THE KOURAI KHRYSEAI were animate statues of beautiful maidens forged out of gold by the divine smith Hephaistos. These Automotones attended the god in his Olympian palace.
Homer, Iliad 18. 416 ff (trans. Lattimore) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) :
"[Hephaistos left his bellows] took up a heavy stick in his hand, and went to the doorway limping. And in support of their master moved his attendants. These are golden, and in appearance like living young women. There is intelligence in their hearts, and there is speech in them and strength, and from the immortal gods they have learned how to do things. These stirred nimbly in support of their master."
- Homer, The Iliad - Greek Epic C8th B.C.