Greek Name Transliteration Latin Spelling Translation
Νυμφαι Ρυνδακιδες
Ναιαδες Ρυνδακιδες
Nymphai Naiades
Nymphae Naïdes
Nymphs of the
River Rhyndacus
THE RHYNDAKIDES (or Rhyndacides) were Naiad Nymphs of the springs of the River Rhyndakos and Mount Didymos in eastern Mysia (a region of north-western Anatolia)

The god Dionysos turned their waters to wine in order seduce the Nymphe Nikaia.

Presumably daughters of the River RHYNDAKOS

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 15. 370 ff (trans. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) :
"The Nymphe of the mountain [Asian Olympos or Didymos] was sore offended at manslaying Nikaia [a Nymphe who slew the shepherd who loved her with an arrow], and lamented over the body of Hymnos; in her watery hall the girl [Naias] of [the river] Rhyndakos groaned, carried along barefoot by the water; the Naiades wept . . . in the heights of Didymos, gathering near the woods, the Astakides [Nymphai of Astakos] upbraided the Nymphe [Nikaia] of Kybele with her ways, singing the dirge."

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 16. 345 ff :
"She [Nikaia upon awakening from a sleep in which she was raped by Dionysos] heard still the remnants of the Naiades' nuptial song."

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 16. 356 ff :
"[Nikaia cries out after being seduced in drunken sleep by Dionysos:] ‘Alas for maidenhead, stolen by that vagabond Bakkhos! A curse on that deceitful water of the Hydriades [Naiades] [whose fountain Dionysos had turned to wine] . . .’
She thought to destroy the nuptial fountain of which she had drunk, but already the stream had got rid of its Bakkhic juice, and bubbled out clear water, no longer the liquid of Lyaios. Then she besought Kronides [Zeus] and Artemis to fill the Naiades' grottoes with dust and thirsty soil."


  • Nonnos, Dionysiaca - Greek Epic C5th AD