EUPHEME was a Nymph of Mount Helikon (Helicon) in Boiotia (central Greece) who nursed the goddess Mousai (Muses). She was loved by the god Pan and bore him a son named Krotos who became a close companion of the nine goddesses.
Eupheme "the well-spoken" was probably the Naiad Nymphe of the Helikonian spring, whose waters were believed to inspire poets. She may have been identified with Aganippe.
|Perhaps a daughter of the River TERMESSOS
|KROTOS (by Pan) (Sositheus Frag, Eratosthenes, Hyginus Fabulae 224, Hyginus Astronomica 2.27)
EUPHE′ME (Euphêmê), the nurse of the Muses, of whom there was a statue in the grove of the Muses near Helicon. (Paus. ix. 29. § 3.)
Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.
Pausanias, Description of Greece 9. 29. 5 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"As you go along the straight road to the grove [of the Mousai (Muses) on Mt Helikon in Boiotia] is a portrait of Eupheme carved in relief on a stone. She was, they say, the nurse of the Mousai (Muses)."
Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 224 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Mortals who were made immortal . . . Crotos, son of Pan and Eupheme."
Pseudo-Hyginus, Astronomica 2. 27 :
"Crotus, son of Eupheme, nurse of the Musae (Muses). As Sositheus [C3rd B.C.], writer of tragedies, says, he had his home on Mount Helicon and took his pleasure in the company of the Musae."
- Pausanias, Guide to Greece - Greek Geography C2nd AD
- Hyginus, Fabulae - Latin Mythography C2nd AD
- Hyginus, Astronomica - Latin Mythography C2nd AD
Other references not currently quoted here: Eratosthenes, Manilus Astronomica 2.433