Web Theoi
MELIA
 
Greek Name Transliteration Latin Spelling Translation
Μελια Μελιη Melia, Meliê Melia Sweet, Honey (meli)
Αργια Argia Argia Of the Town Argos

MELIA was the Okeanis Nymph ancestress of the royal families of Argos, Sikyon and Thebes.

She was probably the Naiad of the Ismenian Spring of Thebes in Boiotia. By her brother Inakhos, god of the Argive River of the same name, she had two sons: Phoroneus, the first king of Argos and the southern Peloponesse, and Aigialeus first king of Boiotia and the northern Peloponnese (Akhaia, Sikyon and Korinthos). Their descendants (through Io) returned to Greece from the Egypt and Phoenicia after the Great Deluge, Danaus founding the city of Argos in the Peloponnese, and Kadmos the city of Thebes in Boiotia.

Melia, in her role as the Nymphe of the Ismenian Spring of Thebes, appears in a different guise as Melia, a Nymphe loved by Apollon, and Ismene.

PARENTS

[1.1] OKEANOS (Apollodorus 2.1, (Hyginus Fab 143)

OFFSPRING
[1.1] PHORONEUS, AIGIALEUS (by Inakhos) (Apollodorus 2.1)
[1.2] PHORONEUS, IO (by Inakhos) (Hyginus Fabulae 143 & 145)

ENCYCLOPEDIA

ME′LIA (Melia), a nymph, a daughter of Oceanus, became by Inachus the mother of Phoroneus and Aegialeus or Pegeus. (Apollod. ii. 1. § 1; Schol. ad Eurip. Orest. 920.)

ARGEIA (Argeia). Argeia also occurs as the name of several mythical personages, as the wife of Inachus and mother of Io. (Hygin. Fab. 145; comp. Apollod. ii. 1. § 3.)

Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.


Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 2. 1 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"By Melia, daughter of Okeanos, he [Inakhos] had sons named Phoroneus and Aegialeus."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 143 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Inachus, son of Oceanus, begat Phoroneus by his sister Argia."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 145 :
"From Inachus and Argia, Io."


Sources:

  • Apollodorus, The Library - Greek Mythography C2nd BC
  • Hyginus, Fabulae - Latin Mythography C2nd AD