Greek Name Transliteration Latin Spelling Translation
Γυγαιη Gygaiê Gyge Lake Gyge

GYGAIE was a Lake-God or goddess of Lydia in Anatolia (modern Turkey).

Lake Gygaie was located near the city of Sardeis in Lydia. The most important neighbouring river was the Hermos just to the south.

TALAIMENES, HYDE (Homer Iliad 2.865, 20.384)

Homer, Iliad 2. 865 ff (trans. Lattimore) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) :
"Mesthles and Antiphos were leaders of the Maionians, sons of Talaimenes, who was born of lake Gygaie : these led the Maionian men whose home was beneath Mount Tmolos."

Homer, Iliad 20. 383 ff :
"Iphition the great son of Otrynteus . . . born of a Naias Nymphe to Otrynteus, sacker of cities, under the snows of Tmolos in the rich countryside of Hyde . . . [his] generation was of the lake waters of Gygaie, where is the allotted land of your fathers by fish-swarming Hyllos and the whirling waters of Hermos."


  • Homer, The Iliad - Greek Epic C8th B.C.