HESIOD FRAGMENTS, TRANS. BY H. G. EVELYN-WHITE
There were a large number of now lost Epic poems attributed to Hesiod. His authorship of some of these works, however, was disputed even in ancient times. The Loeb volume, compiled and translated by Evelyn-White, contains ancient references to these works, as well a papyri fragments which preserve some of the original text.
Of these, the most important were: the Great Eoiae, a poet similar to, if not the same as the Catalogues of Women; the Melampodes, a pome containing stories of mythical seers; the Astronomy, on star myths; and various short themed poems like the Marriage of Ceyx and the Idaean Dactyls.
FRAGMENT 1: THE PLEIADES
Athenaeus xi, p. 491 d:
And the author of The Astronomy, which is attributed forsooth
to Hesiod, always calls them (the Pleiades) Peleiades: "but
mortals call them Peleiades"; and again, "the stormy Peleiades go
down"; and again, "then the Peleiades hide away . . . "
Scholiast on Pindar, Nem. ii. 16:
The Pleiades . . . whose stars are these: -- "Lovely Teygata, and
dark-faced Electra, and Alcyone, and bright Asterope, and
Celaeno, and Maia, and Merope, whom glorious Atlas begot . . . "
"In the mountains of Cyllene she (Maia) bare Hermes, the herald
of the gods."
FRAGMENT 2: THE HYADES
Scholiast on Aratus 254:
But Zeus made them (the sisters of Hyas) into the stars which are
called Hyades. Hesiod in his Book about Stars tells us their
names as follows: "Nymphs like the Graces,1 Phaesyle and
Coronis and rich-crowned Cleeia and lovely Phaco and long-robed
Eudora, whom the tribes of men upon the earth call Hyades."
FRAGMENT 3: CALLISTO AND ARCAS
Pseudo-Eratosthenes Catast.2 frag. 1:
The Great Bear.] -- Hesiod says she (Callisto) was the daughter
of Lycaon and lived in Arcadia. She chose to occupy herself with
wild-beasts in the mountains together with Artemis, and, when she
was seduced by Zeus, continued some time undetected by the
goddess, but afterwards, when she was already with child, was
seen by her bathing and so discovered. Upon this, the goddess
was enraged and changed her into a beast. Thus she became a bear
and gave birth to a son called Arcas. But while she was in the
mountains, she was hunted by some goat-herds and given up with
her babe to Lycaon. Some while after, she thought fit to go into
the forbidden precinct of Zeus, not knowing the law, and being
pursued by her own son and the Arcadians, was about to be killed
because of the said law; but Zeus delivered her because of her
connection with him and put her among the stars, giving her the
name Bear because of the misfortune which had befallen her.
Comm. Supplem. on Aratus, p. 547 M. 8:
Of Bootes, also called the Bear-warden. The story goes that he
is Arcas the son of Callisto and Zeus, and he lived in the
country about Lycaeum. After Zeus had seduced Callisto, Lycaon,
pretending not to know of the matter, entertained Zeus, as Hesiod
says, and set before him on the table the babe which he had cut up.
FRAGMENT 4: ORION
Pseudo-Eratosthenes, Catast. fr. xxxii:
Orion.] -- Hesiod says that he was the son of Euryale, the
daughter of Minos, and of Poseidon, and that there was given him
as a gift the power of walking upon the waves as though upon
land. When he was come to Chios, be outraged Merope, the
daughter of Oenopion, being drunken; but Oenopion when he learned
of it was greatly vexed at the outrage and blinded him and cast
him out of the country. Then he came to Lemnos as a beggar and
there met Hephaestus who took pity on him and gave him Cedalion
his own servant to guide him. So Orion took Cedalion upon his
shoulders and used to carry him about while he pointed out the
roads. Then he came to the east and appears to have met Helius
(the Sun) and to have been healed, and so returned back again to
Oenopion to punish him; but Oenopion was hidden away by his
people underground. Being disappointed, then, in his search for
the king, Orion went away to Crete and spent his time hunting in
company with Artemis and Leto. It seems that he threatened to
kill every beast there was on earth; whereupon, in her anger,
Earth sent up against him a scorpion of very great size by which
he was stung and so perished. After this Zeus, at one prayer of
Artemis and Leto, put him among the stars, because of his
manliness, and the scorpion also as a memorial of him and of what
FRAGMENT 5: ORION
Diodorus iv. 85:
Some say that great earthquakes occurred, which broke through the
neck of land and formed the straits,3 the sea parting the
mainland from the island. But Hesiod, the poet, says just the
opposite: that the sea was open, but Orion piled up the
promontory by Peloris, and founded the close of Poseidon which is
especially esteemed by the people thereabouts. When he had
finished this, he went away to Euboea and settled there, and
because of his renown was taken into the number of the stars in
heaven, and won undying remembrance.
THE PRECEPTS OF CHIRON
Scholiast on Pindar, Pyth. vi. 19:
"And now, pray, mark all these things well in a wise heart.
First, whenever you come to your house, offer good sacrifices to
the eternal gods."
Plutarch Mor. 1034 E:
"Decide no suit until you have heard both sides speak."
FRAGMENT 3: NYMPHS
Plutarch de Orac. defectu ii. 415 C:
"A chattering crow lives out nine generations of aged men, but a
stag's life is four times a crow's, and a raven's life makes
three stags old, while the phoenix outlives nine ravens, but we,
the rich-haired Nymphs, daughters of Zeus the aegis-holder,
outlive ten phoenixes."
Quintilian, i. 15:
Some consider that children under the age of seven should not
receive a literary education . . . That Hesiod was of this opinion
very many writers affirm who were earlier than the critic
Aristophanes; for he was the first to reject the Precepts, in
which book this maxim occurs, as a work of that poet.
THE GREAT WORKS
Comm. on Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics. v. 8:
The verse, however (the slaying of Rhadamanthys), is in Hesiod in
the Great Works and is as follows: "If a man sow evil, he shall
reap evil increase; if men do to him as he has done, it will be
Proclus on Hesiod, Works and Days, 126:
Some believe that the Silver Race (is to be attributed to) the
earth, declaring that in the Great Works Hesiod makes silver to
be of the family of Earth.
THE IDAEAN DACTYLS
Pliny, Natural History vii. 56, 197:
Hesiod says that those who are called the Idaean Dactyls taught
the smelting and tempering of iron in Crete.
Clement, Stromateis i. 16. 75:
Celmis, again, and Damnameneus, the first of the Idaean Dactyls,
discovered iron in Cyprus; but bronze smelting was discovered by
Delas, another Idaean, though Hesiod calls him Scythes.4
THE MARRIAGE OF CEYX
FRAGMENT 1: HERACLES AND ARGONAUTS
Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius, Arg. i. 128:
Hesiod in the Marriage of Ceyx says that he (Heracles) landed
(from the Argo) to look for water and was left behind in Magnesia
near the place called Aphetae because of his desertion there.
FRAGMENT 2: HERACLES AND CEYX
Zenobius,5 ii. 19:
Hesiod used the proverb in the following way: Heracles is
represented as having constantly visited the house of Ceyx of
Trachis and spoken thus: "Of their own selves the good make for
the feasts of good."
Scholiast on Homer, Il. xiv. 119:
"And horse-driving Ceyx beholding . . . "
Athenaeus, ii. p. 49b:
Hesiod in the Marriage of Ceyx -- for though grammar-school
boys alienate it from the poet, yet I consider the poem ancient
-- calls the tables tripods.
Gregory of Corinth, On Forms of Speech (Rhett. Gr. vii. 776):
"But when they had done with desire for the equal-shared feast,
even then they brought from the forest the mother of a mother
(sc. wood), dry and parched, to be slain by her own children" (sc. to be burnt in the flames).
THE GREAT EOIAE
FRAGMENT 1: EPIDAURUS
Pausanius, ii. 26. 3:
Epidaurus. According to the opinion of the Argives and the epic
poem, the Great Eoiae, Argos the son of Zeus was father of
FRAGMENT 2: HERACLES AND ALCMENE
Anonymous Comment. on Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, iii. 7:
And, they say, Hesiod is sufficient to prove that the word poneros (bad) has the same sense as "laborious" or "ill-fated"; for in the Great Eoiae he represents Alcmene as saying to Heracles: "My son, truly Zeus your father begot you to be the most toilful as the most excellent . . . "; and again: "The Fates (made) you the most toilful and the most excellent . . . "
FRAGMENT 3: HERACLES AND TELAMON
Scholiast on Pindar, Isthm. v. 53:
The story has been taken from the Great Eoiae; for there we
find Heracles entertained by Telamon, standing dressed in his
lion-skin and praying, and there also we find the eagle sent by Zeus, from which Aias took his name.6
FRAGMENT 4: POLYCAON
Pausanias, iv. 2. 1:
But I know that the so-called Great Eoiae say that Polycaon the
son of Butes married Euaechme, daughter of Hyllus, Heracles' son.
FRAGMENT 5: PHYLAS AND THERO
Pausanias, ix. 40. 6:
"And Phylas wedded Leipephile the daughter of famous Iolaus: and
she was like the Olympians in beauty. She bare him a son
Hippotades in the palace, and comely Thero who was like the beams
of the moon. And Thero lay in the embrace of Apollo and bare
horse-taming Chaeron of hardy strength."
FRAGMENT 6: EUPHEMUS
Scholiast on Pindar, Pyth. iv. 35:
"Or like her in Hyria, careful-minded Mecionice, who was joined
in the love of golden Aphrodite with the Earth-holder and Earth-Shaker, and bare Euphemus."
FRAGMENT 7: HYETTUS
Pausanias, ix. 36. 7:
"And Hyettus killed Molurus the dear son of Aristas in his house
because he lay with his wife. Then he left his home and fled
from horse-rearing Argos and came to Minyan Orchomenus. And the
hero received him and gave him a portion of his goods, as was
FRAGMENT 8: PEIRENE
Pausanias, ii. 2. 3:
But in the Great Eoiae Peirene is represented to be the
daughter of Oebalius.
FRAGMENT 9: MYCENE
Pausanias, ii. 16. 4:
The epic poem, which the Greek call the Great Eoiae, says that
she (Mycene) was the daughter of Inachus and wife of Arestor:
from her, then, it is said, the city received its name.
FRAGMENT 10: OENOMAUS
Pausanias, vi. 21. 10:
According to the poem the Great Eoiae, these were killed by
Oenomaus7: Alcathous the son of Porthaon next after Marmax,
and after Alcathous, Euryalus, Eurymachus and Crotalus. The man
killed next after them, Aerias, we should judge to have been a
Lacedemonian and founder of Aeria. And after Acrias, they say,
Capetus was done to death by Oenomaus, and Lycurgus, Lasius,
Chalcodon and Tricolonus . . . And after Tricolonus fate overtook
Aristomachus and Prias on the course, as also Pelagon and Aeolius
FRAGMENT 11: ENDYMION
Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius, Arg. iv. 57:
In the Great Eoiae it is said that Endymion was transported by
Zeus into heaven, but when he fell in love with Hera, was
befooled with a shape of cloud, and was cast out and went down
FRAGMENT 12: MELAMPUS
Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius, Arg. i. 118:
In the Great Eoiae it is related that Melampus, who was very
dear to Apollo, went abroad and stayed with Polyphantes. But
when the king had sacrificed an ox, a serpent crept up to the
sacrifice and destroyed his servants. At this the king was angry
and killed the serpent, but Melampus took and buried it. And its
offspring, brought up by him, used to lick his ears and inspire
him with prophecy. And so, when he was caught while trying to
steal the cows of Iphiclus and taken bound to the city of Aegina,
and when the house, in which Iphiclus was, was about to fall, he
told an old woman, one of the servants of Iphiclus, and in return
FRAGMENT 13: SCYLLA
Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius, Arg. iv. 828:
In the Great Eoiae Scylla is the daughter of Phoebus and
FRAGMENT 14: PHINEUS
Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius, Arg. ii. 181:
Hesiod in the Great Eoiae says that Phineus was blinded because
he told Phrixus the way.8
FRAGMENT 15: PHRIXUS
Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius, Arg. ii. 1122:
Argus. This is one of the children of Phrixus. These . . . Hesiod in the Great Eoiae says were born of Iophossa the
daughter of Aeetes. And he says there were four of them, Argus,
Phrontis, Melas, and Cytisorus.
FRAGMENT 16: HYMENAEUS, BATTUS
Antoninus Liberalis, xxiii:
Battus. Hesiod tells the story in the Great Eoiae . . .
Magnes was the son of Argus, the son of Phrixus and Perimele,
Admetus' daughter, and lived in the region of Thessaly, in the
land which men called after him Magnesia. He had a son of
remarkable beauty, Hymenaeus. And when Apollo saw the boy, he
was seized with love for him, and would not leave the house of
Magnes. Then Hermes made designs on Apollo's herd of cattle
which were grazing in the same place as the cattle of Admetus.
First he cast upon the dogs which were guarding them a stupor and
strangles, so that the dogs forgot the cows and lost the power of
barking. Then he drove away twelve heifers and a hundred cows
never yoked, and the bull who mounted the cows, fastening to the
tail of each one brushwood to wipe out the footmarks of the cows.
He drove them through the country of the Pelasgi, and Achaea in
the land of Phthia, and through Locris, and Boeotia and Megaris,
and thence into Peloponnesus by way of Corinth and Larissa, until
he brought them to Tegea. From there he went on by the Lycaean
mountains, and past Maenalus and what are called the watch-posts
of Battus. Now this Battus used to live on the top of the rock
and when he heard the voice of the heifers as they were being
driven past, he came out from his own place, and knew that the
cattle were stolen. So he asked for a reward to tell no one
about them. Hermes promised to give it him on these terms, and
Battus swore to say nothing to anyone about the cattle. But when
Hermes had hidden them in the cliff by Coryphasium, and had
driven them into a cave facing towards Italy and Sicily, he
changed himself and came again to Battus and tried whether he
would be true to him as he had vowed. So, offering him a robe as
a reward, he asked of him whether he had noticed stolen cattle
being driven past. And Battus took the robe and told him about
the cattle. But Hermes was angry because he was double-tongued,
and struck him with his staff and changed him into a rock. And
either frost or heat never leaves him.9
FRAGMENT 1: MOPSUS AND CALCHAS
Strabo, xiv. p. 642:
It is said that Calchis the seer returned from Troy with
Amphilochus the son of Amphiaraus and came on foot to this place.10 But happening to find near Clarus a seer greater than
himself, Mopsus, the son of Manto, Teiresias' daughter, he died
of vexation. Hesiod, indeed, works up the story in some form as
this: Calchas set Mopsus the following problem:
"I am filled with wonder at the quantity of figs this wild fig-
tree bears though it is so small. Can you tell their number?"
And Mopsus answered: "Ten thousand is their number, and their
measure is a bushel: one fig is left over, which you would not be
able to put into the measure."
So said he; and they found the reckoning of the measure true.
Then did the end of death shroud Calchas.
FRAGMENT 2: TEIRESIAS
Tzetzes on Lycophron, 682:
But now he is speaking of Teiresias, since it is said that he
lived seven generations -- though others say nine. He lived from
the times of Cadmus down to those of Eteocles and Polyneices, as
the author of Melampodia also says: for he introduces Teiresias
"Father Zeus, would that you had given me a shorter span of life
to be mine and wisdom of heart like that of mortal men! But now
you have honoured me not even a little, though you ordained me to
have a long span of life, and to live through seven generations
of mortal kind."
FRAGMENT 3: TEIRESIAS
Scholiast on Homer, Odyssey, x. 494:
They say that Teiresias saw two snakes mating on Cithaeron and
that, when he killed the female, he was changed into a woman, and
again, when he killed the male, took again his own nature. This
same Teiresias was chosen by Zeus and Hera to decide the question
whether the male or the female has most pleasure in intercourse.
And he said:
"Of ten parts a man enjoys only one; but a woman's sense enjoys
all ten in full."
For this Hera was angry and blinded him, but Zeus gave him the
FRAGMENT 4 11
Athenaeus, ii. p. 40:
"For pleasant it is at a feast and rich banquet to tell
delightful tales, when men have had enough of feasting . . . "
Clement of Alexandria, Stromateis vi. 2 26:
" . . . and pleasant also it is to know a clear token of ill or good
amid all the signs that the deathless ones have given to mortal
FRAGMENT 5: MARES
Athenaeus, xi. 498. A:
"And Mares, swift messenger, came to him through the house and
brought a silver goblet which he had filled, and gave it to the
FRAGMENT 6: MELAMPUS
Athenaeus, xi. 498. B:
"And then Mantes took in his hands the ox's halter and Iphiclus
lashed him upon the back. And behind him, with a cup in one hand
and a raised sceptre in the other, walked Phylacus and spake
amongst the bondmen."
Athenaeus, xiii. p. 609 e:
Hesiod in the third book of the Melampodia called Chalcis in
Euboea "the land of fair women."
FRAGMENT 8: AMPHILOCHUS
Strabo, xiv. p. 676:
But Hesiod says that Amphilochus was killed by Apollo at Soli.
Clement of Alexandria, Stromateis, v. p. 259:
"And now there is no seer among mortal men such as would know the
mind of Zeus who holds the aegis."
FRAGMENT 1: PHRIXUS
Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius, Arg. iii. 587:
But the author of the Aegimius says that he (Phrixus) was
received without intermediary because of the fleece.12 He says
that after the sacrifice he purified the fleece and so: "Holding
the fleece he walked into the halls of Aeetes."
FRAGMENT 2: PELEUS AND THETIS
Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius, Arg. iv. 816:
The author of the Aegimius says in the second book that Thetis
used to throw the children she had by Peleus into a cauldron of
water, because she wished to learn where they were mortal . . . And that after many had perished Peleus was annoyed, and
prevented her from throwing Achilles into the cauldron.
FRAGMENT 3: IO
Apollodorus, ii. 1.3.1:
Hesiod and Acusilaus say that she (Io) was the daughter of
Peiren. While she was holding the office of priestess of Hera,
Zeus seduced her, and being discovered by Hera, touched the girl
and changed her into a white cow, while he swore that he had no
intercourse with her. And so Hesiod says that oaths touching the
matter of love do not draw down anger from the gods: "And
thereafter he ordained that an oath concerning the secret deeds
of the Cyprian should be without penalty for men."
FRAGMENT 4: IO
Herodian in Stephanus of Byzantium:
"(Zeus changed Io) in the fair island Abantis, which the gods,
who are eternally, used to call Abantis aforetime, but Zeus then
called it Euboea after the cow." 13
FRAGMENT 5: IO
Scholiast on Euripides, Phoen. 1116:
"And (Hera) set a watcher upon her (Io), great and strong Argus,
who with four eyes looks every way. And the goddess stirred in
him unwearying strength: sleep never fell upon his eyes; but he
kept sure watch always."
FRAGMENT 6: IO
Scholiast on Homer, Il. xxiv. 24:
"Slayer of Argus." According to Hesiod's tale he (Hermes) slew
(Argus) the herdsman of Io.
Athenaeus, xi. p. 503:
And the author of the Aegimius, whether he is Hesiod or Cercops
of Miletus (says): "There, some day, shall be my place of
refreshment, O leader of the people."
FRAGMENT 8: TRIBES
Hesiod (says there were so called) because they settled in three
groups: "And they all were called the Three-fold people, because
they divided in three the land far from their country." For (he
says) that three Hellenic tribes settled in Crete, the Pelasgi,
Achaeans and Dorians. And these have been called Three-fold
FRAGMENTS OF UNKNOWN POSITION
FRAGMENT 1: LINUS
Diogenes Laertius, viii. 1. 26:
"So Urania bare Linus, a very lovely son: and him all men who are
singers and harpers do bewail at feasts and dances, and as they
begin and as they end they call on Linus . . . "
Clement of Alexandria, Strom. i. p. 121:
" . . . who was skilled in all manner of wisdom."
FRAGMENT 2: PAEAN
Scholiast on Homer, Odyssey, iv. 232:
"Unless Phoebus Apollo should save him from death, or Paean
himself who knows the remedies for all things."
Clement of Alexandria, Protrept, c. vii. p. 21:
"For he [Zeus] alone is king and lord of all the undying gods, and no
other vies with him in power."
Anecd. Oxon (Cramer), i. p. 148:
"(To cause?) the gifts of the blessed gods to come near to
Clement of Alexandria, Strom. i. p. 123:
"Of the Muses who make a man very wise, marvellous in utterance."
FRAGMENT 6: HECATERIDES
Strabo, x. p. 471:
"But of them (sc. the daughters of Hecaterus) were born the
divine mountain Nymphs and the tribe of worthless, helpless
Satyrs, and the divine Curetes, sportive dancers."
FRAGMENT 7: CLEODAEUS
Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius, Arg. i. 824:
"Beseeching the offspring of glorious Cleodaeus."
"For the Olympian gave might to the sons of Aeacus, and wisdom to
the sons of Amythaon, and wealth to the sons of Atreus."
Scholiast on Homer, Iliad, xiii. 155:
"For through his lack of wood the timber of the ships rotted."
"No longer do they walk with delicate feet."
Scholiast on Homer, Iliad, xxiv. 624:
"First of all they roasted (pieces of meat), and drew them
carefully off the spits."
Chrysippus, Fragg. ii. 254. 11:
"For his spirit increased in his dear breast."
Chrysippus, Fragg. ii. 254. 15:
"With such heart grieving anger in her breast."
Strabo, vii. p. 327:
"He went to Dodona and the oak-grove, the dwelling place of the
Anecd. Oxon (Cramer), iii. p. 318. not.:
"With the pitiless smoke of black pitch and of cedar."
Schliast on Apollonius Rhodius, Arg. i. 757:
"But he himself in the swelling tide of the rain-swollen river."
Stephanus of Byzantium:
(The river) Parthenius, "Flowing as softly as a dainty maiden
Scholiast on Theocritus, xi. 75:
"Foolish the man who leaves what he has, and follows after what
he has not."
"The deeds of the young, the counsels of the middle-aged, and the
prayers of the aged."
Porphyr, On Abstinence, ii. 18. p. 134:
"Howsoever the city does sacrifice, the ancient custom is best."
Scholiast on Nicander, Theriaca, 452:
"But you should be gentle towards your father."
Plato, Epist. xi. 358:
"And if I said this, it would seem a poor thing and hard to
Bacchylides, v. 191-3:
Thus spake the Boeotian, even Hesiod,14 servant of the sweet
Muses: "whomsoever the immortals honour, the good report of
mortals also followeth him."
FRAGMENT 1: ATHAMAS
Galen, de plac. Hipp. et Plat. i. 266:
"And then it was Zeus took away sense from the heart of Athamas."
Scholiast on Homer, Od. vii. 104:
"They grind the yellow grain at the mill."
Scholiast on Pindar, Nem. ii. 1:
"Then first in Delos did I and Homer, singers both, raise our
strain -- stitching song in new hymns -- Phoebus Apollo with the
golden sword, whom Leto bare."
Julian, Misopogon, p. 369:
"But starvation on a handful is a cruel thing."
FRAGMENT 5: HESPERIDES
Servius on Vergil, Aen. iv. 484:
Hesiod says that these Hesperides . . . daughters of Night,
guarded the golden apples beyond Ocean: "Aegle and Erythea and
ox-eyed Hesperethusa." 15
Plato, Republic, iii. 390 E:
"Gifts move the gods, gifts move worshipful princes."
FRAGMENT 7 16
Clement of Alexandria, Strom. v. p. 256:
"On the seventh day again the bright light of the sun . . . "
Apollonius, Lex. Hom.:
"He brought pure water and mixed it with Ocean's streams."
FRAGMENT 9: ORCHOMENUS
Stephanus of Byzantium:
"Aspledon and Clymenus and god-like Amphidocus." (sons of
FRAGMENT 10: AMAZONS
Scholiast on Pindar, Nem. iii. 64:
"Telemon never sated with battle first brought light to our
comrades by slaying blameless Melanippe, destroyer of men, own
sister of the golden-girdled queen."
1. This halt verse is added by the Scholiast on Aratus, 172.
2. The Catasterismi ("Placings among the Stars") is a collection of legends relating to the various constellations.
3. The Straits of Messina.
Or perhaps "a Scythian."
A Greek sophist who taught rhetoric at Rome in the time of Hadrian. He is the author of a collection of proverbs in three books.
When Heracles prayed that a son might be born to Telamon and Eriboea, Zeus sent forth an eagle in token that the prayer would be granted. Heracles then bade the parents call their son Aias after the eagle ("aietos").
7.Oenomaus, king of Pisa in Elis, warned by an oracle that he should be killed by his son-in-law, offered his daughter Hippodamia to the man who could defeat him in a chariot
race, on condition that the defeated suitors should be slain by him. Ultimately Pelops, through the treachery of the charioteer of Oenomaus, became victorious.
8. sc. to Scythia.
9. In the Homeric Hymn to Hermes Battus almost disappears from the story, and a somewhat different account of the stealing of the cattle is given.
sc. Colophon. Proclus in his abstract of the Returns (sc. of the heroes from Troy) says Calchas and his party were present at the death of Teiresias at Colophon, perhaps indicating another version of this story.
11. ll. 1-2 are quoted by Athenaeus, ii. p. 40; ll. 3-4 by Clement of Alexandria, Stromateis vi. 2. 26. Buttman saw that the two fragments should be joined.
sc. the golden fleece of the ram which carried Phrixus and Helle away from Athamas and Ino. When he reached Colchis Phrixus sacrificed the ram to Zeus.
13. Euboea properly means the "Island of fine Cattle (or Cows)."
cp. Hesiod Theogony 81 ff. But Theognis 169, "Whomso the god honour, even a man inclined to blame praiseth him," is much nearer.
Cf. Scholion on Clement, Protrept. i. p. 302.
16. This line may once have been read in the text of Works and Days after l. 771.