HOMONOIA was the personified spirit (daimona) of concord, unanimity and oneness of mind. She was sometimes numbered amongst the Praxidikai (Exacters of Justice), goddess-daughters of an early Theban king named Ogygos. As such Homonoia was probably closely identified with the Theban goddess-queen Harmonia (Harmony). Her opposite number was Eris (Strife).
SOTER & PRAXIDIKE (Suidas s.v. Praxidike)
CLASSICAL LITERATURE QUOTES
Pausanias, Description of Greece 5. 14. 9 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"Next [at Olympia] come an altar of Homonoia (Concord), another of Athena, and the altar of the Mother of the Gods (Meter Theon)."
Suidas s.v. Praxidike (trans. Suda On Line) (Byzantine Greek Lexicon C10th A.D.) :
"Praxidike (Exacter of Justice) : A deity whose head alone is venerated. Mnaseas [Greek C2nd B.C.] in his treatise On Europe says that Soter (Saviour) and his sister Praxidike (Exacter of Justice) had a son Ktesios (Ctesius, Household) and daughters Homonoia (Concord) and Arete (Virtue), who were called Praxidikai (Exacters of Penalties) after their mother."
- Pausanias, Description of Greece - Greek Travelogue C2nd A.D.
- Suidas, The Suda - Byzantine Greek Lexicon C10th A.D.
Other references not currently quoted here: Apollonius Rhodius Argonautica 2.718 (Homonoia), Inscriptiones Graecae 3.2239 (Homonoia), Plutarch Camillus 42 (Concordia), Appianus Bella Civilia 1.26 (Concordia), Dio Cassius 44.4 (Concordia), et. al.
A complete bibliography of the translations quoted on this page.