Greek Name Transliteration Latin Spelling Translation
Ἑβρος Hebros Hebrus River Hebrus
HEBROS was a River-God of Kikonia, in eastern Thrake (modern day northern Greece, southern Bulgaria).

The River Hebros flowed into the Aegean Sea near the Greek colony of Ainos in Eastern Thrake, opposite the island of Samothrake. The major neighbouring rivers, personified by the Greeks, were the Istros (Danube) to the north, and Nestos in the west. A tributory of the Hebros, the Ardeskos (Maritsa), was also personified.

[1] RHODOPE (Lucian The Dance 51)
[2] Perhaps ABA

Alcaeus, Fragment 45a (trans. Campbell, Vol. Greek Lyric I) (C7th to 6th B.C.) :
"Hebros, you flow, the most beautiful of rivers, past Ainos into the turbid sea, surging throug the land of Thrake ((lacuna)) . . and many maidens visit you (to bathe) their (lovely) thighs with tender hands; they are enchanted (as they handle) you marvellous water like unguent."

Alcaeus, Fragment 45b (from Scholiast on Theocritus) :
"Alkaios says that the Hebros is the most beautiful of rivers and that it flows down through Thrake from Mount Rhodope and disgorges its waters by the city of Ainos."

Ovid, Heroides 2. 111 ff (trans. Showerman) (Roman poetry C1st B.C. to C1st A.D.) :
"The broad, broad realms of Lycurgus . . . where stretches icy Rhodope to Haemus with its shades, and sacred Hebrus drives his headlong waters forth."


  • Greek Lyric I Alcaeus, Fragments - Greek Lyric C6th B.C.
  • Ovid, Heroides - Latin Poetry C1st B.C. - C1st A.D.