Web Theoi
STEROPE
 
Greek Name Transliteration Latin Spelling Translation
Στεροπη Steropê Sterope Flashing, Dazzling
Light (steropê)
Αστεροπη Asteropê Asterope Star-Eyed, Star-
Faced (astêr, ops)

STEROPE (or Asterope) was a Pleiad star-nymph of Pisa in Elis (southern Greece). She was loved by the god Ares and bore him Oinomaos.

Sterope was probably identified with the Naiad Harpina who is otherwise named as the mother of Oinomaos by Ares.

PARENTS
[1.1] ATLAS (Hesiod Astronomy Frag 1)
[1.2] ATLAS & PLEIONE (Apollodorus 3.110, Hyginus Fabulae 192, Hyginus Astronomica 2.21, Ovid Fasti 4.169 & 5.79)
OFFSPRING
[1.1] OINOMAOS (by Ares) (Hyginus Fabulae 84, Hyginus Astronomica 2.21)
[1.2] OINOMAOS, EUENOS (by Ares) (Plutarch Greek & Roman Parallel Stories 38)

ENCYCLOPEDIA

STE′ROPE (Steropê). A Pleiad, the wife of Oenomaus (Apollod. iii. 10. § 1), and according to Pausanias (v. 10. § 5), a daughter of Atlas.

Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.


Hesiod, Astronomy Fragment 1 (from Scholiast on Pindar's Nemean Odea 2.16) (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or 7th B.C.) :
"The Pleiades whose stars are these:--‘Lovely Teygata, and dark-faced Elektra, and Alkyone, and bright Asterope, and Kelaino, and Maia, and Merope, whom glorious Atlas begot.’"

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3. 110 - 111 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"To Atlas and Okeanos' daughter Pleione were born on Arkadian Kyllene (Cyllene) seven daughters called the Pleiades, whose names are Alkyone, Merope, Kelaino, Elektra, Sterope, Taygete, and Maia. Of these, Oinomaus married Sterope."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 5. 10. 6 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"[Amongst the scenes depicted on the pediment of the temple of Zeus at Olympia:] On the right of Zeus of Oinomaos with a helmet on his head, and by him Sterope his wife, who was one of the daughters of Atlas."

Pseudo-Plutarch, Greek and Roman Parallel Stories 38 (trans. Babbitt) (Greek historian C2nd A.D.) :
"Euenus, the son of Ares and Sterope, married Alkippe (Alcippe), the daughter of Oinomaüs (Oenomaus), and begat a daughter Marpessa."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 84 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Oenomaus, son of Mars and Asterope, daughter of Atlas."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 250 :
"Oenomaus, son of Mars by Asterie, daughter of Atlas."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Astronomica 2. 21 :
"The Pleiades are called seven in number, but only six can be seen. This reason has been advanced, that of the seven, six mated with immortals (three with Jove [Zeus], two with Neptunus [Poseidon], and one with Mars [Ares]) . . . Mars by Sterope begat Oenomaus, but others call her the wife of Oenomaus."

Ovid, Fasti 4. 169 ff (trans.Boyle) (Roman poetry C1st B.C. to C1st A.D.) :
"The Pleiades will start relieving their sire's [Atlas'] shoulders. Called seven, they are usually six, wither because six of them entered a god's embrace, for they say that Sterope lay with Mars [Ares]."


Sources:

  • Hesiod, Astronomy Fragments - Greek Epic C8th-7th B.C.
  • Apollodorus, The Library - Greek Mythography C2nd A.D.
  • Pausanias, Description of Greece - Greek Travelogue C2nd A.D.
  • Plutarch, Greek and Roman Parallel Stories - Greek History C1st-2nd A.D.
  • Hyginus, Fabulae - Latin Mythography C2nd A.D.
  • Hyginus, Astronomica - Latin Mythography C2nd A.D.
  • Ovid, Fasti - Latin Poetry C1st B.C. - C1st A.D.