Greek Name Transliteration Latin Spelling Translation
Βαφυρας Baphyras Baphyras River Baphyras
Ἑλικων Helikôn Helicon River Helicon
BAPHYRAS was a River-God of Pieria or Makedonia in northern Greece.

The River Baphyras had its headwaters on Mount Olympos in Pieria, flowing for a distance under the name Helikon, it disappeared under the earth, reappearing as the stream of Baphyras. This flowed past the town of Dion where it emptied into the Aegean Sea. The most important neighbouring rivers were the Haliakmon to the north, and Peneios in the south.


Pausanias, Description of Greece 9. 30. 8 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"There is also a river called Helikon [in Pieria]. After a course of seventy-five stades the stream hereupon disappears under the earth. After a gap of about twenty-two stades the water rises again, and under the name of Baphyras instead of Helikon flows into the sea as a navigable river. The people of Dion (Dium) say that at first this River flowed on land throughout its course. But, they go on to say, the women who killed Orpheus wished to wash off in it the blood-stains, and thereat the River sank underground, so as not to lend its waters to cleanse manslaughter."

Ovid, Metamorphoses 11. 47 ff (trans. Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. to C1st A.D.) :
"All wept and mourned for [the bard] Orpheus; forest trees cast down their leaves, tonsured in grief, and Flumina (Rivers) too, men say, were swollen with their tears, and Naides wore, and Dryades too, their mourning robes of black and hair dishevelled."


  • Pausanias, Description of Greece - Greek Travelogue C2nd A.D.
  • Ovid, Metamorphoses - Latin Epic C1st B.C. - C1st A.D.