Web Theoi
HYGEIA CULT
 
Greek Name Transliteration Latin Spelling Roman Name
Ὑγεια Hygeia Hygea Salus
OTHER HYGEIA PAGES
Hygeia General Info. & Myths

HYGEIA was a minor divinity worshipped in conjunction with her father, the medicine god Asklepios, as the goddess of good health.

In sculpture she was represented as a woman holding a serpent in her hands, sometimes in a two figure statue standing beside her father Asklepios.


S24.1 HYGEIA
S24.2 HYGEIA
S23.6 HYGEIA
 

CULT OF IN ATTIKA (SOUTHERN GREECE)

I) ATHENS Chief City of Attika

Pausanias, Description of Greece 1. 23. 5 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"[On the Akropolis, Athens] are figures of gods; of Hygeia (Health), whom legend calls daughter of Asklepios, and of Athena, also surnamed Hygeia."

II) OROPOS Village in Attika

Pausanias, Description of Greece 1. 34. 3 :
"[The temple of Amphiaraus in Oropos, Attika] The altar shows parts . . . The fourth portion of the altar is to Aphrodite and Panakeia (All-Curing), and further to Iaso (Healer), Hygeia (Health) and Athena Paionia (Healer)."


CULT IN MEGARIS (SOUTHERN GREECE)

I) MEGARA Chief City of Megaris

Pausanias, Description of Greece 1. 40. 6 :
"When you have ascended the citadel [at Megara] . . . you see . . . The image of Asklepios and also that of Hygeia were made by Bryaxis."


CULT IN KORINTHIA (SOUTHERN GREECE)

I) KORINTHOS Chief City of Korinthia

Pausanias, Description of Greece 2. 4. 5 :
"By this gymnasium [in Korinthos] are temples of Zeus and Asklepios. The images of Asklepios and Hygeia are of white marble."


CULT IN SIKYONIA (SOUTHERN GREECE)

I) TITANE Village in Sikyonia

Pausanias, Description of Greece 2. 11. 6 :
"[In the santuary of Asklepios at Titane, Sikyonia :] Of the image [of Alexanor, granson of Akslepios] can be seen only the face, hands, and feet, for it has about it a tunic of white wool and a cloak. There is a similar image of Hygeia (Health); this, too, one cannot see easily because it is so surrounded with the locks of women, who cut them off and offer them to the goddess, and with strips of Babylonian raiment. With whichever of these a votary here is willing to propitiate heaven, the same instructions have been given to him, to worship this image which they are pleased to call Hygeia."


CULT IN ARGOLIS (SOUTHERN GREECE)

I) ARGOS Chief City of Argolis

Pausanias, Description of Greece 2. 23. 4 :
"The most famous sanctuary of Asklepios at Argos contains at the present day a white-marble image of the god seated, and by his side stands Hygeia."

II) EPIDAUROS City in Argolis

Pausanias, Description of Greece 2. 27. 6 :
"[In the sanctuary of Asklepios at Epidauros, Argolis there is] a temple to Hygeia, Asklepios, and Apollon, the last two surnamed Aigyptios (Egyptian)."


CULT IN ELIS (SOUTHERN GREECE)

I) OLYMPIA Village & Sanctuary in Elis

Pausanias, Description of Greece 5. 20. 2 - 3 :
"[Depicted on table made by Kolotes at Olympia, Elis :] On one side are Asklepios and Hygeia (Health), one of his daughters."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 5. 26. 2- 3 :
"Along the left side of the great temple [at Olympia, Elis] Mikythos dedicated other offerings: [statues of] . . . deities, Asklepios and Hygeia."


CULT IN AKHAIA (SOUTHERN GREECE)

I) AIGION Town in Akhaia

Pausanias, Description of Greece 7. 23. 7 :
"[There is at Aigion, Akhaia] precinct of Asklepios, with images of him and Hygeia."


CULT IN ARKADIA (SOUTHERN GREECE)

I) MEGALOPOLIS Chief City of Arkadia

Pausanias, Description of Greece 8. 31. 1 :
"[At Megalopolis, Arkadia] is an enclosure sacred to the Great Goddesses (Megalai Theai) . . . Carved in relief before the entrance are, on one side Artemis, on the other Asklepios and Hygiea."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 8. 32. 4 :
"[At Megalopolis, Arkadia] there is a sanctuary of Asklepios, with images of the god and of Hygeia."

II) GORTYS Village in Arkadia

Pausanias, Description of Greece 8. 28. 1 :
"Here [Gortys, Arkadia] is a temple of Asklepios, made of Pentelic marble, with the god, as a beardless youth, and an image of Hygeia. Skopas was the artist."

III) TEGEA City in Arkadia

Pausanias, Description of Greece 8. 46. 1 :
"On one side of the image of Athene [at Tegea, Arkadia] stands Asklepios, on the other Hygeia, works of Skopas of Paros in Petelic marble."


CULT IN BOIOTIA (CENTRAL GREECE)

I) THESPIA Town in Boiotia

Pausanias, Description of Greece 9. 26. 8 :
"[At Thespia, Boiotia there is an] image of Tykhe, and in another place that of Hygeia."


Sources:

  • Pausanias, Description of Greece - Greek Travelogue C2nd A.D.