Web Theoi
PRONOIA
 
Greek Name Transliteration Latin Spelling Translation
Προνοια Pronoia Pronoea Foresight (pronoia)
Ἡσιονη Hêsionê Hesione Knowing (hêso)

PRONOIA (or Pronoea) was an Okeanid nymph of Mount Parnassos in Phokis (central Greece). She was the wife of the Titan Prometheus and, as her name suggests, the goddess of foresight. Prometheus' wife was also named Hesione and Asia.

Pronoia was closely identified with the goddess Athena who, according to several ancient writers, was worshipped as Athena Pronoia at Delphoi. As an Okeanid she also resembles Athena's mother Metis.

PARENTS
OKEANOS & TETHYS (Aeschylus Prometheus Bound 555)
OFFSPRING
DEUKALION (by Prometheus) (Hesiod Catalogues Frag 1, Tzetzes on Lycophron 1283; Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius 3.1086)

Hesiod, Catalogues of Women Fragment 1 (from Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius 3. 1086) (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or 7th B.C.) :
"That Deukalion (Deucalion) was the son of Prometheus and Pronoia (Pronoea), Hesiod states in the first Catalogue, as also that Hellen was the son of Deukalion and Pyrrha."

Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound 555 ff (trans. Weir Smyth) (Greek tragedy C5th B.C.) :
"[The Okeanides address Prometheus:] This song and that, which, about your bridal bed and bath, I raised to grace your marriage, when you wooed with gifts and won my sister Hesione to be your wedded wife."


Sources:

  • Hesiod, Catalogues of Women - Greek Epic C8th-7th B.C.
  • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound - Greek Tragedy C5th B.C.