Web Theoi
PRAXITHEA
 
Greek Name Transliteration Latin Spelling Translation
Πραξιθεα Praxithea Praxithea Commerce-Goddess,
Exacting-Goddess
(praxis, thea)

PRAXITHEA was the Naiad Nymph of a spring, well or fountain of the town of Athens (possibly the one by the market). She was the wife of the early Athenian king Erekhtheus.

Her name was derived from the words praxis, meaning either business transaction or the exacting of something, and thea, goddess. She may be connected with the Athenian goddesses Praxidikai.

PARENTS
[1.1] PHRASIMOS & DIOGENEIA (Apollodorus 3.196)
OFFSPRING
[1.1] PANDION (by Erikhthonios) (Apollodorus 3.190)
[2.1] KEKROPS, PANDOROS, METION, PROKRIS, KREOUSA, KHTHONIA, OREITHYIA (by Erekhtheus) (Apollodorus 3.196)

ENCYCLOPEDIA

PRAXI′THEA (Praxithea). A daughter of Phrasimus and Diogeneia, was the wife of Erechtheus, and mother of Cecrops, Pandorus, Metion, Orneus, Procris, Creusa, Chthonia, and Oreithyia. (Apollod. iii. 15. § 1.) Some call her a daughter of Cephissus. (Lycurg. c. Leocrat. 98.)

PASI′THEA (Pasithea). A Naiad, the wife of Erichthonius and mother of Pandion. (Apollod. iii. 14. § 6; comp. iii. 15. § 1, where she is called Praxithea.)

Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.


Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3. 190 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"[Erikhthonios (Erichthonius) of Athens] married a Naias Nymphe named Praxithea, and with her had a son Pandion."

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3. 196 :
"Erekhtheus (Erechtheus) [King of Athens] married Praxithea, daughter of Phrasimos and [the river] Kephisos' (Cephisus') daughter Diogeneia, and had sons named Kekrops (Cecrops), Pandoros, and Metion, and daughters named Prokris, Kreusa (Creusa), Khthonia (Chthonia), and Oreithyia, whom Boreas (the North Wind) kidnapped."


Sources:

  • Apollodorus, The Library - Greek Mythography C2nd BC