Custom Search
POSEIDON FAMILY
 
Greek Name Transliteration Latin Spelling Roman Name
Ποσειδων Poseidôn Poseidon Neptune
OTHER POSEIDON PAGES

Poseidon Intro, Index & Gallery
Poseidon Family
Poseidon Loves 1, Part 2
Poseidon Cult 1 Part 2

POSEIDON was the god of the sea, the sources of fresh water, horses and earthquakes. The majority of Poseidon's children were only linked to him with the briefest of genealogical references. Most of these were given his paternity to emphasize their rough and brutal nature (as in the many opponents of Herakles and his giant sons). Others were the mythical founders of certain (historical) noble houses, especially those of towns where the god was worshipped.

The quotes on this page are merely a collection of odd genealogical references. For actual myths featuring Poseidon, his loves and children, see the Poseidon Loves and Favour pages.


(1) DIVINE OFFSPRING
AIOLOS The God of the Winds and King of the Aiolian or Liparian Islands (in southern Italy). According to some, he was a son of Poseidon and Arne.
ASOPOS The God of the River Asopos of Argos (in southern Greece) and/or Boiotia (in central Greece). According to some, he was a son of Poseidon and the Nymphe Pero or Kelousa (but most accounts say he was born to Okeanos and Tethys like the rest of the River-Gods).
ATHENA The Goddess of Warcraft was, according to some, the daughter of Poseidon and Tritonis (contrary to the usual account in which she springs fully-grown from the head of Zeus). [This is a myth from Libyan Mythology whose native gods were identified with their closest Greek counterparts - Athena and Poseidon].
DAIMONES PROSEOOUS, THE Six Daimones (or Spirits) which haunted the sea-caverns of Eastern Rhodes (an island in the Greek Aegean). They were sons of Poseidon and the sea-goddess Halia.
DESPOINE The Goddess of certain Arkadian Mysteries. She was a daughter of Poseidon and Demeter.
PROTEUS An elderly Sea-God who was the son and seal-herder of Poseidon.
TELKHINES, THE Sea-Daimones and powerful but malignant sorcerors of the Aegean Islands who were burried beneath the sea by Zeus. According to some accounts they were sons of Poseidon and Thallatta (though these accounts seem to identify or confuse them with the Rhodian Daimones Proseoous above).
TRITON A fish-tailed Sea-God. He was a son of Poseidon and Amphitrite.
(2) NYMPHE OFFSPRING
AITHOUSA A Nymphe or Princess of Boiotia (in ventral Greece). She was a daughter of Poseidon by the Pleaid Alkyone.
BENTHESIKYME A Sea-Nymphe and Queen of Aithopia (Ethiopia in Africa). She was a daughter of Poseidon and Amphitrite.
HEROPHILE A Nymphe daughter of Poseidon and Aphrodite.
KYMOPOLEIA A Sea-Nymphe or Giantess daughter of Poseidon.
OUREA A Nymphe of the Troad (in Asia Minor). She was a daughter of Poseidon loved by Apollon.
RHODE A Sea Nymphe or Goddess of the Island of Rhodes (Greek Aegean),. She was the wife of the god Helios and a daughter of Poseidon by one of three goddesses: Amphitrite, Aphrodite or Halia.
(3) GIANT OFFSPRING
ALOADAI, THE Two Giants from Alos in Phthiotis (northern Greece) named Otos and Ephialtes who attempted to storm Heaven. They were sons of Poseidon and Iphimedeia.
ANTAIOS A King of Libya (in North Africa) who slew travellers to his country to roof the temple of Poseidon with their skulls. He was a son of Poseidon and Gaia the Earth.
EPHIALTES A Giant of Alos in Malis (northern Greece) who, with his brother Otos, attempted to storm Heaven. He was a son of Poseidon and Iphimedeia.
KHARYBDIS An immortal she-Giant who was chained beneath the Straits of Messina where her inhalations formed a massive whirlpool. Kharybdis was a daughter of Poseidon and Gaia.
KHRYSAOR A Giant King of the island of Erytheia (in the Atlantic Ocean) and / or Iberia (Spain). He was a son of Poseidon and Medousa.
LAISTRYGON The first King of the Laistrygones, a tribe of man-eating Giants. He was a son of Poseidon.
ORION A sea-walking Boiotian Giant (of central Greece), born of Poseidon and Euryale, or of the earth, fertilised by an ox-hide soaked with the urine of the three gods Poseidon, Zeus and Hermes.
OTOS A Giant of Alos in Malis (northern Greece) who, with his brother Ephialtes, attempted to storm Heaven. He was a son of Poseidon and Iphimedeia.
POLYPHEMOS A Kyklops or one-eyed Giant of Sikelia (Sicily in Southern Italia). He was a son of Poseiond and the sea-nymphe Thoosa.
(4) ANIMAL OFFSPRING
AREION An Immortal Horse owned by the heroes Herakles and Adrastos. He was the son of Poseidon and Demeter, born following their mating in the shape of horses.
KHRYSOMALLOS A golden-fleeced flying ram who spoke with a human tongue. He was a son of Poseidon and Theophane.
PEGASOS An Immortal winged Horse owned by the hero Bellerophon. He was a son of Poseidon and Medousa, sprung from his mother's severed neck.
(5) MORTAL OFFSPRING
ABAS A King of Euboia (in central Greece) and Eponym of the Abantes tribe who joined the expedition of the Argonauts. He was a son of Poseidon and the Nereis Arethousa.
AGELOS A King of the Island of Khios (in the Greek Aegean). He was the son of Poseidon and a Khian Nymphe.
AGENOR A King of Phoinikia (in West Asia). He was a son of Poseidon and Libya.
AIOLOS (or HELLEN) A Prince of the island of Ikaria (in the Greek Aegean). He was a son of Poseidon and Arne but was raised by the Ikarian King Metapontos and his wife Theano.
AKHAIOS A King of Akhaia and Sikyonia (in southern Greece) and Eponym of the Akhaian tribes. According to some, he was a son of Poseidon and Larissa (though others call him a son of Xuthos).
ALMOPOS The eponymous King of Almopia in Thrake (to the north of Greece). He was a child of Poseidon and Helle.
ALOEUS A Lord of the town of Alos in Phthiotis (in northern Greece). He was a son of Poseidon and Kanake.
ALTHEPOS A King of Troizenos in the Argolis (southern Greece). He was a son of Poseidon and Leis.
AMPHERES A King of one the ten Kingdoms of Atlantis (a mythical continent in the Atlantic Ocean). He was a son of Poseidon and Kleite.
AMPHIMAROS A Lord of Mt Helikon in Boiotia (central Greece) or Khalkis in Euboia (Central Greece). He was a son of Poseidon.
AMYKOS A brutal King of the Bebrykes tribe of Bithynia (in Asia Minor). He was a son of Poseidon and the Nymphe Melia.
ANKAIOS A King of the island of Samos (in the Greek Aegean) and pilot of the celebrated ship Argo. He was a son of Poseidon and Astypalaia (or, according to one author, of Poseidon and Althaia).
ANTHAS The first Lord and Eponym of the town of Anthedon in Boiotia (central Greece); and / or King of Troizenos in the Argolis (Southern Greece) and founder of the town of Antheia. He later also founded the city of Halikarnassos (in Asia Minor). Anthas was a son of Poseidon and the Pleaid Alkyone.
ASPLEDON A Lord and Founder of the town of Aspledon near Orkhomenos (central Greece). He was a son of Poseidon and the Nymphe Mideia.
ATLAS A King and Overlord of the ten Kingdoms of Atlantis (a mythical continent of the Atlantic Ocedan). He was a son of Poseidon and Kleite.
AUGEIAS A King of Elis (in southern Greece) who was, according to some, a son of Poseidon (but other accounts make him a son of Helios, Phorbas or Poseidon's son Eleios).
AUTOKHTHON A King of one the ten Kingdoms of Atlantis (a mythical continent in the Atlantic Ocean). He was a son of Poseidon and Kleite.
AZAES A King of one the ten Kingdoms of Atlantis (a mythical continent in the Atlantic Ocean). He was a son of Poseidon and Kleite.
BELLEROPHON A Hero and Prince of Korinthos (in southern Greece). He was a son of Poseidon and Queen Eurynome.
BELOS An early King of Aigyptos (Egypt in North Africa), son of Poseidon and Libya.
BOIOTOS A Prince of the island of Ikaria (in the Greek Aegean). He was a son of Poseidon and Arne (or Antiope) but was raised by King Metapontos and his wife Theano.
BOUSIRIS A King of Aigyptos (Egypt in North Africa) who sacrificed foreign visitors to the gods. He was a son of Poseidon and Lysianassa (or, according to some, of the Naias Anippe).
BOUTES An Athenian Lord (southern Greece) who joined the expedition of the Argonauts. According to some, he was a son of Poseidon (most, however, say his father was Teleon).
DELPHOS A Lord and Eponym of the town of Delphoi in Phokis (central Greece). According to some, he was a son of Poseidon and Melantho (although he is usually called a son of Apollon).
DERKYNOS A co-King of Liguria (in southern France) with his brother Ialebion. Both were sons of Poseidon.
DIAPREPRES A King of one the ten Kingdoms of Atlantis (a mythical continent in the Atlantic Ocean). He was a son of Poseidon and Kleite.
DIKTYS A Prince of Elis (in southern Greece), son of Poseidon and Agamede.
EDONOS The eponymous King of Edonia in Thrake (to the north of Greece). He was a son of Poseidon and Helle.
EIRENE A woman of the Island of Kalaureia in the Argolis (southern Greece). She was a daughter of Poseidon and the Nymphe Melantheia.
ELASIPPOS A King of one the ten Kingdoms of Atlantis (a mythical continent in the Atlantic Ocean). He was a son of Poseidon and Kleite.
ELEIOS A King and Eponym of Elis (in southern Greece). He was a son of Poseidon and Eurykyda.
EPHOKEUS A son of Poseidon and the Pleaid Alkyone (the name is probably a corruption of Epopeus, the King of Sikyon, see below).
EPOPEUS A King of Sikyonia (in southern Greece). He was, according to some, a son of Poseidon by either Kanake, Oinope or Alkyone (others called him a son of Aloeus).
ERGINOS A Lord of Miletos, Karia (in Asia Minor) and one of the Argonauts. He was a son of Poseidon.
ERYX A King of Elymoi in Sicily (southern Italy). According to some, he was a son of Poseidon (others, however, claimed he was a son of Aphrodite and Boutes).
EUADNE A Princess of Arkadia (in Southern Greece), daughter of Poseidon and Pitane.
EUAIMON A King of one the ten Kingdoms of Atlantis (a mythical continent in the Atlantic Ocean). He was a son of Poseidon and Kleite.
EUMOLPOS A King of one of the lands of Thrake (in northern Greece). He was carried off at birth by Poseidon to be raised in the land of Aithiopia (in Africa) and ended his life fighting on the side of the Eleusinians in Attika (Central Greece). Eumolpos was a son of Poseidon and the Nymphe Khione.
EUPHEMOS A Lord of either Hyria, Boiotia (in central Greece) or Psamathus on the Tainaron Peninsular of Lakedaimonia (in Southern Greece), and one of the Argonauts. He was a son of Poseidon and Europa, daughter of Tityos (or possibly Poseidon and Kelaino).
EURYPYLOS A King of the island of Kos (in the Greek Aegean). He was a son of Poseidon and Astypalaia.
EURYTOS One of the Molionidai, saimese twins and Princes of Olenos in Akhaia (southern Greece). They were sons of Molione and Poseidon (or her husband Aktor).
EUSIROS A Lord of Malis (in northern Greece), son of Poseidon and the Nymphe Eidothea.
GADEIROS (also EUMELOS) A King of one the ten Kingdoms of Atlantis (a mythical continent in the Atlantic Ocean). He was a son of Poseidon and Kleite.
HALLIRHOTHIOS A Lord of Attika (in southern Greece). He was a son of Poseidon and the Nymphe Euryte.
HIPPOTHOON (also HIPPOTHOUS) A Lord of Eleusis (in Attika), son of Poseidon and Alope.
HOPLEUS A Lord of Thessalia (in northern Greece). He as a son of Poseidon and Kanake.
HYPERES (or HYPERENOR) A King of Troizenos in the Argolis (southern Greece) and founder of the town of Hypereia. He was a son of Poseidon and the Pleaid Alkyone.
HYRIEUS The first Lord and Eponym of the town of Hyria in Boiotia (central Greece). He was a son of Poseidon and the Pleaid Alkyone.
IALEBION A co-King of Liguria (in Western Europe) with his brother Derkynos. Both were sons of Poseidon.
IDAS A Prince and Hero of Messenia (in southern Greece) who was, according to some, a son of Poseidon and Arene (most, however, say his father was King Aphareus).
KAUKON A Prince of Olenos or Messenia (in southern Greece), a son of Poseidon and Astydameia, the daughter of Phorbas.
KELAINOS The eponymous Lord of the Phrygian city of Kelainos (in Asia Minor) was a son of Poseidon and the Danais Kelaino.
KENKHRIAS A Lord of Korinthos (southern Greece) and Eponym of its harbour Kenkhrai. He was a son of Poseidon and the Nymphe Peirene.
KERKYON A barbaric King of Eleusis (in Attika) who, according to some, was a son of Poseidon and the daughter of Amphiktyon (but others claimed he was a son of Hephaistos or a mortal named Brankhos).
KHIOS A King and Eponym of the island of Khios (in the Greek Aegean). He was a son of Poseidon and a Khian Nymphe.
KHRYSES A King of Orkhomenos (in central Greece). He was a son of Poseidon and Khrysogeneia.
KROMOS The eponymous Lord of Krommyon in Korinthos (in southern Greece). He was a son of Poseidon.
KTEATOS One of the Molionidai, saimese twins and Princes of Olenos in Akhaia (Southern Greece). They were sons of Molione and Poseidon (or her husband Aktor).
KYKHREUS A King of the island of Salamis (in southern Greece). He as a son of Poseidon and the Naias Salamis.
KYKNOS A King of Kolonai in the Troad (Asia Minor) and ally of the Trojans in their war with the Greeks. He was a son of Poseidon and Kalyke whom his father made invulnerable to weapons.
LAMIA A Queen of Libya (in North Africa). She was a daughter of Poseidon (or Belos).
LEKHES A Lord of Korinthos (Southern Greece) and Eponym of its harbour Lekhaion. He was a son of Poseidon and the Nymphe Peirene.
LELEX The first King of Megara (in southern Greece), who emigrated to Greece from Aigyptos (Egypt in North Africa). He was a son of Poseidon and Libya.
LEUKON A Prince of Athamantia in Boiotia (central Greece). He was a son of Poseidon and Themisto, the wife of King Athamas (though most sources say the king was his natural father).
LYKOS (1) A man who was transferrred to the Islands of the Blest by Poseidon. He was a son of Poseidon and the Pleaid Kelaino (or according to others of her sister Alkyone).
LYKOS (2) A Lord of Dirphys, Euboia who wit his brother Nykteus slew Kreon and seized the throne of Thebes in Boiotia (central Greece). He was a son of Poseidon and Kelaino daughter of Ergeus.
MEGAREUS A Lord of Onkhestos in Boiotia (central Greece) and later King of Megara (Southern Greece). Some say he was a son of Poseidon and Oinope (though others say his father was Onkhestos, Oinope's husband).
MELAS A Lord of Khios (in the Greek Aegean). He was the son of Poseidon and a Nymphe.
MESSAPOS The eponymous King of Messapios (in southern Italy) and an ally of Turnus in his war against Aeneas. He was a son of Poseidon.
MESTOR A King of one the ten Kingdoms of Atlantis (a mythical continent in the Atlantic Ocean). He was a son of Poseidon and Kleite.
MINYAS An extremely weatlhty King of Orkhomenos who, according to some, was a son of Poseidon (though others say his father was Khryses, Aiolos, or Orkhomenos).
MNESEUS A King of one the ten Kingdoms of Atlantis (a mythical continent in the Atlantic Ocean). He was a son of Poseidon and Kleite.
MOLIONIDAI, THE A pair of saimese twins named Eurytos and Kteatos. They were Princes of Olenos in Akhaia (southern Greece) and later co-rulers of the neighbouring kingdom of Elis. The Molionidai were sons of Molione by either Poseidon or her husband Aktor.
MYGDON A King of the Bebrykes tribe of Bithynia (in Asia Minor). He was a son of Poseidon and the Nymphe Melia.
NAUPLIOS A Lord and Eponym of Nauplia a town in the Argolis (southern Greece). He was a son of Poseidon and Amymone.
NAUSITHOOS A King of the Phaiakoi of Korkyra (in north-western Greece). He was a son of Poseidon and Periboia.
NELEUS A King of Pylos (in southern Greece). He was a son of Poseidon and Tyro.
NIREUS A Lord of Thessalia (in northern Greece). He was a son of Poseidon and Kanake.
NYKTEUS A King of Thebes in Boiotia (central Greece) who seized lordship of the city with his brother Lykos. Nykteus was a son of Poseidon and Kelaino the daughter of Ergeus.
OIOKLOS A Lord and Founder of the town of Askra in Boiotia (Central Greece). He was a son of Poseidon and Askre.
ONKHESTOS A Lord and Founder of the town of Onkhestos in Boiotia (Central Greece). He was a son of Poseidon.
PAION The eponymous king of Paionia (to the north of Greece). He was a son of Poseidon and Helle.
PARNASSOS A Lord of Phokis (in central Greece). He was a son of the Nymphe Kleodora and either Poseidon or Kleopompos.
PELASGOS The first King of Arkadia (in southern Greece) and Eponym of the Pelasgian tribes. According to some, he was a son of Poseidon and Larissa (though others call him a son of Zeus or Earth-Born).
PELIAS A King of Iolkos in Thessalia (southern Greece). He was a son of Poseidon and Tyro.
PERATOS A King of Sikyonia (in southern Greece), son of Poseidon and Kalkhinia.
PERIKLYMENOS A son of Poseidon and Astypalaia. He was probably the same as the Argonaut Periklymenos, who is usually called a son of Neleus (and so a grandson of Poseidon). (The error-prone writer Hyginus probably included him by mistake in his list of Poseidon's sons).
PERIPHETES (also KORYNETES) A Bandit of Epidauros, Argolis (in southern Greece) who slew passerbys with his club. He was slain by Theseus. According to some, Periphetes was a son of Poseidon (but others say Hephaistos).
PHAIAX A King of the Phaiakoi (Phaeacians) of Korkyra (island, north-western Greece), son of Poseidon and the Nymphe Korkyra.
PHINEUS A King of Salmydessos in Thrake (northern Greece). He was, according to some, a son of Poseidon (though others say his father was Agenor).
PHOKOS A Lord of Tithorea in Phokis (central Greece) and epnym of the region. He was a son of Poseidon by the wife of the Korinthian prince Ornytion (Ornytion is also sometimes called his father).
PHTHIOS The first King of Phthiotis (in northern Greece). He was a son of Poseidon and Larissa.
POLTYS A King of Ainos, Thrake (to the north of Greece). He was a son of Poseidon.
PROKUSTES (also DAMASTES, POLYPEMOS) A Bandit of Attika (in southern Greece) who used to force passerbys to fit exactly into his bed--by amputation or stretching. He was a son of Poseidon.
SARPEDON A Prince of Ainos, Thrake (to the north of Greece). He ws a son of Poseidon.
SKEIRON A Bandit of the Megaris (in southern Greece) who kicked passerbys off a cliff and into the jaws of a giant turtle. According to some, he was a son of Poseidon (though others say his father was Pelops, Pylas or Kanethos).
TAPHIOS A pirate King of the Taphian Islands (in the Greek Aegean). He was a son of Poseidon and Hippothoe.
TARAS The eponymous King of Taras (in southern Italy). He was a son of Poseidon and a Tarentine Nymphe.
THASOS A King of the island of Thasos (in the Greek Aegean). According to some he was a son of Poseidon (though others identified his father as Agenor or Kilix).
THESEUS A Hero and King of Attika (in southern Greece). He was a son of Poseidon and Aithra, though King Aigeus believed he was the father.
TRIOPAS A King of one of the lands of Thessalia (in northern Greece). He was a son of Poseidon and Kanake.

GENEALOGICAL LISTING

OFFSPRING IMMORTAL

[1.1] TRITON (by Amphitrite) (Hesiod Theogony 939, Apollodorus 1.28, Hyginus Preface)
[2.1] KYMOPOLEIA (Hesiod Theogony 817)
[3.1] BENTHESIKYME (by Amphitrite) (Apollodorus 3.201)
[4.1] RHODE (by Amphitrite) (Apollodorus 1.28)
[4.2] RHODE (by Halia) (Diodorus Siculus 5.55.1)
[4.3] RHODE (by Aphrodite) (Pindar Olympian 7)
[4.4] RHODE, HEROPHILOS (by Aphrodite) (Scholiast on Pindar's Pythian 8.24)
[5.1] PROTEUS (Apollodorus 2.105, Lycophron 112)
[6.1] AREION (by Demeter) (Apollodorus 3.77)
[6.2] DESPOINE (by Demeter) (Callimachus Frag 652)
[6.3] AREION, DESPOINE (by Demeter) (Pausanias 8.25.5)
[7.1] PEGASOS, KHRYSAOR (by Medousa) (Hesiod Theogony 278, Apollodorus 2.42, Hyginus Pref& Fabulae 151, Nonnus Dionysiaca 31.13)
[7.2] PEGASOS (by Medousa) (Hyginus Astr 2.18, Metamorphoses 4.781 & 6.119)
[8.1] KHRYSOMALLOS (by Theophane) (Hyginus Fabulae 188, Ovid Metamorphoses 6.118)
[9.1] ASOPOS (by Pero) (Apollodorus 3.156)
[9.2] ASOPOS (by Kelouse) (Pausanias 2.12.4)
[10.1] ATHENA (by Tritonis) (Pausanias 1.14.6)
[10.2] ATHENA (by Polyphe) (Suidas 'Hippeia Athena')
[11.1] THE DAIMONES PROSEOOUS (by Halia) (Diodorus Siculus 5.55.4)
[11.2] THE TELKHINES (Nonnus Dionysiaca 14.36)
[12.1] KHARYBDIS (by Gaia) (Other references)

OFFSPRING MORTAL

KINGDOM OF ATTIKA (Southern Greece)

[1.1] THESEUS (by Aithra) (Apollodorus 3.208 & 216, Hyginus Fabulae 37)
[1.2] THESEUS (Plato Republic 391c, Pausanias 1.17.3, Plutarch Greek & Roman Parallel Stories 34)
[2.1] HALLIRHOTHIOS (Pausanias 1.21.4)
[3.1] BOUTES (Hesiod Catalogues of Women Frag 72)
[4.1] KERKYON (by Amphiktyon's daughter) (Pausanias 1.14.3)
[5.1] HIPPOTHOON (by Alope) (Pausanias 1.5.2 & 1.39.3)
[6.1] PROKRUSTES (Hyginus Fabulae 38)

KINGDOM OF MEGARIS (Southern Greece)

[1.1] SKEIRON (Apollodorus E1.2)
[2.1] LELEX (by Libya) (Pausanias 1.44.3)
[3.1] MEGAREUS (Pausanias 1.39.5)

KINGDOM OF SALAMIS (Southern Greece)

[1.1] KYKHREUS (by Salamis) (Apollodorus 3.161, Pausanias 1.35.2, Diodorus Siculus 4.72.1-5)

KINGDOM OF KORINTHOS (Southern Greece)

[1.1] BELLEROPHON (by Eurynome-Eurymede) (Hesiod Catalogues of Women Frag 7, Hyginus Fabulae 157)
[2.1] LEKHES, KENKHRIAS (by Peirene) (Pausanias 2.2.2)
[3.1] KROMOS (Pausanias 2.1.3)

KINGDOM OF SIKYONIA (Southern Greece)

[1.1] EPOPEOS (by Kanake) (Apollodorus 1.53)
[1.2] EPHOKEUS (by Alkyone) (Hyginus Fabulae 157)
[2.1] PERATOS (by Khalkinia) (Pausanias 2.5.7)

KINGDOM OF ARGOLIS (Southern Greece)

[1.1] NAUPLIOS (by Amymone) (Apollodorus 2.23, Apollonius Rhodius 1.136, Strabo 8.6.2, Pausanias 2.38.2, Hyginus Fabulae 169)
[2.1] ALTHEPOS (by Leis) (Pausanias 2.30.5)
[3.1] HYPERES, ANTHAS (by Alkyone) (Pausanias 2.30.8 & 9.22.5)
[3.2] HYPERENOR (by Alkyone) (Apolllodorus 3.111)
[4.1] PERIPHETES (Hyginus Fabulae 38)
[5.1] EIRENE (by Melantheia)
[6.1] AKHAIOS, PHTHIOS, PELASGOS (by Larissa)

KINGDOM OF MESSENIA & PYLOS (Southern Greece)

[1.1] NELEUS (by Tyro) (Homer Odyssey 11.236, Hesiod Catalogues Frag 13, Apollodorus 1.90, Diodorus Sicilus 4.68.1, Hyginus Fabulae 157)
[1.2] NELEUS (Pausanias 4.2.5)
[2.1] IDAS (by Arene) (Apollodorus 3.117)

KINGDOM OF ELIS (Southern Greece)

[1.1] AUGEIAS (Apollodorus 2.88)
[2.1] KTEATOS & EURYTOS (by Molione) (Hesiod Catalogues of Women Frag 9, Pindar Olympian Ode 11, Apollodorus 2.129, Pausanias 8.14.9, Athenaeus 57f-58a)
[3.1] ELEIOS (by Eurykyda) (Pausanias 5.1.8)
[4.1] DIKTYS (by Agamede) (Hyginus Fabulae 157)
[5.1] KAUKON (by Astydameia) (Aelian Miscellany 1.24)

KINGDOM OF ARKADIA (Southern Greece)

[1.1] EUADNE (by Pitane) (Pindar Olympian Ode 6)
[1.2] EUADNE (by Lena) (Hyginus Fabulae 157)

KINGDOM OF BOIOTIA (Central Greece)

[1.1] EUPHEMOS (by Europa) (Pindar Pythian Ode 4, Hyginus Fabulae 14 & 157)
[1.2] EUPHEMOS (by Mekionike) (Hesiod Great Eoiae Frag 6)
[1.3] EUPHEMOS (by Kelaino) (Hyginus Fabulae 157)
[1.4] EUPHEMOS (Apollodorus 1.113, Pausanias 5.17.9)
[2.1] ORION (by Euryale) (Hesiod Astronomy Frag 4, Apollodorus 1.25, Hyginus Astronomica 2.34)
[2.2] ORION (earth impregnated by an ox-hide soaked with the urine of Poseidon, Hermes and Zeus) (Hyginus Fabulae 195 & Astronomica 2.34, Ovid Fasti 5.493, Nonnus Dionysiaca 13.96)
[2.3] ORION (Valerius Flaccus 4.104)
[3.1] HYRIEUS, AITHOUSA (by Alkyone) (Apollodorus 3.110)
[3.2] HYRIEUS (by Alkyone) (Hyginus Fabulae 157)
[3.3] AITHOUSA (Pausanias 9.20.1)
[4.1] ANTHAS, HYPERES (by Alkyone) (Pausanias 9.22.5)
[5.1] LYKOS 1 (by Kelaino Pleias) (Apollodorus 3.110)
[5.2] LYKOS 2 & NYKTEUS (by Kelaino Argeis) (Hyginus Fabulae 31, 76, 157)
[6.1] MEGAREUS (Pausanias 1.39.5)
[6.2] MEGAREUS (by Oinope) (Hyginus Fabulae 157)
[7.1] ONKHESTOS (Pausanias 9.26.5)
[8.1] OIOKLOS (by Askre) (Pausanias 9.29.1)
[9.1] ASPLEDON (by Mideia) (Pausanias 9.38.8)
[10.1] AMPHIMAROS (Pausanias 9.29.5)
[11.1] LEUKON (by Themisto) (Hyginus Fabulae 157)

KINGDOM OF EUBOIA (Central Greece)

[1.1] ABAS (by Arethousa) (Hyginus Fabulae 157)

KINGDOM OF PHOKIS (Central Greece)

[1.1] PARNASSOS (by Kleodora) (Pausanias 10.6.13)
[2.1] PHOKOS (by the wife of Ornytion) (Pausanias 2.4.3)
[3.1] DELPHOS (by Melantho) (Other references)

KINGDOM OF ORKHOMENOS (Central Greece)

[1.1] MINYAS (Hesiod Catalogues of Women Frag 84)
[2.1] KHRYSES (by Khrysogeneia) (Pausanias 9.36.4)

KINGDOM OF MALIS (Northern Greece)

[1.1] EUSIROS (by Eidothea) (Antoninus Liberalis 22)

KINGDOMS OF THESSALIA (Northern Greece)

[1.1] PELIAS, NELEUS (by Tyro) (Homer Odyssey 11.236, Hesiod Catalogues Frag 13, Apollodorus 1.90, Diodorus Sicilus 4.68.1, Hyginus Fabulae 157)
[2.1] OTOS, EPHIALTES (by Iphimedeia) (Homer Odyssey 11.305, Hesiod Catalogues Frag 6, Apollodorus 1.53, Hyginus Fabulae 28, Ovid Metamorphoses 6.117)
[3.1] HOPLEOS, NIREOS, TRIOPS, ALOEUS (by Kanake) (Apollodorus 1.53)
[3.2] TRIOPAS (by Kanake) (Callimachus Hymn to Demeter 99)
[4.1] HELLEN, BOIOTOS (by Antiope) (Hyginus Fabulae 157)

KINGDOMS OF THRAKE (North of Greece)

[1.1] EUMOLPOS (by Khione) (Apollodorus 3.201, Pausanias 3.15.4, Hyginus Fabulae 157)
[2.1] POLTYS, SARPEDON (Apollodorus 2.105)
[3.1] PHINEUS (Apollodorus 1.120)
[4.1] EDONOS, PAION ( by Helle) (Hyginus Astronomica 2.20)
[4.2] ALMOPOS, PAION (by Helle) (Stephanus Byzantium s.v. Almopia)

KINGDOM OF TAPHOS (Greek Aegean)

[1.1] TAPHIOS (by Hippothoe) (Apollodorus 2.50)

KINGDOM OF THASOS (Greek Aegean)

[1.1] THASOS (Apollodorus 3.3)

KINGDOM OF KHIOS (Greek Aegean)

[1.1] KHIOS (by a Khian Nymphe) (Ion of Chios Frag, Pausanias 7.4.8)
[2.1] MELAS, AGELOS (by a Khian Nymphe) (Ion of Chios Frag, Pausanias 7.4.8)

KINGDOM OF SAMOS (Greek Aegean)

[1.1] ANKAIOS (by Astypalaia) (Apollonius Rhodius 2.866, Pausanias 7.4.1, Hyginus Fabulae 157)
[1.2] ANKAIOS (by Althaia) (Hyginus Fabulae 14)

KINGDOM OF KOS (Greek Aegean)

[1.1] EURYPYLOS (by Astypalaia) (Apollodorus 2.138, Hyginus Fabulae 157)

KINGDOM OF TROIA (Anatolia)

[1.1] KYKNOS (Homerica Cypria Frag 1, Pausanias 10.14.1, Ovid Metamorphoses 12.72)
[1.2] KYKNOS (by Kalyke) (Hyginus Fabulae 157)
[2.1] OUREA (Hyginus Fabulae 159)

KINGDOM OF KARIA (Anatolia)

[1.1] ERGINOS (Apollodorus 1.113, Hyginus Fabulae 14)

KINGDOM OF PHRYGIA (Anatolia)

[1.1] KELAINOS (by Kelaino Danais) (Strabo 12.8.18)

KINGDOM OF BITHYNIA (Anatolia)

[1.1] AMYKOS, MYGDON (by a Bithynian Nymphe) (Apollodorus 1.119 & 2.100)
[1.2] AMYKOS (by Melia) (Hyginus Fabulae 17 & 157)

KINGDOM OF PHOINIKIA (West Asia)

[1.1] AGENOR (by Libya) (Apollodorus 2.10, Hyginus Fabulae 157)

KINGDOM OF ERYTHEIA (Red Sea)

[1.1] KHRYSAOR (by Medousa) (Hesiod Theogony 278, Apollodorus 2.42, Hyginus Preface & Fabulae 151, Nonnus Dionysiaca 31.13)

KINGDOM OF EGYPT (North Africa)

[1.1] BELOS (by Libya) (Apollodorus 2.10, Hyginus Fabulae 157)
[2.1] BOUSIRIS (by Lysianassa) (Apollodorus 2.116)
[2.2] BOUSIRIS (by Libya) (Hyginus Fabulae 157)
[2.3] BOUSIRIS (by Anippe) (Plutarch Greek & Roman Parallel Stories 38)
[2.4] BOUSIRIS (Hyginus Fabulae 56)

KINGDOM OF LIBYA (North Africa)

[1.1] LAMIA (Stesichorus Frag 220, Pausanias 10.12.2)
[2.1] ANTAIOS (by Gaia) (Apollodoros 2.115)

KINGDOM OF PHAIAKOI (West Mediterranean)

[1.1] PHAIAX (by Korkyra) (Diodorus Siculus 4.72.1)
[2.1] NAUSITHOOS (by Periboia)

KINGDOM OF ATLANTES (West Mediterranean)

[1.1] ATLAS, GADEIROS, AMPHERES, EUAIMON, MNESEOS, AUTOKHTHON, ELASIPPOS, MESTOR, AZAES, DIAPREPRES (by Kleito) (Plato Critias 114b)

KINGDOMS OF SIKELIA (Southern Italy)

[1.1] POLYPHEMOS (by Thoosa) (Homer Odyssey 1.70, Apollodorus E7.4)
[1.2] POLYPHEMOS (Philostratus Elder 2.18, Ovid Metamorphoses 13.857; Hyginus Fabulae 125, Valerius Flaccus 4.104)
[2.1] ERYX (Apollodorus 2.110)

KINGDOM OF MESSAPIUS (Southern Italy)

[1.1] MESSAPOS (Virgil Aeneid)
[2.1] TARAS (by a Tarentine Nymphe) (Pausanias 10.10.8)

KINGDOM OF LIGURIA (Southern France)

[1.1] IALEBION, DERKYNOS (Apollodorus 2.109)

KINGDOM OF THE LAISTRYGONES

[1.1] LAISTRYGON (Hesiod Catalogues of Women Frag 40A)


GENERAL LIST OF SONS

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 157 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Sons of Neptunus [Poseidon]. Boeotus and Hellen by Antiope, daughter of Aeolus. Agenor and Belus by Libya, daughter of Epaphus. Leucon by Themisto, daughter of Hypseus. Abas by Arethusa, daughter of Nereus. Belus and Actor. Euadne by Lena, daughter of Leucippus. Cycnus by Calyce, daughter of Hecato. Bellerophon by Eurymede, daughter of Nisus. Hyrieus by Alcyone, daughter of Atlas. Ephoceus by Alcyone, daughter of Atlas. Dictys by Agamede, daughter of Augeias. Megareus by Oenope, daughter of Epopeus. Periclymenus, Eurypylus and Ancaeus by Astypale, daughter of Phoenix. Neleus and Pelias by Tyro, daughter of Salmoneus. Euphemus, Lycus and Nycteus by Celaeno daughter of Ergeus. Peleus Arprites. Ancaeus by Althaea, daughter of Thestius. Eumolpus by Chiona, daughter of Aquilo [Boreas]. Nauplius by Amymone, daughter of Danaus. In the same way, Euphemus by Europa, daughter of Tityus. Amycus by Melie, daughter of Oceanus. Busiris by Libya, daughter of Epaphus."


THE AEGEAN & MEDITTERANEAN SEAS

LOVED: 1 - 5. Amphitrite, goddess of the sea; 2 & 6. Aphrodite
SIRED: 1. Triton, sea-god; 2. Rhode, goddess of Rhodes; 3. Kymopoleia, sea nymph;
4. Benthesikyme, sea nymph; 5. Proteus, sea-god; 6 Herophilos, sibyl

1) TRITON, PROTEUS, RHODE, KYMOPOLEIA & BENTHESIKYME Sea Gods & Nymphs

Hesiod, Theogony 930 ff (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) :
"And of Amphitrite and the loud-roaring Earth-Shaker [Poseidon] was born great, wide-ruling Triton, and he owns the depths of the sea, living with his dear mother and the lord his father in their golden house, an awful god."

Hesiod, Theogony 817 ff :
"Briareos, the deep-roaring Earth-Shaker [Poseidon] made his son-in-law, giving him Kymopoleia his daughter to wed."

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. 28 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Poseidon married Amphitrite, and had as children Triton and Rhode."

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 2. 105 :
"Poseidon’s son Proteus."

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3. 201 :
"His [Poseidon's] and Amphitrite’s daughter Benthesikyme (Deep-Waves)."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Preface (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"From Neptunus [Poseidon] and Amphitrite [was born] : Triton."

For the MYTH of Poseidon & Amphitrite see Poseidon Loves: Amphitrite
For MORE information on these offspring see TRITON, PROTEUS, RHODE, KYMOPOLEIA, BENTHESIKYME

3) RHODE & HEROPHILE Goddess Nymph & Sibyl

Pindar, Olympian Ode 7. 13 ff (trans. Conway) (Greek lyric C5th B.C.) :
"Praise the sea maid [Rhode], daughter of Aphrodite, bride of Helios, this isle of Rhodes."

For the MYTH of the god's seduction of Aphrodite see Poseidon Loves: Aphrodite
For MORE information on their offspring see RHODE, HEROPHILE


FAMILY IN ATTIKA (SOUTHERN GREECE)

LOVED: 5. Amphiktyon's daughter, princess of Eleusis; 6. Alope, princess of Eleusis
SIRED: 1. Theseus, king of Athens; 2. Halirrhothios, Athenian lord; 3. Boutes, Athenian lord;
4. Eumolpos, Eleusinian lord; 5. Kerkyon, king of Eleusis; 6. Hippothoon, prince of Eleusis;
7. Prokrustes, bandit

1) THESEUS King of Athens

For the MYTH of the seduction of Theseus' mother see Poseidon Loves: Aithra
For MYTHS of Poseidon & his son Theseus see Poseidon Family / Favour: Theseus

2) HALIRRHOTHIOS Athenian Lord

Pausanias, Description of Greece 1. 21. 4 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"They say that [in Athens] Poseidon's son Halirrhothios deflowered Alkippe the daughter of Ares, who killed the ravisher and was the first to be put on his trial for the shedding of blood."

3) BOUTES Athenian Lord

Hesiod, Catalogues of Women Fragment 72 (from Eustathius on Homer's Iliad 13. 44) (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) :
"Boutes, it is said, was a son of Poseidon : so Hesiod in the Catalogue."

4) EUMOLPOS Eleusinian Lord

See section on Thrake (below)

5) KERKYON King of Eleusis

Pausanias, Description of Greece 1. 14. 3 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"Khoirilos, an Athenian, who wrote a play called Alope, says that Kerkyon [King of Eleusis] and Triptolemos were brothers, that their mother was the daughter of Amphiktyon, while the father of Triptolemos was Raros, of Kerkyon, Poseidon."

6) HIPPOTHOON Eleusinian Lord

For the MYTH of the seduction of Hippothoon's mother see Poseidon Loves: Alope

7) PROKRUSTES Bandit on road to Athens

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 38 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Labours of Theseus . . . He killed Procrustes, son of Neptunus [Poseidon]. when a guest came to visit him, if he was rather tall, he brought a shorter bed, and cut off therest of his body; if rather short, he gave him a longer bed, and by haning anvils to him stretched him to match the lenght of the bed."


FAMILY IN MEGARIS (SOUTHERN GREECE)

SIRED: 1. Lelex, king of Megara; 2. Megareus, king of Megara; 3. Skeiron, bandit

1) LELEX King of Megara

Pausanias, Description of Greece 1. 44. 3 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"Lelex [was the first king of Megara], who they say arrived from Aigyptos (Egypt) and became king, being the son of Poseidon and of Libya, daughter of Epaphos."

2) MEGAREUS King of Megara

Pausanias, Description of Greece 1. 39. 5 :
"The Boiotians declare that Megareus, son of Poseidon, who dwelt in Onkhestos, came with an army of Boiotians to help Nisos wage the war against Minos; that falling in the battle he was buried on the spot, and the city was named Megara from him, having previously been called Nisa."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 1. 39. 6 :
"They say further that Nisos [King of Megara] was succeeded by Megareos, the son of Poseidon, who married Iphinoe, the daughter of Nisos, but they ignore altogether the Kretan war and the capture of the city in the reign of Nisos."

3) SKEIRON Bandit of the Skeironides Rocks

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca E1. 2 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"He [Theseus] killed Skeiron the Korinthian, son of Pelops (or, according to some, Poseidon). He was control of the rocks called after him the Skeironides, located in Megarian land, where he forced people travelling by to wash his feet. As they did so, he pushed them into the depths of the sea to become food for an enormous turtle. Theseus grabbed him by his feet and slung him into the sea."


FAMILY IN SALAMIS (SOUTHERN GREECE)

LOVED: 1. Salamis, Naiad nymph
SIRED: 1. Kykhreus, king of Salamis

1) KYKRHEUS King of Salamis

Corinna, Fragment 654 (trans. Campbell, Vol. Greek Lyric IV) (C6th B.C.) :
"Of these nine daughters [of the Argive River-God Asopos] . . . Korkyra and Salamis and lovely Euboia were stolen by father Poseidon."

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3. 161 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Kykhreus the son of Poseidon and Asopos’ daughter Salamis."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 1. 35. 2 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"It is said that the first to give this name [Salamis] to the island was Kykhreus, who called it after his mother Salamis, the daughter of Asopos."

Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 4. 72. 4 (trans. Oldfather) (Greek historian C1st B.C.) :
"Salamis was seized by Poseidon and taken to the island which was named Salamis after her; and she lay with Poseidon and bore Kykhreus, who became king of this island."

For MORE information on the Nymphe Salamis see SALAMIS


FAMILY IN KORINTHOS (SOUTHERN GREECE)

LOVED: 1. Eurynome, queen Korinthos; 2. Peirene, Naiad nymph; 3. Ornytion's wife, queen Korinthos
SIRED: 1. Bellerophon, prince of Korinthos; 2. Lekhes & Kenkhrias, Korinthian lords; 3. Phokos, prince of Korinthos; 4. Kromos, Lord of Krommyon

1) BELLEROPHON Prince of Korinthos

For the MYTH of the seduction of Bellerophon's mother see Poseidon Loves: Eurynome

2) LEKHES & KENKHRIAS Korinthian Lords

Pausanias, Description of Greece 2. 2. 2 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"Lekhes and Kenkhrias [of Korinthos], said to be children of Poseidon and Peirene the daughter of Akheloos, though in the poem called The Great Eoiai Peirene is said to be a daughter of Oibalos."

4) PHOKOS Prince of Korinthos

Pausanias, Description of Greece 2. 4. 3 :
"Ornytion [son of Sisyphos King of Korinthos] had a son Phokos (Seal), reputed to have been begotten by Poseidon. He migrated to Tithorea in what is now called Phokis, but Thoas, the younger son of Ornytion, remained behind at Korinthos."

3) KROMOS Lord of Kromyon

Pausanias, Description of Greece 2. 1. 3 :
"In the Korinthian territory is also the place called Kromyon from Kromos the son of Poseidon."


FAMILY IN SIKYONIA (SOUTHERN GREECE)

LOVED: 2. Khalkinia, princess of Sikyonia
SIRED: 1. Epopeus, king of Sikyonia; 2. Peratos, king of Sikyonia

1) EPOPEUS King of Sikyonia

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. 53 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Kanake [daughter of Aiolos] bore to Poseidon sons Hopleus, Nireus, Epopeus, Aloios, and Triopas."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 157 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Sons of Neptunus [Poseidon] . . . Ephoceus [i.e. Epopeus King of Sikyonia] by Alcyone, daughter of Atlas."

For the MYTH of the seduction of Epopeus' mother see Poseidon Loves: Kanake

2) PERATOS King of Sikyonia

Pausanias, Description of Greece 2. 5. 7 :
"Apis [king in Sikyonia] begat Thelxion, Thelxion Aegyrus, then Thourimakhos, and Thourimakhos Leukippos. Leukippos had no male issue, only a daughter Kalkhinia. There is a story that this Kalkhinia mated with Poseidon; her child was reared by Leukippos, who at his death handed over to him the kingdom. His name was Peratos."


FAMILY IN ARGOLIS (SOUTHERN GREECE)

LOVED: 1. Pero or Kelousa, Argive nymph; 2. Amymone, princess of Argos; 3. Kelaino, princess of Argos; 4 - 6. Larissa, princess of Argos; 7. Leis, princess of Troizenos; 10. Aithra, princess of Troizenos; 13. Hippothoe, princess of Mykenai
SIRED: 1. Asopos, river-god & king of Argos; 2. Nauplios, lord of Nauplia; 3. Kelainos, Argive lord; 4 - 6. Akhaios, Phthios & Pelasgos, Argive lords; 7. Althepos, king of Troizenos; 8 - 9. Hyperes & Anthas, co-kings of Troizenos; 10. Theseus, prince of Troizenos; 11. Periphetes, bandit Epidauros; 12. Eirene, Kalaureian lady

1) ASOPOS River-God & King of Argos

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3. 156 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"The Asopos river was born of . . . according to Akousilaos [mythographer C5th B.C.], of Pero and Poseidon."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 2, 12, 4 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"While he [Aras] was king [of Sikyon], Asopos, said to be the son of Kelousa and Poseidon, discovered for him the water of the river which the present inhabitants call after him Asopos."

2) NAUPLIOS Lord of Nauplia

For the MYTH of the seduction of Nauplios' mother see Poseidon Loves: Amymone

3) KELAINOS Argive Lord, Lord of Kelainos

Strabo, Geography 12. 8. 18 (trans. Jones) (Greek geographer C1st B.C. to C1st A.D.) :
"[A Phrygian] city was called Kelainai after Kelainos, the son of Poseidon by Kelaino, one of the daughters of Danaus."

4 - 6) AKHAIOS, PHTHIOS & PELASGOS Argive Lords

7) ALTHEPOS King of Troizenos

Pausanias, Description of Greece 2. 30. 5 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"The land [of Troizenos] was called Oraia after him [King Oros] and that Althepos, the son of Poseidon and of Leis, the daughter of Oros, inheriting the kingdom after Oros, named the land Althepia."

8 - 9) HYPERES & ANTHAS Co-Kings of Troizenos

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3. 110 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Poseidon slept with two of them [the Pleiades] . . . with Alkyone, who bore him a daughter Aithousa (the mother with Apollon of Eleuther), and sons Hyreios and Hyperenor."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 2. 30. 8 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"Later kings [of Troizenos, Argos] Hyperes and Anthas. These they assert to be sons of Poseidon and of Alkyone, daughter of Atlas, adding that they founded in the country the cities of Hyperea and Anthea; Aetios, however, the son of Anthas, on inheriting the kingdoms of his father and of his uncle, named one of the cities Poseidonias [after his grandfather]."

10) THESEUS Prince of Troizenos, King of Athens

For the MYTH of the seduction of Theseus' mother see Poseidon Loves: Aithra
For MYTHS of Poseidon & his son Theseus see Poseidon Family / Favour: Theseus

11) PERIPHETES Bandit of Epidauros

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 38 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Labours of Theseus. He slew Corynetes [Periphetes], son of Neptunus [Poseidon], by force of arms."

12) EIRENE Lady or Nymphe of Kalaureia

13) TAPHIOS King of the Taphian Islands

For the MYTH of the seduction of Taphios' mother see Poseidon Loves: Hippothoe


FAMILY IN LAKEDAIMONIA (SOUTHERN GREECE)

LOVED: 1. Pitane, princess of Lakedaimonia
SIRED: 2. Euphemos, lord of Psamathos

1) EUADNE Princess of Arkadia

The daughter of Pitane was born & raised in Arkadia (see below)

2) EUPHEMOS Lord of Psamathos

Euphemos was usually described as a lord of Hyria, see Boiotia (below)


FAMILY IN MESSENIA & PYLOS (SOUTHERN GREECE)

LOVED: 3. Arene, queen of Messenia; 4. Lena, princess of Messenia
SIRED: 1. Neleus, king of Pylos; 2. Periklymenos, prince of Pylos; 3. Idas, prince of Messenia; 4. Euadne, princess of Messenia

1) NELEUS King of Pylos

Neleus was born in the Thessalian town of Iolkos, see Thessalia (below)

2) PERIKLYMENOS Prince of Pylos

For MYTHS of Poseidon & his son see Poseidon Family Favour : Periklymenos

3) IDAS Prince of Messenia

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3. 117 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Aphareus and Oibalos’ daughter Arene were parents of Lynkeus, Idas, and Peisos, although many say that Idas was the son of Poseidon."

For MYTHS of Poseidon & his son see Poseidon Family Favour : Idas

4) EUADNE Princess of Messenia

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 157 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Sons of Neptunus [Poseidon] . . . Euadne by Lena, daughter of Leucippus."


FAMILY IN ELIS (SOUTHERN GREECE)

LOVED: 1. Eurykyda, princess of Elis; 3 - 4. Molione, princess of Olenos; 5. Agamede, princess of Elis; 6. Astydameia, princess of Olenos; 7. Melantheia, Naiad nymph
SIRED: 1. Eleios king of Elis; 2. Augeias, king of Elis; 3 - 4. Kteatos & Eurytos, princes of Olenos; 5. Diktys, Eleian lord; 6. Kaukon, prince of Olenos; 7. Eirene, nymph

1) ELEIOS King of Elis

Pausanias, Description of Greece 5. 1. 8 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"The kingdom of the Epeans fell to Eleios, the son of Eurykyda, daughter of Endymion and, believe the tale who will, of Poseidon. It was Eleios who gave the inhabitants their present name of Eleans."

2) AUGEIAS King of Elis

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 2. 88 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Augeias was king of Elis, in some accounts a son of Helios, in others of Poseidon, and in still others of Phorbas."

3 - 4) KTEATOS & EURYTOS Princes of Olenos

For the MYTH of the seduction of their mother see Poseidon Loves : Molione

5) DIKTYS Eleian lord

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 157 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Sons of Neptunus [Poseidon] . . . Dictys by Agamede, daughter of Augeias." [N.B. Diktys means "of the nets."]

6) KAUKON Prince of Olenos

Aelian, Historical Miscellany 1. 24 (trans. Wilson) (Greek rhetorician C2nd to 3rd A.D.) :
"Kaukon son of Poseidon and Astydameia daughter of Phorbas had a child called Lepreus."


FAMILY IN ARKADIA (SOUTHERN GREECE)

LOVED: 1 - 2. Demeter, goddess of agriculture
SIRED: 1. Areion, immortal horse; 2. Despoine, mystery goddess; 3. Pelasgos, king of Arkadia; 4. Euadne, princess of Arkadia

1 - 2) AREION & DESPOINE Immortal Horse & Goddess

For the MYTH of the birth of this pair see Poseidon Loves: Demeter
For MORE information see also AREION and DESPOINE

3) PELASGOS King of Arkadia

Pelasgos was born to the Argive princess Larissa, see Argos (above)

4) EUADNE Princess of Arkadia

For the MYTH of the seduction of Euadne's mother see Poseidon Loves : Pitane


FAMILY IN EUBOIA (CENTRAL GREECE)

LOVED: 1. Arethousa, Nereid nymph; 2 - 3. Kelaino, lady of Dirphe in Euboia
SIRED: 1. Abas, king of the Abantes; 2 - 3. Lykos & Nykteus, Euboian lords

1) ABAS King of the Abantes

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 157 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Sons of Neptunus [Poseidon] . . . Abas by Arethusa, daughter of Nereus."

2) LYKOS & NYKTEUS Euboian lords

Lyktos and Nykteos were famed as Co-Regents of Thebes, see Boiotia (below)


FAMILY IN BOIOTIA (CENTRAL GREECE)

LOVED: 1 - 2. Kelaino, Euboian lady or Pleiad nymph; 3 - 6. Alkyone, Pleiad nymph; 8. Europa or Mekionike, lady of Hyria; 9. Askre, nymph; 10. Mideia, nymph; 12. Oinope, lady of Onkhestos; 14. Themisto, lady of Athamantia
SIRED: 1 - 2. Lykos & Nykteus, Co-Regents of Thebes; 3. Hyrieus, lord of Hyria; 4. Anthas, lord of Anthedon; 5. Lykos, lord of Thebes; 6. Aithousa, lady of Eleutherai; 7. Orion, giant prince of Hyria; 8. Euphemos, lord of Hyria; 9. Oioklos, lord of Asktra; 10. Aspledon, lord of Aspledon; 11. Onkhestos, lord of Onkhestos; 12. Megareus, lord of Onkhestos; 13. Amphimaros, lord of Helikon; 14. Leukon, prince of Athamantia

1 - 2) LYKOS & NYKTEUS Co-Regents of Thebes

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 31 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"He [Herakles] killed Lykos, son of Neptunus [Poseidon], because he was planning to kill his wife Megara, daughter of Kreon, and their sons."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 32 :
"When Hercules [had been sent to Hades] . . . Lycus, son of Neptunus [Poseidon], thought he had perished, he planned to kill his wife Megara . . . and his sons . . . and seize the kingdom [of Thebes]. Hercules prevented him and killed Lycus."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 76 :
"Kings of the Thebans . . . Labdacus, son of Polydoros; Lycus, son of Neptunus [Poseidon]; Amphion and Zetus, sons of Jove [Zeus]."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 157 :
"Sons of Neptunus [Poseidon] . . . Euphemus, Lycus and Nycteus by Celaeno daughter of Ergeus."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Astronomica 2. 21 :
"The Pleiades are called seven in number . . . six mated with immortals (three with Jove [Zeus], two with Neptunus [Poseidon], and one with Mars [Ares]) . . . from Celaeno and Neptunus [Poseidon], Lycus and Nycteus."

3 - 6) HYREIUS, HYPERENOR, LYKOS, ANTHAS & AITHOUSA Lords of Hyria, Thebes, Anthedon, Eleutherai

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3. 110 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Poseidon slept with two of them [the Pleiades] : first with Kelaino, whom Poseidon settled in the Islands of the Blest; and then with Alkyone, who bore him a daughter Aithousa (the mother with Apollon of Eleuther), and sons Hyreios and Hyperenor."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 9. 20. 1 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"Eleutheros [of Phokis], who, they say, was the son of Apollon by Aithousa, the daughter of Poseidon."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 9. 22. 5 :
"Some say that the city [of Anthedon, Boiotia] received its name from a nymphe called Anthedon, while others say that one Anthas was despot here, a son of Poseidon by Alkyone, the daughter of Atlas."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 157 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Sons of Neptunus [Poseidon] . . . Hyrieus by Alcyone, daughter of Atlas."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Astronomica 2. 21 :
"The Pleiades are called seven in number . . . six mated with immortals, three with Jove [Zeus], two with Neptunus [Poseidon], and one with Mars [Ares] . . . from Alcyone and Neptunus [Poseidon], Hyrieus."

7) ORION Giant Prince of Hyria

For MYTHS of Poseidon and his son see Poseidon Family Favour : Orion
For MORE general infomation on the giant see ORION

8) EUPHEMOS Lord of Hyria (or Psamathos in Lakedaimonia)

Hesiod, The Great Eoiae Fragment 6 (from Scholiast on Pindar's Pythian Ode 4. 35) (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) :
"Or like her in Hyria, careful-minded Mekionike, who was joined in the love of golden Aphrodite with [Poseidon] the Earth-holder and Earth-Shaker, and bare Euphemos."

Pindar, Pythian Ode 4. 44 ff (trans. Conway) (Greek lyric C5th B.C.) :
"That prince [Euphemos one of the Argonauts], son of the horseman’s god Poseidon - whom Europa, Tityos’ daughter bore by Kephissos’ banks."

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. 112 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"The Argonauts. The assembly of nobles consisted of the following . . . Euphemos, son of Poseidon."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 5. 17. 9 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"Euphemos. The poets declare that the last was a son of Poseidon and a companion of Jason on his voyage to Kolkhis."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 14 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Argonauts Assembled . . . Euphemus, son of Neptunus [Poseidon] and Europe, daughter of Tityos, a Taenarian [in southern Lakedaimonia]. It was said he could run over water with dry feet."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 157 :
"Sons of Neptunus [Poseidon] . . . Euphemus, Lycus and Nycteus by Celaeno daughter of Ergeus . . . Euphemus by Europa, daughter of Tityus."

For MYTHS of Poseidon & this son see Poseidon Family / Favour: Euphemos

9) OIOKLOS Lord of Askra

Pausanias, Description of Greece 9. 29. 1 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"Hegesinos [poet perhaps C7th B.C.] wrote about this in his Atthis: ‘Askre and Poseidon who shakes the earth lay together : the season circled and she bore his son--Oioklos; with the sons of Aloeus [Otos and Ephialtes] he built the foundations of Askre under the streaming feet of Helikon.’"

10) ASPLEDON Lord of Aspledon

Pausanias, Description of Greece 9. 38. 9 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"They [the Boiotians] say also that the city [of Aspledon] got its name from Aspledon, who was a son of the Nymphe Mideia and Poseidon. Their view is confirmed by some verses composed by Khersias, a man of Orkhomenos:--‘To Poseidon and glorious Mideia was born Aspledon in the spacious city.’"

11) ONKHESTOS Lord of Onkhestos

Pausanias, Description of Greece 9. 26. 5 :
"The city Onkhestos. They say that here dwelt Onkhestos, a son of Poseidon. In my day there remained a temple and image of Onkhestian Poseidon, and the grove which Homer too praised."

12) MEGAREUS Lord of Onkhestos

Pausanias, Description of Greece 1. 39. 5 :
"The Boiotians declare that Megareus, son of Poseidon, who dwelt in Onkhestos, came with an army of Boiotians to help Nisos wage the war against Minos; that falling in the battle he was buried on the spot, and the city was named Megara from him, having previously been called Nisa."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 157 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Sons of Neptunus [Poseidon] . . . Megareus by Oenope, daughter of Epopeus."

13) AMPHIMAROS Lord of Mt Helikon (or Khalkis, Euboia)

Pausanias, Description of Greece 9. 29. 5 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"It is said that this Linos [of Mt Helikon] was a son of [the Mousa] Ourania and Amphimaros, a son of Poseidon."

Suidas s.v. Linos (trans. Suda On Line) (Byzantine Greek lexicon C10th A.D.) :
"Linos: Of Khalkis, [son] of . . . Amphimaros and Ourania."

14) LEUKON Prince of Athamantia

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 157 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Sons of Neptunus [Poseidon]. Leucon by Themisto, daughter of Hypseus."


FAMILY IN ORKHOMENOS (CENTRAL GREECE)

LOVED: 2. Khrysogeneia, princess of Orkhomenos
SIRED: 1. Minyas, king of Orkhomenos; 2. Khryses, king of Orkhomenos

1) MINYAS King of Orkhomenos

Hesiod, Catalogues of Women Fragment 84 (from Scholiast on Homer's Odysseus 1. 326) (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) :
"Minyas the son of Poseidon."

2) KHRYSES King of Orkhomenos

Pausanias, Description of Greece 9. 36. 4 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"Phlegyas had no sons, and Khryses succeeded to the throne [of Orkhomenos], a son of Poseidon by Khrysogeneia, daughter of Almos."


FAMILY IN PHOKIS (CENTRAL GREECE)

LOVED: 1. Kleodora, nymph; 2. Melantho, princess of Phokis; 4. Koroneis, princess of Phokis
SIRED: 1. Parnassos, lord of Parnassos; 2. Delphos, lord of Delphoi; 3. Phokos, lord of Tithorea

1) PARNASSOS Lord of Parnassos

Pausanias, Description of Greece 10. 6. 13 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"They say that the oldest city [on Mt Parnassos, Phokis] was founded here by Parnassos, a son of Kleodora, a Nymphe. Like the other heroes, as they are called, he had two fathers; one they say was the god Poseidon, the human father being Kleopompos."

2) DELPHOS Lord of Delphoi

For the MYTH of the seduction of Delphos' mother see Poseidon Loves: Melantho

3) PHOKOS Lord of Tithorea

Pausanias, Description of Greece 2. 4. 3 :
"Ornytion [son of Sisyphos King of Korinthos] had a son Phokos, reputed to have been begotten by Poseidon. He migrated to Tithorea in what is now called Phokis, but Thoas, the younger son of Ornytion, remained behind at Korinthos."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 2. 29. 3 :
"The land that is now called Phokis. This name was given to the land, at the time when Phokos, son of Ornytion, came to it a generation previously. In the time, then, of this Phokos only the district about Tithorea and Parnassos was called Phokis."

4) NO ISSUE

For the MYTH of attempted seduction of the daughter of Koroneus see
Poseidon Loves: Koroneis


FAMILY IN AITOLIA (CENTRAL GREECE)

LOVED: 1. Althaia, queen of Aitolia
SIRED: 1. Ankaios, prince of Aitolia

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 157 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Sons of Neptunus [Poseidon] . . . Periclymenus, Eurypylus and Ancaeus by Astypale, daughter of Phoenix . . . Ancaeus by Althaea, daughter of Thestius."

Althaia's son was Ankaios was frequently confounded with the Samian prince of the same name, see Samos below.


FAMILY IN MALIS (NORTHERN GREECE)

LOVED: 1. Eidothea, nymph of Mt Othrys
SIRED: 1. Eusiros, Malian lord

Antoninus Liberalis, Metamorphoses 22 (trans. Celoria) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Eusiros, who was the son of Poseidon and of Eidothea the Nymphe of Othreis, lived in the land of the Malians on the spurs of Mount Othrys."


FAMILY IN THESSALIA (NORTHERN GREECE)

LOVED: 1 - 4. Kanake, Thessalian princess; 5 - 6. Iphimedeia, Thessalian princess; 7 - 8Tyro, queen of Iolkos; 9 - 11. Arne or Antiope, princess of Itonos; 12. Kainis, Lapith lady; 13. Mestra, princess
SIRED: 1 - 4. Aloeus, Triopas, Nireus & Hopleus, Thessalian kings; 5 - 6. Otos & Ephialtes, giants of Thessalia; 7 - 8. Pelias & Neleus, kings of Iolkos & Pylos; 9 - 11. Hellen, Aiolos & Boiotos, Princes of Itonos

1 - 4) ALOEUS, TRIOPAS, NIREUS & HOPLEUS Thessalian Kings

For the MYTH of the seduction of the mother of these four see Poseidon Loves: Kanake

5 - 6) OTOS & EPHIALTES Aloadai Giants of Thessalia

For the MYTH of the seduction of the Aloadai's mother see Poseidon Loves: Iphimedeia

7 - 8) PELIAS & NELEUS Kings of Iolkos & Pylos

For the MYTH of the seduction of the twin's mother see Poseidon Loves: Tyro

9 - 11) HELLEN, AIOLOS & BOIOTOS Princes of Itonos

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 157 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Sons of Neptunus [Poseidon]. Boeotus and Hellen by Antiope, daughter of Aeolus."

For the MYTH of the seduction of the mother of these three see Poseidon Loves: Arne

12 - 13) NO ISSUE

For the MYTH of the seduction of Kainis see Poseidon Favour: Kainis
For the MYTH of the seduction of Mestra see Poseidon Favour: Mestra


FAMILY IN THRAKE (NORTHERN GREECE)

LOVED: 1. Khione, nymph; 2. Theophane, princess of the Bisaltes; 3. Helle, sea-goddess
SIRED:1. Eumolphos, Thrakian prince; 2. Khrysomallos, golden ram; 3 - 4. Poltys & Sarpedon, princes of Ainos; 5. Phineus, king of Salmydessos; 6 - 8. Edonos, Paion & Almopos, kings of Edonia, Paionia & Almopia

1) EUMOLPOS Thrakian Prince

For the MYTH of the seduction of Eumolpos' mother & his birth see
Poseidon Loves: Khione

2) KHRYSOMALLOS Golden Ram

For the MYTH of the seduction of the ram's mother see Poseidon Loves: Theophane
For MORE information on the golden ram see KHRYSOMALLOS

3 - 4) POLTYS & SARPEDON Princes of Ainos

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 2. 105 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"He [Herakles] put in at Ainos [in Thrake], where he was the guest of Poltys. As he was leaving he shot with his arrow and killed an hybristic man named Sarpedon, Poltys' brother and a son of Poseidon, on the shore at Ainos."

5) PHINEUS King of Salmydessos

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. 120 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Salmydessos in Thrake, where Phineus, a blinded prophet, lived. Some say that his father was Agenor, others say Poseidon."

6 - 8) EDONOS, PAION, & ALMOPOS Kings of Edonia, Paionia & Almopia

Pseudo-Hyginus, Astronomica 2. 20 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"[A golden-fleeced] which carried Phrixus and Helle thought the Hellespont . . . Many have said that Helle fell into the Hellespont, was embraced by Neptunus [Poseidon], and bore Paeon, or, as some say, Edonus."


FAMILY IN TAPHOS (GREEK IONIAN SEA)

LOVED: 1. Hippothoe, princess of Mykenai
SIRED: 1. Taphios, king of the Taphian Islands

1) TAPHIOS King of the Taphian Islands

For the MYTH of the seduction of his mother see Poseidon Loves: Hippothoe
For a MYTH of the god and his son's son see Poseidon Family / Favour: Pterelaus


FAMILY IN THASOS (GREEK AEGEAN)

SIRED: 1. Thasos, king of Thasos

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3. 3 (trans. Frazer) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"When Europa went missing, her father [Agenore King of Phoinikia] sent his sons out to look for her . . . her mother Telephassa joned the search, as did Thasos, the son of Poseidon (or Kilix, according to Pherekydes) [Greek mythographer C5th B.C.] . . . Thasos founded the polis of Thasos in Thrake and settled there."


FAMILY IN KHIOS (GREEK AEGEAN)

LOVED: 1. Khian nymph; 2 - 3. Khian nymph
SIRED: 1. Khios, king of Khios; 2. Agelos & Melas, Khian lords

Pausanias, Description of Greece 7. 4. 8 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"Ion the tragic poet says in his history that Poseidon came to the island [of Khios] when it was uninhabited; that there he had intercourse with a Nymphe, and that when she was in her pains there was a fall of snow (khione), and that accordingly Poseidon called his son Khios. Ion [the tragic poet] also says that Poseidon had intercourse with another Nymphe, by whom he had Agelos and Melas."


FAMILY IN SAMOS (GREEK AEGEAN)

SIRED: 1. Ankaios, king of Samos

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 14 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Argonauts Assembled . . . A second Ancaeus, son of Neptunus [Poseidon] and Althaea, daughter of Thestius, from the island of Imbrasus, which was called Parthenia but is now called Samos . . . [During the voyage when] Tiphys became ill and died . . . in his place ancaeus, Neptunus' son, steered the ship to Colchis."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 18 :
"Tiphys died. Then the Argonatus gave the steering of the ship Argo to Ancaeus, son of Neptunus [Poseidon]."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 157 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Sons of Neptunus [Poseidon] . . . Periclymenus, Eurypylus and Ancaeus by Astypale, daughter of Phoenix . . . Ancaeus by Althaea, daughter of Thestius."

For the MYTH of the seduction of Ankaios' mother see Poseidon Loves: Astypalaia


FAMILY IN KOS (GREEK AEGEAN)

LOVED: 1. Astypalaia, Phoinikian princess
SIRED: 1. Eurypylos, king of Kos

For the MYTH of the seduction of Eurypylos' mother see Poseidon Loves: Astypalaia


FAMILY IN IKARIA (GREEK AEGEAN)

SIRED: 1 - 3. Boiotos, Aiolos & Hellen, princes of Ikaria (adopted)

These three princes were born in Itonos, see Thessalia (above)


FAMILY IN RHODES (GREEK AEGEAN)

LOVED: 1. Amphitrite, sea goddess; 2. Halia, sea nymph
SIRED: 1. Rhode, goddess of Rhodes; 2. Daimones Proseoous, evil daimones of Rhodes

1) RHODE Goddess of Rhodes Island

For the MYTH of Poseidon's love for Rhode's mother see Poseidon Loves: Amphitrite
For MORE information on this goddess see RHODE

2) DAIMONES PROSEOOUS Daimones of Rhodes

For the MYTH of Halia & the Daimones see Poseidon Wrath: Daimones Proseoous
For MORE information on these sons see DAIMONES PROSEOOUS


FAMILY IN KRETE (GREEK AEGEAN)

LOVED: 1. Euryale, princess of Krete
SIRED: 1. Orion, giant

Orion was usually said to have been born from the urine of the three gods Poseidon, Hermes and Zeus, to produce a child for King Hyrieus of Hyria. See Boiotia (above).


FAMILY IN TROAS (ANATOLIA)

LOVED: 1. Kalyke, princess of Kolonai
SIRED: 1. Kyknos, king of Kolonai; 2. Ourea, nymph

1) KYKNOS Prince of Kolonai

Stasinus of Cyprus or Hegesias of Aegina, Cypria Fragment 1 (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C7th or C6th B.C.) :
"The Greeks tried to land at Ilion . . . Akhilleus then kills Kyknos, the son of Poseidon, and drives the Trojans back."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 10. 14. 1 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"Kyknos, they say, was a son of Poseidon, and ruled as king in Kolonai, a city in the Troad situated opposite the island Leucophrys [i.e. the island of Tenedos]."

Ovid, Metamorphoses 12. 72 ff (trans. Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. to C1st A.D.) :
"Cycnus, Neptunus' [Poseidon's] son had sent a thousand me to death [in the defence of Troy]."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 157 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Sons of Neptunus [Poseidon] . . . Cycnus by Calyce, daughter of Hecato."

2) OUREA Nymphe

Hesiod, Catalogues of Women Fragment 83 (from Tzetzes Scholiast in Exeg. Iliad 126) (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) :
"Apollon . . . found a Nymphe [i.e. Ourea daughter of Poseidon] complaisant and was joined with her in sweet love, on that day when Poseidon and Apollon raised high the wall of the well-built city [of Troy]."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 159 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Sons of Apollo . . . Ilius by Urea, daughter of Neptunus [Poseidon]."

For MORE information on this Nymph see OUREA


FAMILY IN KARIA (ANATOLIA)

SIRED: 1. Erginos, lord of Miletos

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. 113 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"The Argonauts. The assembly of nobles consisted of the following . . . Erginos, son of Poseidon."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 14 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Argonauts Assembled . . . Erginus, son of Neptunus [Poseidon], from Miletus; some say [however, that the Argonauts Erginus was a] son of Periclymenus, from Orchomenus."


FAMILY IN PHRYGIA (ANATOLIA)

SIRED: 1. Kelainos, lord of Kelainai

Strabo, Geography 12. 8. 18 (trans. Jones) (Greek geographer C1st B.C. to C1st A.D.) :
"[Because of the frequent earthquakes] Poseidon is worshipped in their [the Phrygians landlocked] country, even though it is in the interior, and why the city was called Kelainai, that is, after Kelainos, the son of Poseidon by Kelaino, one of the daughters of Danaus, or else because of the 'blackness' of the stone, which resulted from the burn-outs."


FAMILY IN BITHYNIA (ANATOLIA)

LOVED: 1 - 2. Melia, nymph
SIRED: 1 - 2. Amykos & Mygdon, kings of Bithynia

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. 119 & 2. 100 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"From Mysia they [the Argonauts] left for the land of the Bebrykes, whose king was Amykos, son of Poseidon and a Bithynian Nymphe. A powerful fellow, he would force arriving strangers to box with him, and in this manner destroy them . . . When Lykos [King of Mysia] and the King of the Bebrykes went to war, Herakles helped Lykos out, and slew many, including King Mygdon, the brother of Amykos."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 17 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Amycus, son of Neptunus [Poseidon] and Melie, king of Bebrycia, compelled whoever came to his kingdom to contend with him in boxing, and slew the vanquished."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 157 :
"Sons of Neptunus [Poseidon] . . . Amycus by Melie, daughter of Oceanus."


FAMILY IN AIGYPTOS (NORTH AFRICA)

LOVED: 1 - 2. Libya, princess of Aigyptos; 3. Lysianassa, princess of Aigyptos; 3. Anippe, nymph
SIRED: 1. Belos, king of Aigyptos; 2. Agenor king of Phoinikia; 3. Bousiris, king of Aigyptos

1 - 2) BELOS & AGENOR Kings of Aigyptos-Libya & Phoinikia-Syria

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 2. 10 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Epaphos was ruler of the Aigyptioi (Egyptians), he married Neilos' daughter Memphis . . . and fathered a daughter Libya, after whom the country of Libya is named. Libya and Poseidon had twin sons Agenor and Belos . . . Belos remained to become king of Aigyptos."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 157 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Sons of Neptunus [Poseidon]. Agenor and Belus by Libya, daughter of Epaphus."

2) BOUSIRIS King of Aigyptos

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 2. 116 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"After Libya Herakles pressed on through Aigyptos (Egypt). The king of Aigyptos was Bousiris, a son of Poseidon and Epaphos’ daughter Lysianassa. He obeyed a certain oracle by sacrificing strangers on an altar of Zeus [but was himself slain by Herakles]."

Pseudo-Plutarch, Greek and Roman Parallel Stories 38 (trans. Babbitt) (Greek historian C2nd A.D.) :
"Bousiris, the son of Poseidon and Anippe, daughter of Neilos (the Nile), with treacherous hospitality was wont to sacrifice such persons as passed his way . . . So says Agathon of Samos."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 31 & 56 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"He [Herakles] slew in Egypt Busiris, whose custom it was to sacrifice visitors . . . Egypt the land of Busiris, son of Neptunus [Poseidon]."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 157 :
"Sons of Neptunus [Poseidon] . . . Busiris by Libya, daughter of Epaphus."


FAMILY IN LIBYA (NORTH AFRICA)

LOVED: 1. Gaia, earth goddess; 3. Tritonis, lake goddess; 3. Polyphe, nymph
SIRED: 1. Antaios, king of Libya; 2. Lamia, queen of Libya; 3. Athena Hippios, Libyan goddess

1) ANTAIOS King of Libya

Pindar, Isthmian Ode 4. 70 ff (trans. Conway) (Greek lyric C5th B.C.) :
"To the house of Antaios there came a hero from Thebes of Kadmos’ race [Herakles], to Libya's corn-lands, small in his body’s height but of soul indomitable, bringing a wrestler’s grip to stay him who crowned with skulls of strangers Poseidon's holy shrine."

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 2. 115 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"He [Herakles] proceeded through Libya, which was ruled by Poseidon’s son Antaios, who forced strangers to wrestle and then killed them . . . [and Herakles killed him in the wrestling match]. Some said he was a son of Ge (Earth)."

For MORE information on this giant son see ANTAIOS

2) LAMIA Queen of Libya

Pausanias, Description of Greece 10. 12. 2 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"Herophile and surnamed Sibylla. The former Sibylla I find was as ancient as any; the Greeks say that she was a daughter of Zeus by Lamia, daughter of Poseidon, that she was the first woman to chant oracles, and that the name Sibylla was given her by the Libyans."

For MORE information on this daughter see LAMIA

3) ATHENA HIPPIOS Libyan Goddess

Pausanias, Description of Greece 1. 14. 6 :
"The Libyans have a saying that the Goddess [Athene] is the daughter of Poseidon and Lake Tritonis, and for this reason has blue eyes like Poseidon."

Suidas s.v. Hippeia Athene (trans. Suda On Line) (Byzantine Greek lexicon C10th A.D.) :
"Hippeia Athene (Athena-of-Horses): They say she is a daughter of Poseidon and Polyphe, daughter of Okeanos; she was the first to use a chariot and was called 'of-Horses' because of this."


FAMILY IN AITHIOPIA (EAST AFRICA)

SIRED: 1. Benthesikyme, queen of Aithiopia

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3. 201 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Aithiopia, where he [Poseidon] gave him [his son Eumolpos] to his and Amphitrite's daughter Benthesikyme to rear."

For MORE information on this nymph see BENTHESIKYME


FAMILY IN PHOINIKIA (WEST ASIA)

LOVED: 2. Astypalaia, princess of Phoinikia; 3. Beroe, goddess of Beruit
SIRED: 1. Agenor, king of Phoinikia

1) AGENOR King of Phoinikia

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 2. 10 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Epaphos was ruler of the Aigyptioi (Egyptians), he married Neilos' daughter Memphis . . . and fathered a daughter Libya, after whom the country of Libya is named. Libya and Poseidon had twin sons Agenor and Belos. Agenor left for Phoinikia where he became king; he was the founder of a great line."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 157 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Sons of Neptunus [Poseidon]. Agenor and Belus by Libya, daughter of Epaphus."

2 - 3) OTHER

For the MYTH of the abduction of Astypalaia see Poseidon Loves: Astypalaia
For the MYTH of the wooing of Beroe see BEROE


FAMILY IN SKHERIA (MEDITERRANEAN)

LOVED: 1. Korkyra, Naiad nymph; 2. Periboia, princess of the Phaiakoi
SIRED: 1. Phaiax, king of the Phaiakoi; 2. Nausithoos, king of the Phaiakoi

1) PHAIAX King of the Phaiakoi

For the MYTH of the seduction of Phaiax's mother see Poseidon Loves: Korkyra

2) NAUSITHOOS King of the Phaiakoi


FAMILY IN ATLANTIS (MEDITERRANEAN)

LOVED: 1 - 10. Kleito, nymph
SIRED: 1 - 10. Atlas, Gadeiros, Ampheres, Euaimon, Mneseos, Autokhthon, Elasippos, Mestor, Azaes, Diaprepres, Ten Co-Kings of Atlantis

For the MYTH of the seduction of the Atlantian princess see Poseidon Loves: Kleito


FAMILY IN ERYTHEIA (WESTERN OCEAN or RED SEA)

LOVED: 1 - 2. Medousa, gorgon
SIRED: 1. Khrysaor, giant king of Erytheia; 2. Pegasos, winged horse

For the MYTH of the seduction of Medousa and birth of her sons see
Poseidon Loves : Medousa
For MORE information on the offspring see PEGASOS, KHRYSAOR


FAMILY IN SICILY (SOUTHERN ITALY)

LOVED: 1. Thoosa, sea nymph
SIRED: 1. Polyphemos, cyclops giant; 2. Kharybdis, whirlpool; 3. Eryx, king of the Elymoi

1) POLYPHEMOS Kyklops Giant

For the MYTH of the seduction of Polyphemos' mother see Poseidon Loves: Thoosa
For MYTHS of Poseidon and his giant son see Poseidon Favour: Polyphemos
For MORE information on this giant see POLYPHEMOS

2) KHARYBDIS Whirlpool Monster

For MORE information on this monster see KHARYBDIS

3) ERYX King of the Elymoi

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 2. 110 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"It [one of the bull's of Geryon being herded by Herakles] swam across to Sikelia (Sicily). Then, crossing the neighbouring land, it came to the plain of Eryx, who was king of the Elymoi and a son of Poseidon."


FAMILY IN MESSAPIA (SOUTHERN ITALY)

LOVED: 1. Tarantine Nymph, nymph
SIRED: 1. Taras, king of Taras; 2. Messapos, king of Messapios

1) TARAS King of Taras

Pausanias, Description of Greece 10. 10. 8 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"Tarantinos (Tarentum) is a colony of the Lakedaimonians [by the region of Messapios in Italia] . . . They say that Taras the hero was a son of Poseidon by a Nymphe of the country, and that after this hero were named both the city and the river. For the river, just like the city, is called Taras."

2) MESSAPOS King of Messapios


FAMILY IN LIGURIA (SOUTHERN FRANCE)

SIRED: 1 - 2. Ialebion & Derkyonos, kings of Liguria

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 2. 109 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"As he [Herakles] passed through Abderia he came to Ligystine [Liguria], where Poseidon's sons Ialebion and Derkynos tried to seize the cattle, but he slew them and went on through Tyrrhenia."


FAMILY IN LAISTRYGONIA (UNKNOWN LAND)

SIRED: 1. Laistrygon, king of the Laistrygones

The Laistrygones were a mythical tribe of man-eating Giants.

Hesiod, Catalogues of Women Fragment 40A (from Oxyrhynchus Papyri 1358 frag 2) (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) :
"[Laistrygones] the people sprung from Laistrygon who was the son of wide-reigning Poseidon."

For MORE information on these giants see THE LAISTRYGONES


Sources:

  • Homer, The Iliad - Greek Epic C8th B.C.
  • Homer, The Odyssey - Greek Epic C8th B.C.
  • Hesiod, Theogony - Greek Epic C8th-7th B.C.
  • Hesiod, Catalogues of Women Fragments - Greek Epic C8th-7th B.C.
  • Hesiod, Astronomy Fragments - Greek Epic C8th-7th B.C.
  • Stasinus or Hegesias, The Cypria Fragments - Greek Epic C7th-6th B.C.
  • Pindar, Odes - Greek Lyric C5th B.C.
  • Greek Lyric IV Corinna, Fragments - Greek Lyric C5th B.C.
  • Apollodorus, The Library - Greek Mythography C2nd A.D.
  • Diodorus Siculus, The Library of History - Greek History C1st B.C.
  • Strabo, Geography - Greek Geography C1st B.C. - C1st A.D.
  • Pausanias, Description of Greece - Greek Travelogue C2nd A.D.
  • Plutarch, Moralia - Greek Historian C2nd A.D.
  • Aelian, Historical Miscellany - Greek Rhetoric C2nd-3rd A.D.
  • Hyginus, Fabulae - Latin Mythography C2nd A.D.
  • Hyginus, Astronomica - Latin Mythography C2nd A.D.
  • Ovid, Metamorphoses - Latin Epic C1st B.C. - C1st A.D.
  • Suidas - Byzantine Greek Lexicon C10th A.D.