THE MELANOKHROTOI were a tribe of black-skinned men who dwelt in the lands south of Egypt, west of the Nile (i.e. modern-day Sudan). Their king had a single eye set in the middle of his forehead. He was probably a black Kyklops (Cyclops), similar to the creature encountered by Odysseus.
|Human tribe descended from EPAPHOS & GAIA (Hesiod Catalogues Frag 40A)
Hesiod, Catalogues of Women Frag 40A (from the Oxyrhynchus Papyri 1358) (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or 7th B.C.) :
"The tribes of the boundless Melanokhrotoi (Melanochroti) (Black-Skins) and the Libyes (Libyans). Huge Gaia (the Earth) bare these to Epaphos . . . Aithiopes (Ethiopians) and Libyes (Libyans)."
Pliny the Elder, Natural History 6. 195 (trans. Rackham) (Roman encyclopedia C1st A.D.) :
"Then come regions [in Africa] that are purely imaginary: towards the west [of Ethiopian Meroe] are the Nigri, whose king is said to have only one eye, in his forehead."
- Hesiod, Catalogues of Women - Greek Epic C8th-7th B.C.
- Pliny the Elder, Natural History - Latin Encyclopedia C1st A.D.