Greek Name Transliteration Latin Spelling Translation
Ὑδη Hydê Hyde Of the Town of Hyde
"HYDE" was the Naiad Nymph of a spring, well or fountain of the town of Hyde (later Sardis) in Lydia (western Anatolia). She was the mother of Iphition, an ally of the Trojans in their war with the Greeks.

Homer does not name her Hyde, though from his description an eponymous Nymphe of this town is likely. Alternatively she may have been the goddess of Lake Gygaie.

GYGAIE (Homer Iliad 20.384)
IPHITION (by Otrynteus) (Homer Iliad 20.381)

Homer, Iliad 20. 381 ff (trans. Lattimore) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) :
"He [Akhilleus in the Trojan War] killed Iphition son of Otrynteus, a leader of many people whom a Naias Nymphe had borne to Otrynteus waster of cities, in the district of Hyde under the snowy heights of Mount Tmolos . . . [his] generation was of the lake waters of Gygaie, where is the allotted land of your fathers by fish-swarming [river] Hyllos and the whirling waters of Hermos."


  • Homer, The Iliad - Greek Epic C9th-8th BC