Web Theoi
GALENE
 
Greek Name Transliteration Latin Spelling Translation
Γαληνη
Γαληναιη
Galênê
Galênaiê
Galene
Galenaea
Calm Seas

GALENE was one of the Nereid Nymphs and the goddess of calm seas.

PARENTS
NEREUS & DORIS (Hesiod Theogony 260)

ENCYCLOPEDIA

GALE′NE (Galênê), a personification of the calm sea, and perhaps identical with Galateia, one of the Nereides, is called by Hesiod (Theog. 244) a daughter of Nereus and Doris.

Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.


Hesiod, Theogony 240 ff (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) :
"To Nereus and to Doris . . . there were born in the barren sea daughters greatly beautiful even among goddesses : . . . and Galene and Glauke [amongst a list of fifty Nereides]."

Aeschylus, Agamemnon 737 ff (trans. Weir Smyth) (Greek tragedy C5th B.C.) :
"At first, I would say, there came to Ilion [Troy, from across the sea,] the spirit of unruffled calm (galênê). [i.e. Helene. She is first likened to Galene, but with the onset of war is likened to an Erinys.]"

Callimachus, Epigrams 6 (from Athenaeus 7. 318) (trans. Mair) (Greek poet C3rd B.C.) :
"I the nautilus that used to sail upon the sea, if there were wind, stretching my sail on my own forestays, if Galenaie (Calm) that bright goddess, prevailed, rowing strongly with my feet."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 2. 1. 9 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"The other offerings [in the temple of Poseidon at Korinthos (Corinth)] are images of Galene (Calm) and of Thalassa."


Sources:

  • Hesiod, Theogony - Greek Epic C8th-7th B.C>
  • Aeschylus, Agamemnon - Greek Tragedy C5th B.C.
  • Callimachus, Fragments - Greek Poetry C3rd B.C.
  • Pausanias, Description of Greece - Greek Travelogue C2nd A.D.