Greek Name Transliteration Latin Spelling Translation
Νυμφαι Ιναχιδεσ Nymphai Inakhides Nymphae Inachides Nymphs of the
River Inachus

THE INAKHIDES (or Inachides) were Naiad Nymphs of the springs and streams of Argolis (southern Greece).

[1] INAKHOS (Plato Republic 381d, Ovid Metamorphoses 1.639)

[1.1] IO , HER SISTERS (Ovid Metamorphoses 1.590)
[1.2] IO, AMYMONE, MESSEIS, HYPERIA (Valerius Flaccus 4.374)

Plato, Republic 381d (trans. Shorey) (Greek philosopher C4th B.C.) :
"[From Plato's critique of the portrayal of the gods by the poets:] No poet then my good friend, must be allowed . . . in any tragedy or in other poems bring in Hera disguised as a priestess collecting alms ‘for the life-giving children of Inakhos, the Argive stream.’ [Quoting the lost Xantriae of Aeschylus.]" [N.B. The children of Inakhos are the Naiades.]

Ovid, Metamorphoses 1. 639 ff (trans. Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. to C1st A.D.) :
"[The Naiad Io is transformed by Zeus into a cow to hide her from a jealous Hera:] She reached her father’s [Inakhos'] river and the banks where often she had played and, in the water, mirrored she saw her muzzle and her horns, and fled in terror from the self she saw. The Naides did not know--not even her father [Inakhos] knew who she was, but she, disconsolate, followed her sisters, followed her father, let them stroke her, offered herself to be admired."


  • Plato, Republic - Greek Philosophy C4th B.C.
  • Ovid, Metamorphoses - Latin Epic C1st BC - C1st AD