Web Theoi
MELIBOIA
 
Greek Name Transliteration Latin Spelling Translation
Μελιβοια
Μελιβοιη
Meliboia
Meliboiê
Meliboea Sweet-Cow, Of Fine-
Cattle (meli, bous)

MELIBOIA (or Meliboea) was an Okeanid Nymph of the region of Mounts Kyllene (Cyllene0 in Arkadia (southern Greece). She was the wife of King Pelasgos, the eponymous first king of the aboriginal Pelasgian tribes of Arkadia.

Her name means something like "sweet cow", women often being compared favourably with cows in ancient Greece. Meliboia was perhaps the same as Kyllene, the wife of Lykaon in other sources.

PARENTS
OKEANOS (Apollodorus 3.96)
OFFSPRING
LYKAON (by Pelasgos) (Apollodorus 3.96)

ENCYCLOPEDIA

MELIBOEA (Meliboia.) A daughter of Oceanus, and, by Pelasgus, the mother of Lycaon. (Apollod. iii. 8. § I.)

Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.


Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3. 96 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Pelasgos and Okeanos' daughter Meliboia, or, according to others, a Nymphe named Kyllene (Cyllene), had a son Lykaon (Wolf), who ruled over the Arkadians."


Sources:

  • Apollodorus, The Library - Greek Mythography C2nd BC