERION (Pausanias 2.17.1)
NAMES
EUBOIA, PROSYMNA, AKRAIA (Pausanias 2.17.1)

ENCYCLOPEDIA

ACRAEA (Akraia). A daughter of the river-god Asterion near Mycenae, who together with her sisters Euboea and Prosymna acted as nurses to Hera. A hill Acraea opposite the temple of Hera near Mycenae derived its name from her. (Paus. ii. 17. § 2.)

Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.


Pausanias, Description of Greece 2. 17. 1-2 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"Fifteen stades distant from Mykenai (Mycenae) is on the left the Heraion (Temple of Hera). Beside the road flows the brook called Water of Freedom (Hydros Eleutherion). The priestesses use it in purifications and for such sacrifices as are secret. The sanctuary [of Hera] itself is on a lower part of Euboia. Euboia is the name they give to the hill here, saying that Asterion the river had three daughters, Euboia, Prosymna, and Akraia, and that they were nurses of Hera. The hill opposite the Heraion they name after Akraia, the environs of the sanctuary they name after Euboia, and the land beneath the Heraion after Prosymna. This Asterion flows above the Heraion, and falling into a cleft disappears. On its banks grows a plant, which also is called asterion. They offer the plant itself to Hera, and from its leaves weave her garlands."

Greek Name Transliteration Latin Spelling Translation
Ακραια Akraia Acraea Of the Heights
(akraios)
Προσυμνα Prosymna Prosymna Celebrate in Song
(prosymneô)
Ευβοια Euboia Euboea Well-Cattled
(eu, bous)

Sources:

  • Pausanias, Guide to Greece - Greek Geography C2nd AD