Greek Name Transliteration Latin Spelling Translation
Φαρμακεια Pharmakeia Pharmacia Poison, Sorcery

PHARMAKEIA (or Pharmacia) was the Naiad Nymph of a poisonous spring near the River Ilissos in Athens (southern Greece).

ILISSOS (Plato Phaedrus 229)


PHARMACEIA (Pharmakeia), the nymph of a well with poisonous powers, near the river Ilissus, in Attica; she is described as a playmate of Oreithyia (Plat. Phaed. p. 229, c.; Timaeus, Ixr. Plat. s.v.).

Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.

Plato, Phaedrus 229 (trans. Fowler) (Greek philosopher C4th B.C.) :
"Phaidros: I should like to know, Sokrates, whether the place is not somewhere here at which Boreas (the North Wind) is said to have carried off Oreithyia from the banks of the Ilissos? . . .
Sokrates: Oreithyia was playing with Pharmakeia (Pharmacia), when a northern gust carried her over the neighbouring rocks; and this being the manner of her death, she was said to have been carried away by Boreas."


  • Plato, Phaedrus - Greek Philosophy C4th BC