Of Euboea (island)
Of Chalcis (town)
EUBOIA (Euboea) or KHALKIS (Chalcis) was the eponymous nymph of the island of Euboia (in central Greece) and the Naiad-nymph of the spring, well or fountain of the island's main town of Khalkis. She was a daughter of the Boiotian river-god Asopos who was abducted to the island by Poseidon.
[1.1] ASOPOS (Corinna Frag 654)
[1.2] ASOPOS & METOPE (Diodorus Siculus 4.72.1)
[1.1] A SON? (by Poseidon)
CHALCIS (Chalkis), one of the daughters of Asopus and Metope, from whom the town of Chalcis in Euboea was said to have derived its name. (Eustath. ad Hom. p. 279.) According to others, Chalcis was the mother of the Curetes and Corybantes, the former of whom were among the earliest inhabitants of Chalcis. (Schol. Vict. ad Hom. Il. xiv. 291; Strab. x. p. 447.)
EUBOEA (Euboia), a daughter of Asopus, from whom the island of Euboea was believed to have derived its name. (Eustath. ad Hom. p. 278.)
Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.
CLASSICAL LITERATURE QUOTES
Corinna, Fragment 654 (trans. Campbell, Vol. Greek Lyric IV) (C5th B.C.) :
"Of these nine daughters [of the river-god Asopos] . . . Korkyra (Corcyra) and Salamis and lovely Euboia (Euboea) were stolen by father Poseidon."
Strabo, Geography 10. 1. 3 (trans. Jones) (Greek geographer C1st B.C. to C1st A.D.) :
"They derive [the name of the island] Euboia (Euboea) from a heroine."
Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 4. 72. 1 (trans. Oldfather) (Greek historian C1st B.C.) :
"Asopos (Asopus) made his home in Phlios [Sikyonia], where he married Metope, the daughter of Ladon, to whom were born two sons, Pelasgos and Ismenos, and twelve daughters, Korkyra (Corcyra) and Salamis, also Aigina (Aegina), Peirene, and Kleone (Cleone), then Thebe, Tanagra, Thespeia, and Asopis, also Sinope, and finally Ornia and Khalkis (Chalcis)."
Nonnus, Dionysiaca 42. 411 ff (trans. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) :
"Euboia (Euboea) the maiden he [Poseidon] rooted in the sea."
- Greek Lyric IV Corinna, Fragments - Greek Lyric C5th B.C.
- Diodorus Siculus, The Library of History - Greek History C1st B.C.
- Strabo, Geography - Greek Geography C1st B.C. - C1st A.D.
- Nonnus, Dionysiaca - Greek Epic C5th A.D.
Other references not currently quoted here: Eustathius on Homer's Iliad 278, Hesychius s.v. Euboia, Athenaeus 7.48, Claudian Epithalamium 10.158.
A complete bibliography of the translations quoted on this page.