Web Theoi
EPHYRA
 
Greek Name Transliteration Latin Spelling Translation
Εφυρα Ephyra Ephyria Of the Town Ephyra,
Fiery (pyrha)

EPHYRA was the eponymous Nymph of the town of Ephyraia (Corinth) on the Isthmos (southern Greece).

She was described as either a wife or daughter of the Titan Epimetheus. As his wife, she was probably one of the Okeanides, a fresh-water Naiad representing the town's water supply.

PARENTS
[1] OKEANOS & TETHYS (Simonides Frag 596; Pausanias 2.1.1, Hyginus Fabulae 275)
[2] EPIMETHEOS (Simonides Frag 596)
[3] MYRMEX (Other references)

ENCYCLOPEDIA

E′PHYRA (Ephura), a daughter of Oceanus, from whom Ephyraea, the ancient name of Corinth was derived. (Paus. ii. 1. § 1; Virg. Georg. iv. 343.)

Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.


Simonides, Fragment 596 (from Scholiast on Apollonius of Rhodes) (trans. Campbell, Vol. Greek Lyric III) (C6th to 5th B.C.) :
"Ephyra is Korinthos (Corinth), named after Ephyra, daughter of Epimetheos; but Simonides makes her daughter of Okeanos and Tethys, and wife of Epimetheos."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 2. 1. 1 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"Eumelos . . . says in his Korinthian History . . . that Ephyra, the daughter of Okeanos, dwelt first in this land [Korinthos, Corinth]."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 275 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"The Nympha Ephyre, daughter of Oceanus, [founded] Ephyre, which later they called Corinth."


Sources:

  • Greek Lyric III Simonides, Fragments - Greek Lyric C6th-5th BC
  • Pausanias, Guide to Greece - Greek Geography C2nd AD
  • Hyginus, Fabulae - Latin Mythography C2nd AD

Other references not currently quoted here: Virgil Georgics 4.343