Greek Name Transliteration Latin Spelling Translation
Θοωσα Thoôsa Thoosa Swift (thoôsa, thoos)

THOOSA was a Haliad nymph loved by the god Poseidon. She was probably a goddess of dangerously swift currents, as her name suggests.

Thoosa may have been conceived as a mermaid-like woman with the serpentine-tail of a fish in place of legs, similar in appearance to her sisters Skylla and Ekhidna.

PHORKYS (Homer Odyssey 1.70)
POLYPHEMOS (by Poseidon) (Homer Odyssey 1.70, Apollodorus E7.4)

Homer, Odyssey 1. 68 ff (trans. Shewring) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) :
"Polyphemos (Polyphemus), the Kyklops (Cyclops) whose power is greatest among the Kyklopes race and whose ancestry is more than human; his mother was the nymphe Thoosa, child of Phorkys (Phorcys) the lord of the barren sea, and she lay with Poseidon within her arching caverns."

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca E7. 4 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"A son of Poseidon and a nymphe named Thoose (Thoosa), an enormous man-eating wild man named Polyphemos, who had one eye in his forehead."

Theocritus, Idylls 11. 25 ff (trans. Rist) (Greek bucolic C3rd B.C.) :
"I [Polyphemos] fell in love with you [Galateia], maiden, the first time you came, with my mother, eager to cull the bluebells from our hillside: I was you guide."

Theocritus, Idylls 11. 62 ff :
"Only my [Polyphemos'] mother does me wrong, and it's her I blame. She's never said a single word on my behalf to you [Galateia], for all she sees me growing thin, day after day. I shall tell her that my head and both my feet are throbbing: so I'll be even, making her suffer, even as she makes me."


  • Homer, The Odyssey - Greek Epic C8th B.C.
  • Apollodorus, The Library - Greek Mythography C2nd A.D.
  • Theocritus Idylls - Greek Bucolic C3rd B.C.