||Panorama, All-Seeing (pan, ops)
PANOPEIA was the Nereid Nymph or goddess of the sea's broad panorama. She was probably, as her name indicates, associated with the sighting of land and approaching storms by sailors. Panopeia was one of the few Nereides mentioned repeatedly as a distinct individual. She was often paired with Galateia.
|NEREUS & DORIS (Hesiod Theogony 260, Homer Iliad 18.37, Apollodorus 1.11, Hyginus Preface)
PA′NOPE (Panopê), a daughter of Nereus and Doris (Hom. Il. xviii. 45; Hes. Theog. 250).
Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.
Homer, Iliad 18. 37 ff (trans. Lattimore) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) :
"The goddesses gathered about her [Thetis], all who along the depth of the sea were daughters of Nereus. For Glauke was there . . . and Doris and Panope and glorious Galateia [amongst 34 named]."
Hesiod, Theogony 240 ff (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) :
"To Nereus and to Doris . . . there were born in the barren sea daughters greatly beautiful even among goddesses: . . . Doris and Panopeia, and Galateia the beautiful [in a list of fifty Nereides]."
Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. 11 - 12 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Nereus and Doris were parents of the Nereides, whose names were . . . Kalypso, Panope, Kranto [in a list of forty-five names]. "
Pseudo-Hyginus, Preface (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"From Nereus and Doris fifty Nereids: . . . Doris, Panope, Galatea [in a list of forty-nine names]."
Virgil, Aeneid 5. 825 ff (trans. Day-Lewis) (Roman epic C1st B.C.) :
"Lightly skims the dark-blue chariot [of Poseidon] over the sea's face : . . . then come his retainers . . . on the left are Thetis and Melite and maiden Panopea, Nesaea, too, and Spio, Thalia and Cymodoce."
Virgil, Georgics 1. 432 ff (trans. Fairclough) (Roman bucolic C1st B.C.) :
"If at her [the moon's] fourth rising she pass through the sky clear and with undimmed horns, then all that day, and the days born of it to the month's end, shall be free from rain and wind; and the sailors, safe in port, shall pay their vows on the shore to Glaucus, and to Panopea, and to Melicerta, Ino's son."
Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 1. 130 ff (trans. Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) :
"Panope and her sister Doto and Galatea with bare shoulders, revelling in the waves, escort her [Thetis to her marriage with Peleus] towards the caverns [of Kheiron (Chiron) in Thessalia].”
Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 2. 585 ff :
"Helle [sister of Phrixos who became a sea-goddess] chapleted, the sister now of Panope and Thetis, and holding in her left hand a golden sceptre."
- Homer, The Iliad - Greek Epic C8th B.C.
- Hesiod, Theogony - Greek Epic C8th-7th B.C.
- Apollodorus, The Library - Greek Mythography C2nd A.D.
- Hyginus, Fabulae - Latin Mythography C2nd A.D.
- Virgil, Aeneid - Latin Epic C1st A.D.
- Virgil, Georgics - Latin Bucolic C1st B.C.
- Valerius Flaccus, The Argonautica - Latin Epic C1st A.D.