Web Theoi
NYMPHAI THEMEIDES
 
Greek Name Transliteration Latin Spelling Translation
Νυμφαι Θεμειδες Nymphai Themeides Nymphae Themeides Nymphs Daughters
of Themis

THE THEMEIDES were three Nymph daughters of the goddess Themis who had in their keeping certain artifacts of the gods.

They may have been goddesses of the shrine of Dodona, divine counterparts of the three Peleiades, prophetic priestesses of the oracle. Their mother Themis also possessed a temple at the shrine.

The Themeides appear to have been variously identified with the Horai, goddesses of the three seasons, the Dodonides of the Dodona shrine, as well as with the prophetic Thriai of Mount Parnassos, the Nymphai Hesperiai of the River Eridanos, and the Hesperides.

PARENTS
ZEUS & THEMIS (Apollodorus 2.114)

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 2. 38-39 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Perseus said he would return them [the eye and tooth of Graiai hags] after they had directed him to the Nymphai. These Nymphai had in their possession winged sandals and the kibisis, which they say was a knapsack . . . They [the Nymphai] also had the helmet of Haides. When the [Graiai] daughters of Phorkys had led Perseus to the Nymphai, he returned them their tooth and eye.
Approaching the Nymphai he received what he had come for, and he flung on the kibisis, tied the sandals on his ankles, and placed the helmet on his head. With the helmet on he could see whomever he cared to look at, but was invisible to others."

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 2. 46 :
"[Perseus] gave the sandals, kibisis, and helmet back to Hermes, and the Gorgon's [Medousa's] head to Athena. Hermes returned the aforementioned articles the the Nymphai."

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 2. 114 :
"Herakles continued by foot through the Illyrians' land and hurried on to the Eridanos river where he found the Nymphai who were daughters of Zeus and Themis. They showed him Nereus."


T8.3 NYMPHAI,
THEMIS
     

Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 4. 128 ff (trans. Way) (Greek epic C4th A.D.) :
"Singing of Peleus' Bridal of Delight [the wedding of Peleus and Thetis], which all the blest Immortals brought to pass by Pelion's crests; sang of the ambrosial feast when the swift Horai (Seasons) brought in immortal hands meats not of earth, and heaped in golden maunds; sang how the silver tables were set forth in haste by Themis blithely laughing; sang how breathed Hephaistos purest flame of fire; sang how the Nymphai in golden chalices mingled ambrosia."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 3. 17. 3 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"[In bronze at the temple of Athene in Sparta in Lakonia:] There are also represented Nymphai bestowing upon Perseus, who is starting on his enterprise against Medousa in Libya, a cap and the shoes by which he was carried through the air."


Sources:

  • Apollodorus, The Library - Greek Mythography C2nd BC
  • Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy - Greek Epic C4th AD
  • Pausanias, Guide to Greece - Greek Geography C2nd AD