HARPINA was the Naiad Nymph of a spring, well or fountain of the town of Pisa in Elis (southern Greece).
Named after the harpê, a sickle-shaped sword, she was a fitting consort for the war-god Ares. Her son was Oinomaos was equally barbarous, famed for decorating his palace with the heads of the many suitors of his daughter Hippodameia.
She was no doubt closely identified with the Pleiad Sterope, the mother of Oinomaos by Ares according to other sources.
|ASOPOS (Pausanias 5.22.6, Diodorus Siculus 4.73.1)
|OINOMAOS (by Ares) (Pausanias 5.22.6, Diodorus Siculus 4.73.1)
HARPINNA (Harpinna), a daughter of Asopus, from whom the town of Harpina or Harpinna in Elis was believed to have derived its name. (Paus. vi. 21. § 6.) She became by Ares the mother of Oenomaus. (v. 22. § 5.)
Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.
Pausanias, Description of Greece 5. 22. 6 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"The Phliasians also dedicated [at Olympia] a Zeus, the daughters of Asopos, and Asopos himself. Their images have been ordered thus: Nemea is the first of the sisters, and after her comes Zeus seizing Aigina; by Aigina stands Harpina, who, according to the traditions of the Eleans and Phliasians, mated with Ares and was the mother of Oinomaos, king around Pisa."
Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 4. 73. 1 (trans. Oldfather) (Greek historian C1st B.C.) :
"In the city of Pisa in the Peloponnesos Ares lay with Harpine, the daughter of Asopos, and begat Oinomaus."
- Pausanias, Guide to Greece - Greek Geography C2nd AD
- Diodorus Siculus, The Library of History - Greek History C1st BC