||Of the Town Sparta
SPARTE was the Naiad Nymph of the main spring, well or fountain of the town of Sparta in Lakedaimonia (Lacedaemonia) (southern Greece). She was a daughter of the river Eurotas, and wife of the country's eponymous king Lakedaimon.
|EUROTAS (Apollodorus 3.116, Pausanias 8.25.2)
|AMYKLAS, EURYDIKE (by Lakedaimon) (Apollodorus 3.116)
SPARTA (Sparta), a daughter of Eurotas by Clete, and wife of Lacedaemon, by whom she became the mother of Amyclas and Eurydice. (Apollod. iii. 10. § 3). From her the city of Sparta was believed to have derived its name (Paus. iii. 1. § 3; Schol. Eurip. Orest. 615). She was represented on a tripod at Amyclae. (Paus. iii. 18. § 5).
Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.
Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3. 116 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Lakedaimon (Lacedaemon and Sparte (Sparta), a daughter of Eurotas--a son of autochthonous Lelex and a Naias Nymphe named Kleokhareia (Cleocharia)--were parents of Amyklas (Amyclas) and a daughter Eurydike (Eurydice) whom Akrisios (Acrisius) married."
Pausanias, Description of Greece 3. 1. 2 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"Lakedaimon (Lacedaemon) was wedded to Sparta, a daughter of Eurotas. When he came to the throne, he first changed the name of the land and its inhabitants, calling them after himself, and next he founded and named after his wife a city, which even down to our day has been called Sparta."
- Apollodorus, The Library - Greek Mythography C2nd BC
- Pausanias, Guide to Greece - Greek Geography C2nd AD