Greek Mythology >> Bestiary >> Legendary Creatures >> Libyan Satyr & Aegipan (Satyros & Aigipan Libys)


Greek Name

Σατυρος Αιγιπαν Λιβυς
Σατυροι Αιγιπανες Λιβυες


Satyros Aigipan Libys
Satyroi Aigipanes Libyes

Latin Spelling

Satyrus Aegipan Libys
Satyri Aegipanes Libyes


Libyan Satyrs
Libyan Aegipans

Libyan satyr | Der Naturen Bloeme manuscript (1350) | National Library of the Netherlands
Libyan satyr, Der Naturen Bloeme manuscript (1350), National Library of the Netherlands

THE SATYROS LIBYS and AIGIPAN LIBYS were two breeds of satyr- and Pan-like wild-men or monkeys which inhabited the Atlas Mountains of north-west Africa.

They were related to the Satyroi Nesioi and the Ethiopian Satyr encountered by the philosopher Apollonios of Tyana.

The creatures were probably derived from fanciful travellers' tales of monkeys and baboons.


Pliny the Elder, Natural History 6. 197 (trans. Rackham) (Roman encyclopedia C1st A.D.) :
"Rising from the sea at the middle of the coast [of the Atlantic coast of Aithiopia (Africa)] is a mountain of great height which glows with eternal fires--its Greek name is the Chariot of the Gods; and four days' voyage from it is the cape called the Horn of the West, on the confine of Africa, adjacent to the Western Aethiopes [black Africans]. Some authorities also report hills of moderate height in this region, clad with agreeable shady thickets and belonging to Aegipanes and Satyri (Satyrs)."




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