Nymphs of Thessaly
THE THESSALIDES were the Naiad-nymphs of the mighty river Peneios (Peneus) in Thessalia, northern Greece.
PENEIOS (Callimachus Hymn to Delos 104)
DAPHNE, STILBE, MENIPPE, others
CLASSICAL LITERATURE QUOTES
Callimachus, Hymn 4 to Delos 104 ff (trans. Mair) (Greek poet C3rd B.C.) :
"[The rivers and springs flee the approach of the pregnant goddess Leto for fear of incurring the wrath of Hera should they provide her refuge :] She [Leto] turned her feet back to Thessalia (Thessaly). And Anauros fled and great Larisa and the cliffs of Kheiron (Chiron); fled, too, Peneios (Peneus), coiling through Tempe.
But thy heart, Hera, was even then still pitiless and thou wert not broken down nor didst have compassion, when she [Leto] stretched forth both her arms and spake in vain : ‘Ye Nymphai Thessalides (Thessalian Nymphs), offspring of a river [Peneios], tell your sire to hush his great stream. Entwine your hands about his beard and entreat him that the children of Zeus be born in his waters.’"
Ovid, Metamorphoses 1. 574 ff (trans. Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. to C1st A.D.) :
"There is a vale in Haemonia [Thessaly], enclosed with hanging forests, steep on every side; men name it Tempe . . . Here is the home, the mansion, the retreat of that majestic River (Amnis) [Peneus]; seated here within a rock-hewn cavern he dispensed justice to all his waters and their Nymphae (Nymphs)."
- Callimachus, Hymns - Greek Poetry C3rd B.C.
- Ovid, Metamorphoses - Latin Epic C1st B.C. - C1st A.D.
A complete bibliography of the translations quoted on this page.