|Ethiopian Pegasus, Der Naturen Bloeme manuscript
c. 1350, National Library of the Netherlands
THE PEGASOI AITHIOPES were a herd of winged, horned horses native to Aithiopia (sub-Saharan Africa).
The famous Pegasos horse of myth was himself said to have been born near Aithiopia, on the Red Sea island of Erytheia.
Pliny the Elder, Natural History 8. 72 (trans. Rackham) (Roman encyclopedia C1st A.D.) :
"Aethiopia (Ethiopia) produces . . . many monstrosities--[including] winged horses armed with horns, called Pegasi."
- Pliny the Elder, Natural History - Latin Natural History C1st A.D.