Web Theoi
HALIAI
 
Greek Name Transliteration Latin Name, Spelling Translation
Ἁλια Ἁλιας
Ἁλιαι Ἁλιαδες
Halia, Halias
Haliai, Haliades
Nymphae Marini
Nymphae Pelagi
Of the Sea (halia)
Ειναλιαι Θαλασσαι Einaliai Thalassai Einalii Thalassi Nymphs of the Sea

THE HALIAI or HALIADES were the nymphs of the Sea. They were depicted as beautiful maidens, sometimes riding through the sea on the backs of Hippokampoi (Fish-tailed horses), Ketea (Sea-monsters) and dolphins.

PARENTS
THE SEA-GODS (Various sources)

ENCYCLOPEDIA

HA′LIA (Halia). One of the Nereides (Hom. Il. xviii. 42; Apollod. i. 2. § 6); but the plural, Haliae, is used as a name for marine nymphs in general. (Soph. Philoct. 1470; Callim. Hymn. in Dian. 13.)

Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.


LIST OF SEA NYMPHS

AMPHITRITE One of the Nereides and the wife of Poseidon King of the Sea.

ARGYRA A Sea-Nymphe loved by the hero Selemnos.
BENTHESIKYME A Sea-Nymphe daughter of Poseidon and wife of Enalos king of Aithiopia.
EIDOTHEA A Sea-Nymphe daughter of Proteus.
GALATEIA One of the Nereides, she was loved by the Kyklops Polyphemos.
HALIA A Sea-Nymphe daughter of Pontos loved by Poseidon.
KABEIRO A Sea-Nymphe daughter of Proteus loved by Hephaistos.
KALLISTE A Sea-Nymphe daughter of Triton and goddess of the island of Kalliste.
KYMOPOLEIA A Sea-Nymphe daughter of Poseidon and the wife of the giant Briareos.
LEUKOTHEA A mortal woman and nurse of Dionysos who was transformed into a Sea-Nymphe at her death.
NEREIDES, THE The fifty Sea-Nymphe daughters of Nereus the old man of the sea.
PALLAS A Sea-Nymphe daughter of Triton. She was companion of Athene.
PSAMATHE One of the Nereides and the wife of the sea-god Proteus.
RHODE A Sea-Nymphe daughter of Poseidon and wife of Helios. She was goddess of the island of Rhodes.
SKYLLA A Sea-Nymphe daughter of Phorkys loved by Glaukos. She was transformed into a monster by Kirke.
THETIS One of the Nereides and the wife of the hero Peleus.
THOOSA A Sea-Nymphe daughter of Phorkys loved by Poseidon.
TRITEIA A Sea-Nymphe daughter of Triton loved by Ares.
TRITONIDES Sea-nymph daughters of the marine god Triton.
TRITONIS A Sea-Nymphe daughter of Triton and goddess of the salty Lake Tritonis of Libya.

Sophocles, Philoctetes 1470 ff (Greek tragedy C5th B.C.) :
"Chorus: Come let us go now all together, and pray to the Nymphai Haliai (of the Sea i) to grant us a prosperous voyage."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 7. 23. 1 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"Argyra, they say, was a Nymphe Thalassa (Sea)."

Orphic Hymn 24 to the Nereides (trans. Taylor) (Greek hymns C3rd B.C. to 2nd A.D.) :
"[The Nereides] fifty inspired Nymphai Einalioi (Of the Sea), who through the main delight to follow in the Tritones' train, rejoicing close behind their ars to keep; whose forms half wide are nourished by the deep, with other Nymphai of different degree, leaping and wandering through the liquid sea. Bright, watery dolphins, sonorous and gay, well-pleased to sport with Bacchanalian play; Nymphai beauteous-eyed, whom sacrifice delights, give plenteous wealth, and bless our mystic rites."

Ovid, Metamorphoses 13. 736 ff (trans. Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. to C1st A.D.) :
"Many a suitor sought her [the sea nymph Skylla's] hand, but she repulsed them all and went to the Nymphae Pelagi (Sea-Nymphs), she was the Sea-Nymphae's favourite, and told how she’d eluded all the young men’s love."

Statius, Silvae 3. 1. 144 ff (trans. Mozley) (Roman poetry C1st A.D.) :
"The very Nymphae of the green waters leap forth unbidden from their pumice caves; they cling to the streaming rocks nor think shame to gaze unseen on the naked wrestlers [of the Games]."

Statius, Silvae 2. 2. 102 ff :
"Often in autumn-time when the grapes are ripening, a Nereis [here probably meaning a sea-nymphe in general] climbs the rocks, and under cover of the shades of night brushes the sea-water from her eyes with a leafy vine-spray, and snatches sweet clusters from the hills. Often is the vintage sprinkled by the neighbouring foam; Satyri plunge into the waters, and Panes from the mountain are fain to grasp the Sea-Nympha as she flies naked through the waves."

Catullus, Carmina 64. 103 ff (Roman poetry C1st A.D.) :
"And then on that propitious day [the sailing of the first ship] mortal eyes gazed on the Nymphae Marini (Of the Sea) with naked bodies bare to the breasts outstanding from the foamy swirl."


Sources:

  • Sophocles, Philoctetes - Greek Tragedy C5th B.C.
  • Pausanias, Description of Greece - Greek Travelogue C2nd A.D.
  • The Orphic Hymns - Greek Hymns C3rd B.C. - C2nd A.D.
  • Ovid, Metamorphoses - Latin Epic C1st B.C - C1st A.D.
  • Statius, Silvae - Latin Poetry C1st A.D.
  • Cattulus, Carmina - Latin Poetry C1st B.C.
  • Others, see individual entries