Web Theoi
Greek Name Transliteration Latin Spelling Translation
Long-. Giant-Headed
(makros, kephalê)

THE MAKROKEPHALOI (or Macrocephali) were a tribe of long-headed African or Indian men.

Human tribe descended from EPAPHOS & GAIA (Hesiod Catalogues of Women Frag 40A)

Hesiod, Catalogues of Women Fragment 44 (from Strabo, Geography 1. 13) (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek Epic C8th or C7th B.C.) :
"No one would accuse Hesiod of ignorance though he speaks of the Hemikunes (Half-Dog people) and the Makrokephaloi (Macrocephali) (Great-Headed people) and the Pygmaioi (Pygmies)."

Philostratus, Life of Apollonius of Tyana 3. 45-47 (trans. Conybeare) (Greek biographer C1st to C2nd A.D.) :
"[The C1st A.D. prophet Apollonios of Tyana asked the Indian sage Iarkhos] about the Men who live Underground (anthropoi hypogen) and the Pygmaioi (Pygmies) also and the Skiapodes (Sciapods) (Shadow-foots); and larkhas answered his questions thus: ‘. . . As to men that are Skiapodes (Shadow-foots) or Makrokephaloi (Macrocephali) (Long-heads), and as to the other poetical fancies which the treatise of Skylax recounts about them, he said that they didn't live anywhere on the earth, and least of all in India.’"


  • Hesiod, Catalogues of Women - Greek Epic C8th-7th B.C.
  • Philostratus, Life of Apollonius of Tyana - Greek Biography C2nd A.D.