Web Theoi
MYKENE
 
Greek Name Transliteration Latin Spelling Translation
Μυκηνη Mykênê Mycene Of the Town Mycene

MYKENE (or Mycene) was the Naiad Nymph of the spring, well or fountain of the town of Mykenai (Mycenae) in Argos. She was a daughter of the local river-god Inakhos (Inachus).

PARENTS

INAKHOS (Hesiod Great Eoiae Frag, Pausanias 2.16.4)

OFFSPRING

ARGOS PANOPTES (by Arestor) (combined Apollodorus 2.4 & Pausanias 2.16.4)

ENCYCLOPEDIA

MYCE′NE (Mukênê), a daughter of Inachus and wife of Arestor, from whom the town of Mycenae or Mycene was believed to have derived its name. (Hom. Od. ii. 120; Paus. ii. 16. § 3.)

Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.


Homer, Odyssey 2. 120 ff (trans. Shewring) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) :
"Ladies of older times--the Akhaian (Achaean) ladies of braided tresses like Tyro and Alkmene and garlanded Mykene (Mycene)."

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 2. 4 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Argos Panoptes . . . Pherekydes says that this one was Arestor's son."
[N.B. See Pausanias below, where Arestor's wife is named as Mykene.]

Pausanias, Description of Greece 2. 16. 4 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"Homer in the Odyssey mentions a woman Mykene (Mycene) [after whom Mykenai (Mycenae) was named] in the following verse:--‘Tyro and Alkmene and the fair-crowned lady Mykene.’
She is said to have been the daughter of Inakhos (Inachus) and the wife of Arestor in the poem which the Greeks call the Great Eoiai [of Hesiod]. So they say that this lady has given her name to the city."


Sources:

  • Homer, The Odyssey - Greek Epic C9th-8th BC
  • Apollodorus, The Library - Greek Mythography C2nd BC
  • Pausanias, Guide to Greece - Greek Geography C2nd AD