Web Theoi
TANAGRA
 
Greek Name Transliteration Latin Spelling Translation
Ταναγρα Tanagra Tanagra Of the Town Tanagra

TANAGRA was the Naiad Nymph of the spring, well or fountain of the town of Tanagra in Boiotia (central Greece).

She was a daughter of the local river-god Asopos who was loved by the gods Hermes and Ares.

PARENTS
[1.1] ASOPOS (Corinna Frag 654, Pausanias 9.20.1)
[1.2] ASOPOS & METOPE (Diodorus Siculus 4.72.1-5)
[2.1] AIOLOS (Pausanias 9.20.1)
OFFSPRING
[1.1] LEUKIPPOS, EPHIPPOS (by Poimandros) (Pausanias 9.20.1)
[2.1] A SON? (by Hermes)

ENCYCLOPEDIA

TANAGRA (Tanagra), a daughter of Aeolus or Asopus, and wife of Poemander, is said to have given the name to the town of Tanagra in Boeotia. (Paus. ix. 20. § 2; Strab. ix. p. 403.)

Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.


Corinna, Fragment 654 (trans. Campbell, Vol. Greek Lyric IV) (C5th B.C.) :
"Of these nine daughters [of Asopos] . . . Tanagra, [eponym of a cult centre of Hermes], was seized by Hermes."

Corinna, Fragment 666 :
"For your [Tanagra's] sake Hermes boxed against Ares."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 9. 20. 1 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"It is said that Pomandros married Tanagra daughter of Aiolos. But in a poem of Korinna she is said to be a daughter of Asopos. There is a story that, as she reached extreme old age, her neighbours ceased to call her by this name, and gave the name Graia (Old Woman), first to the woman herself and then to the city."

Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 4. 72. 1 (trans. Oldfather) (Greek historian C1st B.C.) :
"Asopos made his home in Phlios [Sikyonia], where he married Metope, the daughter of Ladon, to whom were born two sons, Pelasgos and Ismenos, and twelve daughters, Korkyra and Salamis, also Aigina, Peirene, and Kleone, then Thebe, Tanagra, Thespeia, and Asopis, also Sinope, and finally Ornia and Khalkis."


Sources:

  • Greek Lyric IV Corinna, Fragments - Greek Lyric C5th BC
  • Pausanias, Guide to Greece - Greek Geography C2nd AD
  • Diodorus Siculus, The Library of History - Greek History C1st BC