Web Theoi
EALE
 
Greek Name Transliteration Latin Spelling Translation
Εαλη
Εαλαι
Ealê
Ealai
Yale
Yale
To roll back
(ealên, eilô)
Eale or Yale, Der Naturen Bloeme manuscript c. 1350, National Library of the Netherlands
Eale or Yale, Der Naturen Bloeme manuscript
c. 1350, National Library of the Netherlands

THE EALE (or Yale) was a strange bull-like animal native to the land of Aithiopia (Ethiopia) (sub-Saharan Africa). It was equipped with a boar's tusks and a set of rotating horns.

The creature's name was derived from the Greek word ealên, eilô, meaning "to roll back," a reference to its moveable horns.


Pliny the Elder, Natural History 8. 73 (trans. Rackham) (Roman encyclopedia C1st A.D.) :
"Aethiopia (Ethiopia) produces . . . many monstrosities: . . . Among the same people is also found the animal called the Eale (Yale), the size of a hippopotamus, with an elephant's tail, of a black or tawny colour, with the jaws of a boar and movable horns more than a cubit in length which in a fight are erected alternately, and presented to the attack or sloped backward in turn as policy directs."


Sources:

  • Pliny the Elder, Natural History - Latin Natural History C1st A.D.