AIGAIOS (or Aegaeus) was the god of sea storms, and an ally of the Titan gods. The Aegean Sea was named for him (Pontos Aigaios). He was sometimes identified with his son Briareus and the monster Typhoeus.
AEGAEON (Aigaiôn) The Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius (i. 1165) represents Aegaeon as a son of Gaea and Pontus and as living as a marine god in the Aegean sea. Ovid (Met. ii. 10) and Philostratus (Vit. Apollon. iv. 6) like-wise regard him as a marine god.
Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.
Homer, Iliad 1. 397 ff (trans. Lattimore) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) :
"The creature of the hundred hands to tall Olympos, that creature the gods name Briareos, but all men Aigaios' (Aegaeus') son, but he is far greater in strength than his father."
Eumelus of Corinth or Arctinus of Miletus, Titanomachia Fragment 3 (from Scholiast on Apollonios Rhodius 1. 1165) (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or 7th B.C.) :
"Aigaion (Aegaeon) was the son of Gaia (the Earth) and Pontos (the Sea) and, having his dwelling in the sea, was an ally of the Titanes (Titans)."
Ion of Chios, Fragment 741 (from Scholiast on Apollonius of Rhodes) (trans. Campbell, Vol. Greek Lyric IV) (Greek lyric C5th B.C.)
"Ion says in a dithyramb that Aigaion (Aegaeon) [i.e. the son of Aigaios] was summoned from the sea by Thetis and taken up to protect Zeus, and that he was the son of Thalassa (Sea)."
Callimachus, Hymn 4 to Delos 140 ff (trans. Mair) (Greek poet C3rd B.C.) :
"The mount of Aitna (Etna) smoulders with fire and all its secret depths are shaken as the Gigantos under the earth, even Briareos [here Aigaios or Typhoeus], shifts to his other shoulder, and with the tongs of Hephaistos roar furnaces and handiwork withal; and firewrought basins and tripods ring terribly as they fall one upon the other."
Ovid, Fasti 3. 793 ff (trans.Boyle) (Roman poetry C1st B.C. to C1st A.D.) :
"Saturnus [Kronos, Cronus] was thrust from his realm by Jove [Zeus]. In anger he stirs the mighty Titanes to arms and seeks the assistance owed by fate. There was a shocking monster [the ‘Ophiotauros’] born of Mother Terra [Gaia, Earth], a bull, whose back half was a serpent (or eel). Roaring Styx [as an ally of Zeus] imprisoned it, warned by the three Parcae [Moirai, Fates], in a black grove with a triple wall. Whoever fed the bull's guts to consuming flames was destined to defeat the eternal gods. Briareus [Aigaion] slays it with an adamantine axe and prepares to feed the flames its innards. Jupiter [Zeus] commands the birds to grab them; the kite brought them to him and reached the stars on merit."
After Aigaion was vanquished by Zeus in the Titan-War, Aigaios' son Briareos appears to have replaced him as god of Aegean sea-storms. In the epic Titanomachia, Zeus may also have created his storm-bringing aigis (a goat-skin cloak) from the giant's skin. Aigaios and the aigis were might have been associated with the Constellation Capra (the Stormy Goat) in this epic--a constellation whose rising marked the onset of late autumn storms in the Aegean.
- Homer, The Iliad - Greek Epic C8th B.C.
- Eumelus or Arctinus, The Titanomachia - Greek Epic C8th-7th B.C.
- Greek Lyric IV Ion of Chios, Fragments - Greek Lyric C5th B.C.
- Callimachus, Hymns - Greek Poetry C3rd B.C.
- Ovid, Fasti - Latin Poetry C1st B.C. - C1st A.D.