Web Theoi
LAMOS
 
Greek Name Transliteration Latin Spelling Translation
Λαμος Lamos Lamus River Lamus

LAMOS was a River-God of Kilikia in Anatolia (modern Turkey) or of Boiotia in central Greece. His daughters, the Lamides, were nurses of the god Dionysos.

Dionysos was born from the thigh of Zeus beside the streams of Lamos on Mount Nysa. Both the mountain and the stream were variously identified. Nonnus, in his epic Dionysiaca, identified this Lamos with a Kilikian river of the same name, which flowed into the Mediterranean to the west of the river Kydnos.

Another candidate, however, was the Boiotian stream Lamos, which Pausanias describes as rising near the peak of Mount Helikon and flowing south through the territory of the Thespians. The Lamian vale was hemmed in to the south by Mount Kithairon, a centre of the Dionysian orgies. It is likely that Kithairon was the Mount Nysa of the Dionysian myth. The Lamos river itself may have been regarded as a tributory of either the Termessos or Ismenos rivers.

PARENTS
OKEANOS & TETHYS (Nonnus Dionysiaca 24.43)
OFFSPRING
THE LAMIDES (Nonnus Dionysiaca 9.28 & 14.143)

Pausanias, Description of Greece 9. 31. 7 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"On the summit of [Mount] Helikon [in Boiotia] is a small river called the Lamos. In the territory of the Thespians is . . . [Pausanias then describes the villages lying between Mounts Helikon and Kithairon]."

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 9. 28 ff (trans. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) :
"[After Dionysos was born from the thigh of Zeus, [Hermes] gave him to the daughters of Lamos, river Nymphai."

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 14. 143 ff (trans. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) :
"The water Neiades in mortal body, whom men call Hyades, offspring of the river Lamos."

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 24. 43 ff :
"[The River Hydaspes, set aflame by the god Dionysos, cries out :] `Respect the water of your Lamos [i.e. another River-God] who cherished your childhood; remember Maionia your own country, for Hydaspes is brother of your charming [River] Paktolos. Grant now this one boon to all these Rivers, my brothers [i.e. they are the sons of Okeanos], and withdraw your flame."

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 47. 678 ff :
"I [Hermes] saved you [Dionysos] from heaven, and entrusted you to those Nymphai, the daughters of river Lamos, when still a child."


Sources:

  • Pausanias, Description of Greece - Greek Travelogue C2nd A.D.
  • Nonnos, Dionysiaca - Greek Epic C5th A.D.