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Greek Mythology >> Nymphs >> Haliae (Haliai)

HALIAI

Greek Name

Ἁλια Ἁλιαι

Transliteration

Halia, Haliai

Roman Name

Nymphae Marini

Translation

Of the Sea (halia)

Sea-Nymph riding Hippocamp | Greco-Roman mosaic from Carthage C3rd A.D. | Bardo Museum, Tunis
Sea-Nymph riding Hippocamp, Greco-Roman mosaic from Carthage C3rd A.D., Bardo Museum

HALIAI (Haliae) were the nymphs of the sea. They were depicted as beautiful maidens often riding through the sea on the backs of hippokampoi (fish-tailed horses) and dolphins.


FAMILY OF THE HALIAE

PARENTS

THE SEA-GODS (Various sources)


ENCYCLOPEDIA

HA′LIA (Halia). One of the Nereides (Hom. Il. xviii. 42; Apollod. i. 2. § 6); but the plural, Haliae, is used as a name for marine nymphs in general. (Soph. Philoct. 1470; Callim. Hymn. in Dian. 13.)

Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.


LIST OF NAMED HALIAE

AMPHITRITE One of the Nereides and the wife of Poseidon, King of the Sea.

ARGYRA A sea-nymph loved by the hero Selemnos.

BENTHESIKYME (Bethesicyme) A sea-nymph daughter of Poseidon and wife of Enalos king of Aithiopia (Ethiopia).

EIDOTHEA A sea-nymph daughter of Proteus.

GALATEIA (Galatea) A Nereid loved by the Kyklops Polyphemos (Cyclops Polyphemus).

HALIA A sea-nymph daughter of Pontos loved by Poseidon.

KABEIRO (Cabeiro) A sea-nymph daughter of Proteus loved by Hephaistos (Hephaestus).

KALLISTE (Calliste) A sea-nymph daughter of Triton and goddess of the island of Kalliste (Calliste).

KYMOPOLEIA (Cymopoleia) A sea-nymph daughter of Poseidon and the wife of the Hekatonkheir Briareos (Hecatoncheir Briareus).

LEUKOTHEA (Leucothea) A mortal woman and nurse of Dionysos who was transformed into a sea-nymph upon her death.

NEREIDES, THE (Nereids) The fifty sea-nymph daughters of Nereus, the Old Man of the Sea.

PALLAS A sea-nymph daughter of Triton and companion of the goddess Athene.

PSAMATHE The Nereid wife of the sea-god Proteus.

RHODE A sea-nymph daughter of Poseidon, wife of Helios, and goddess of the island of Rhodes.

SKYLLA (Scylla) A sea-nymph daughter of Phorkys (Phorcys) who was transformed into a monster by the witch Kirke (Circe).

THETIS The Nereid wife of the hero Peleus.

THOOSA A sea-nymph daughter of Phorkys loved by Poseidon.

TRITEIA A sea-nymph daughter of Triton loved by Ares.

TRITONIDES Sea-nymph daughters of the marine god Triton.

TRITONIS A sea-nymph daughter of Triton and goddess of the salt-lake Tritonis of Libya.


ALTERNATE NAMES

Greek Name

Ἁλιας Ἁλιαδες

Ειναλιαι Θαλασσαι

Transliteration

Halias, Haliades

Einaliai Thalassai

Roman Name

Nymphae Marini

Nymphae Pelagi

Translation

Of the Sea (halia)

Nymphs of the Sea


CLASSICAL LITERATURE QUOTES

Sophocles, Philoctetes 1470 ff (Greek tragedy C5th B.C.) :
"Chorus : Come let us go now all together, and pray to the Nymphai Haliai (Sea-Nymphs) to grant us a prosperous voyage."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 7. 23. 1 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"Argyra, they say, was a Nymphe Thalassa (Sea-Nymph)."

Orphic Hymn 24 to the Nereides (trans. Taylor) (Greek hymns C3rd B.C. to 2nd A.D.) :
"[The Nereides] fifty inspired Nymphai Einalioi (Nymphs of the Sea), who through the main delight to follow in the Tritones' train, rejoicing close behind their ars to keep; whose forms half wide are nourished by the deep, with other Nymphai of different degree, leaping and wandering through the liquid sea. Bright, watery dolphins, sonorous and gay, well-pleased to sport with Bacchanalian play; Nymphai beauteous-eyed, whom sacrifice delights, give plenteous wealth, and bless our mystic rites."

Ovid, Metamorphoses 13. 736 ff (trans. Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. to C1st A.D.) :
"Many a suitor sought her [the sea nymphe Skylla's] hand, but she repulsed them all and went to the Nymphae Pelagi (Sea-Nymphs), she was the Nymphae's favourite, and told how she'd eluded all the young men's love."

Statius, Silvae 3. 1. 144 ff (trans. Mozley) (Roman poetry C1st A.D.) :
"The very Nymphae (Nymphs) of the green waters leap forth unbidden from their pumice caves; they cling to the streaming rocks nor think shame to gaze unseen on the naked wrestlers [of the Games]."

Statius, Silvae 2. 2. 102 ff :
"Often in autumn-time when the grapes are ripening, a Nereis (Nereid) [here probably meaning a sea-nymph in general] climbs the rocks, and under cover of the shades of night brushes the sea-water from her eyes with a leafy vine-spray, and snatches sweet clusters from the hills. Often is the vintage sprinkled by the neighbouring foam; Satyri (Satyrs) plunge into the waters, and Panes from the mountain are fain to grasp the Sea-Nympha as she flies naked through the waves."

Catullus, Carmina 64. 103 ff (Roman poetry C1st A.D.) :
"And then on that propitious day [the sailing of the first ship] mortal eyes gazed on the Nymphae Marini (Nymphs of the Sea) with naked bodies bare to the breasts outstanding from the foamy swirl."

Thumbnail Sea-Nymph Riding Hippocamp

Z33.9 Sea-Nymph Riding Hippocamp

Greco-Roman Carthage Floor Mosaic C3rd A.D.

Thumbnail Sea-Nymph Riding Monster

Z33.9B Sea-Nymph Riding Monster

Greco-Roman Carthage Floor Mosaic C3rd A.D.

Thumbnail Sea-Nymph Riding Hippocamp

Z33.3 Sea-Nymph Riding Hippocamp

Greco-Roman Antioch Floor Mosaic C3rd A.D.

Thumbnail Sea-Nymph Riding Hippocamp

Z33.5 Sea-Nymph Riding Hippocamp

Greco-Roman Ephesus Floor Mosaic A.D.


SOURCES

GREEK

ROMAN

OTHER SOURCES

See individual Nymph pages.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

A complete bibliography of the translations quoted on this page.