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DRAKON KYKHREIDES
 
Greek Name Transliteration Latin Spelling Translation
Δρακων Κυχρειδης Drakôn Kykhreidês Draco Cychreides Dragon of Cychreus

KYKHREIDES was a Drakon which plagued the island of Salamis until it was driven away by the hero Kykhreus. The monster fled to Eleusis where the goddess Demeter made it her companion.

PARENTS
Probably GAIA, though nowhere stated

ENCYCLOPEDIA

CYCHREUS or CENCHREUS (Kuchreus), a son of Poseidon and Salamis, became king of the island of Salamis, which was called after him Cychreia, and which he delivered from a dragon. He was subsequently honoured as a hero, and had a sanctuary in Salamis. (Apollod. iii. 12. § 7; Diod. iv. 72.) According to other traditions, Cychreus himself was called a dragon on account of his savage nature, and was expelled from Salamis by Eurylochus; but he was received by Demeter at Eleusis, and appointed a priest to her temple. (Steph. Byz. s. v. Kuchreios.) Others again said that Cychreus had brought up a dragon, which was expelled by Eurylochus. (Strab. ix. p. 393.) There was a tradition that, while the battle of Salamis was going on, a dragon appeared in one of the Athenian ships, and that an oracle declared this dragon to be Cychreus. (Paus. i. 36. § 1; comp. Tzetz. ad Lycoph. 110, 175; Plut. Thes. 10, Solon. 9.)

Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.


Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3. 161 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Kykhreus had become king [of the island of Salamis] by killing a Serpent which was preying on the island."

Strabo, Geography 9. 1. 9 (trans. Jones) (Greek geographer C1st B.C. to C1st A.D.) :
"And it is from the hero [Kykhreus] that the serpent Kykhreides took its name--the serpent which, according to Hesiodos, was fostered by Kychreus [on Salamis] and driven out by Eurylokhos because it was damaging the island, and was welcomed to Eleusis by Demeter and made her attendant."

Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 4. 72. 4 (trans. Oldfather) (Greek historian C1st B.C.) :
"Kykhreus became king of this island [Salamis] and acquired fame by reason of his slaying a Snake of huge size which was destroying the inhabitants of the island." - Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 4.72.1-5


Sources:

  • Apollodorus, The Library - Greek Mythography C2nd A.D.
  • Strabo, Geography - Greek Geography C1st B.C. - C1st A.D.
  • Diodorus Siculus, The Library of History - Greek History C1st B.C.