Of Hyde (town)
THE "NAIAS HYDE" was the unnamed Naiad-nymph of a spring, well or fountain of the town of Hyde--later known as Sardis--in Lydia (western Anatolia). She was the mother of Iphition, an ally of the Trojans in their war with the Greeks.
Homer does not name her but the Naiad was probably either Hyde, the town's eponymous nymph, or Gygaie, the goddess-nymph of the nearby lake.
GYGAIE (Homer Iliad 20.384)
IPHITION (by Otrynteus) (Homer Iliad 20.381)
CLASSICAL LITERATURE QUOTES
Homer, Iliad 20. 381 ff (trans. Lattimore) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) :
"He [Akhilleus (Achilles) in the Trojan War] killed Iphition son of Otrynteus, a leader of many people whom a Naias Nymphe (Naiad Nymph) had borne to Otrynteus waster of cities, in the district of Hyde under the snowy heights of Mount Tmolos (Tmolus) . . . [his] generation was of the lake waters of Gygaie (Gyge), where is the allotted land of your fathers by fish-swarming [river] Hyllos (Hyllus) and the whirling waters of Hermos (Hermus)."
- Homer, The Iliad - Greek Epic C8th B.C.
A complete bibliography of the translations quoted on this page.