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ARES RETINUE
 
Greek Name Transliteration Latin Spelling Roman Name
Αρης Arês Ares Mars
OTHER ARES PAGES

Ares Intro, Index & Gallery
Ares God of
Ares Myths Part 1, Part 2
Ares Wrath
Ares Favour
Ares Family
Ares Loves
Ares Estate & Attributes
Ares Cult & Titles
Ares Summary

ARES was the great Olympian god of war, battlelust and manliness.

This page describes the divine attendants of the god, the most important of which were his sons Phobos (Fear) and Deimos (Terror) and sister Eris (Strife). All three were mentioned in the old Homeric epics.

Roman writers expanded this list to incorporate a host of other warlike abstractions to fill his royal court in Thrake.

In ancient art, however, his most recognisable attendant was Eros, the child-god of love, usually shown carrying off the armour of the god in the boudoir of Aphrodite.


ATTENDANTS OF ARES
DEIMOS & PHOBOS The twin gods of terror and fear were close companions of Ares. They drove the god's chariot and assisted him on the battlefield.
ERIS-ENYO The goddess of strife, hatred and war was sometimes called sister of Ares and was always described as his close companion. She drove his chariot, riding beside him into battle and raging amongst the hosts of the battlefield. Sometimes Eris and Enyo were regarded as distinct goddesses, two female attendants of the god.
KYDOIMOS The god of the din of war. He was sometimes mentioned as a third male minion of Ares alongside with Phobos and Deimos.
NIKE The goddess of victory was on a few rare occassions described as a minister of Ares.
OTHER ABSTRACTIONS Various Daimones or Spirits are described as serving in the Thrakian palace of Ares. Abstractions such as Rage, Anger, Threats, Death and Valour.

ARES ATTENDANTS: DEIMOS & PHOBOS

Homer, Iliad 13. 299 ff (trans. Lattimore) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) :
"Manslaughtering Ares istrides into battle and Deimos (Terror) goes on beside him, his beloved son, the powerful and dauntless, who frightens even the patient-hearted warrior: these two come out of Thrake to encounter in arms the Ephyroi or the great-hearted Phlegyes, but the two will not listen to prayers form both sides, but give the glory to one side or the other."

Homer, Iliad 4. 436 ff :
"Ares drove these [warriors] on . . . and Deimos (Terror) drove them, and Phobos (Fear), and Eris (Hate) whose wrath is relentless, she the sister and companion of murderous Ares."

Homer, Iliad 15. 110 ff :
"[Ares] ordered Phobos (Fear) and Deimos (Terror) to harness his horses, and himself got into his shining armour."

Hesiod, Theogony 934 ff (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or 7th B.C.) :
"Kythereia [Aphrodite] to Ares, stabber of shields, bore Phobos (Panic) and Deimos (Terror), dreaded gods, who batter the dense battalions of men embattled in horrible war, they say with Ares, sacker of cities."

Hesiod, The Shield of Heracles 191 ff (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or 7th B.C.) :
"And [depicted] on the shield [of Herakles] stood the fleet-footed horses of grim Ares made gold, and deadly Ares the spoil-winner himself. He held a spear in his hands and was urging on the footmen: he was red with blood as if he were slaying living men, and he stood in his chariot. Beside him stood Deimos (Fear) and Phobos (Flight), eager to plunge amidst the fighting men."

Hesiod, The Shield of Heracles 460 ff :
"Phobos (Panic) and Deimos (Terror) drove their smooth-running chariot and horses close up to him [Ares when he was wounded by Herakles], and lifted him from the wide-wayed earth and set him in the elaborate chariot and presently lashed on the horses, and they made their way to tall Olympos."

Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes 44 ff (trans. Smyth) (Greek tragedy C5th B.C.) :
"They [the warriors] swore an oath by Ares, by Enyo, and by Phobos (Rout) who delights in blood."

Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 10. 51 ff (trans. Way) (Greek epic C4th A.D.) :
"To one place Eris (Strife) drew them all, the fearful Battle-queen . . . Phobos (Panic) and Deimos (Fear) waited on her steps to make their father's [Ares] sister glorious."

Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 11. 7 ff :
"The Akhaians pressed hard on the Trojans even unto Troy. Yet these charged forth -- they could not choose but so, for Eris (Strife) and deadly Enyo in their midst stalked . . . Beside them raged the ruthless-hearted Keres (Fates) fiercely: here Phobos (Panic-fear) and Ares there stirred up the hosts: hard after followed Deimos (Dread) with slaughter's gore besprent, that in one host might men see, and be strong, in the other fear."

Statius, Thebaid 7. 64 ff (trans. Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) :
"Already Gradivus [Ares] with forward-straining steeds was trampling the Ephyrean shores . . . Then he orders Pavor (Panic) [Phobos], one of his fearful train, to go before the horses: none more skilled than he to insinuate grasping terror and to steal courage from the heart; voices and hands innumerable has the monster, and aspects to assume at will; all-persuasive is he, and his onslaughts drive cities mad with horror."

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 2. 414 ff (trans. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) :
"Now Zeus armed the two grim sons of Enyalios [Ares], his own grandsons, Phobos (Rout) and Deimos (Terror) his servant, the inseparable guardsmen of the sky: Phobos he set up with the lightning, Deimos he made strong with the thunderbolt, terrifying Typhon. Nike (Victory) lifted her shield and held it before Zeus: Enyo countered with a shout, and Ares made a din."

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 29. 364 ff :
"In hot haste he [Ares] leapt up, and awoke Phobos (Rout) and Deimos (Terror) to yoke his deadly quickrunning car. They obeyed their urgent father. Furious Demos set the crooktooth bit in the horses' mouths, and fastened their obedient necks under the yokestrap, and fitted the neckloop on each: Ares mounted the car, and Phobos took the reins and drove his father's chariot."

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 32. 175 ff :
"Deathly Ares [in Dionysos' war against the Indians] shouted as loud as nine thousand, with Eris (Discord) moving by his side to support him; in the battle he placed Phobos (Rout) and Deimos (Terror) to wait upon Deriades [the Indian King]."

Suidas s.v. Deimos (trans. Suda On Line) (Byzantine Greek lexicon C10th A.D.) :
"Deimos (Fear): [Deimos (Fear)] and Phobos (Fright) and Kydoimos (Din of War), attendants of Ares, the sons of war."

For MORE information on these Daimones see DEIMOS & PHOBOS


Z50.1C ARES,
PHOBOS, NIKE
F10.2 ARES,
APHRODITE, EROTES
Z10.4 ARES
APHRODITE, EROTES
 

ARES ATTENDANTS: KYDOIMOS

Suidas s.v. Deimos (trans. Suda On Line) (Byzantine Greek lexicon C10th A.D.) :
"Deimos (Fear): [Deimos (Fear)] and Phobos (Fright) and Kydoimos (Din of War), attendants of Ares, the sons of war."

For MORE information on this Daimon see KYDOIMOS


ARES ATTENDANTS: ERIS-ENYO

Homer, Iliad 4. 441 ff (trans. Lattimore) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) :
"Ares drove these [the Trojans] on . . . and Eris (Hate) whose wrath is relentless, she is the sister and companion of murderous Ares, she who is only a little thing at the first, but thereafter grows until she strides on the earth with her head striking heaven. She then hurled down bitterness equally between both sides as she walked through the onslaught making men's pain heavier."

Homer, Iliad 5. 518 ff :
"Their fighting work [was woken by] . . . man-slaughtering Ares, and Eris (Strife), whose wrath is relentless."

Homer, Iliad 5. 590 ff :
"And with him followed the Trojan battalions in their strength; and Ares led them with the goddess Enyo, she carrying with her the turmoil of shameless hatred."

Hesiod, The Shield of Heracles 148 ff (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or 7th B.C.) :
"Dread Eris, marshalling the slaughter of fighting men, cruel spirit, who took the senses and perception out of those fighters who tried to fight in the face of Zeus' son, [Ares] the War God, and the souls of these went under the ground, to the house of Hades."

Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes 44 ff (trans. Smyth) (Greek tragedy C5th B.C.) :
"They [the warriors] swore an oath by Ares, by Enyo, and by Phobos (Rout) who delights in blood."

Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 1. 158 ff (trans. Way) (Greek epic C4th A.D.) :
"Her [the Amazon Penthesilea] strong right hand laid hold on a huge halberd, sharp of either blade, which terrible Eris gave to Ares' child to be her Titan weapon in the strife [of the Trojan War] that raveneth souls of men."

Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 8. 324 ff :
"So man to man dealt death [in the Trojan War]; and joyed the Keres (Fates) and Moros (Doom), and fell Eris (Strife) in her maddened glee shouted aloud, and Ares terribly shouted in answer, and with courage thrilled the Trojans, and with panic fear the Greek."

Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 10. 51 ff :
"To one place Eris (Strife incarnate) drew them all, the fearful Battle-queen, beheld of none, but cloaked in clouds blood-raining: on she stalked swelling the mighty roar of battle, now rushed through Troy's squadrons, through Akhaia's now; Phobos (Panic) and Deimos (Fear) still waited on her steps to make their father's [Ares'] sister glorious."

Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 11. 7 ff :
"The Akhaians pressed hard on the Trojans even unto Troy. Yet these charged forth - they could not choose but so, for Eris (Strife) and deadly Enyo in their midst stalked, like the fell Erinnyes to behold, breathing destruction from their lips like flame. Beside them raged the ruthless-hearted Keres (Fates) fiercely: here Phobos (Panic-fear) and Ares there stirred up the hosts: hard after followed Deimos (Dread)."

Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 11. 151 ff :
"The black Keres (Fates) joyed to see their conflict [the Greeks & The Trojans], Ares laughed, Enyo yelled horribly. With corpses earth was heaped, with torrent blood was streaming: Eris (Strife incarnate) o'er the slain gloated."

Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 13. 85 ff :
"In deadly mood then charged they [the Greeks gaining entry to Troy] on the foe. Ares and fell Enyo maddened there: blood ran in torrents."

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 32. 175 ff (trans. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) :
"Deathly Ares [in Dionysos' war against the Indians] shouted as loud as nine thousand, with Eris (Discord) moving by his side to support him."

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 33. 55 ff :
"Battlestirring Ares in mortal shape, with Enyo by his side . . . has armed himself against Dionysos at Hera’s bidding and supports the Indian king [Deriades who warred against the god]."

For MORE information on these goddesses see ERIS and ENYO


ARES ATTENDANTS: NIKE

Nike was on a few rare occassions described as an attendant of Ares. In the mosaic above, she is depicted standing beside his throne.

Homeric Hymn 8 to Ares (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic B.C.) :
"Ares . . . O defender of Olympos, father of warlike Nike (Victory)."

For MORE information on this goddesses see NIKE


ARES ATTENDANTS: OTHER ABSTRACTIONS

Statius, Thebaid 7. 64 ff (trans. Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) :
"Barren forest [of Thrake], the sacred haunts of Mars [Ares] . . . where on the far slopes of Haemus his savage mansion is ringed by a thousand furies . . . Fit sentinels hold watch there: from the outer gate wild Impetus (Passion) leaps, and blind Nefas (Mischief) and Irae (Angers) flushing red and pallid Metus (Fear) [Phobos], and Insidia (Treachery) lurks with hidden sword, and Discordia (Discord) [Eris] holding a two-edged blade. Minis (Threats) innumerable make clamour in the court, sullen Virtus (Valour) stands in the midst, and Furor (Rage) exultant and armed Mors (Death) [Thanatos] with blood-stained visage are seated there; no blood but that of wars is on the altars, no fire but snatched from burning cities."


Sources:

  • Homer, The Iliad - Greek Epic C9th-8th BC
  • Hesiod, Theogony - Greek Epic C8th-7th BC
  • Hesiod, Shield of Heracles - Greek Epic C8th-7th BC
  • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes - Greek Tragedy C5th BC
  • Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy - Greek Epic C4th AD
  • Statius, Thebaid - Latin Epic C1st AD
  • Nonnos, Dionysiaca - Greek Epic C5th AD
  • Suidas - Byzantine Lexicographer C10th AD