THE KYDNIDES (or Cydnides) were Naiad Nymphs of the River Kydnos (Cydnus) in Kilikia (Cilicia) (south-eastern Anatolia). They joined the god Dionysos in his campaign against the Indians.
|KYDNOS (Nonnus Dionysiaca 24.102)
Nonnus, Dionysiaca 24. 102 ff (trans. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) :
"[When the Indian river Hydaspes tried drowning the army of the god Dionysos:] The company of Bassarides [the god's female devotees] and the ivycrowned women were saved from the roaring turmoil of the deeps, by the daughters of Kydnos (Cydnus), the River that loved Zephryos (the West Wind), since they knew the ways of the floating waters; these his father had given to Bakkhos for victory in the Indian War, Naiades well skilled in warfare, whom Kilikian (Cilician) Typhoeus had taught battle while he was fighting against Kronion [Zeus]."
Nonnus, Dionysiaca 24. 123 ff :
"The Hydriades (Water-Nymphs) of plantloving Dionysos [daughters of the rivers Kydnos and Lamos] mingled with the Hamadryades of the trees."
- Nonnos, Dionysiaca - Greek Epic C5th AD